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(1/341) A large intrathoracic parathyroid adenoma.

A case is described in which an unusually large parathyroid adenoma was visible on the plain chest radiograph taken during the investigation of hypercalcaemia. This was diagnosed preoperatively and a scheme is suggested whereby such a disgnosis can now readily be made. The differential diagnosis is discussed ant the literature is reviewed.  (+info)

(2/341) Prenatal sonographic features of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma.

We describe a case of fetal rhabdomyosarcoma detected during the third trimester of pregnancy by prenatal sonography. At 33 weeks' gestation, sonography performed because of suspected polyhydramnios showed a solid mass of 120 x 54 mm arising from the anterior wall of the fetal thoracic cage. Another mass within the left maxillary area which originated from the left orbital floor was also detected. In the abdomen, there were multiple round masses in and around the liver. As the previous scan at 28 weeks had appeared normal, the multiple masses which became visible and enlarged rapidly in different locations led us to believe that there was fetal cancer. The most likely diagnosis was rhabdomyosarcoma (which was later confirmed), because it is the most prevalent soft-tissue tumor in children and may develop within or outside muscle anywhere in the body and at any age. Two other reported cases which were detected by prenatal ultrasound examination are also discussed.  (+info)

(3/341) Sternal splitting approach to upper thoracic lesions located anterior to the spinal cord.

The sternal splitting approach for upper thoracic lesions located anterior to the spinal cord is described. The sternal splitting approach can be effectively applied to lesions from the T-1 to T-3 levels. The aortic arch prevents procedures below this level. The approach is straight toward the T1-3 vertebral bodies and provides good surgical orientation. The sternal splitting approach was applied to five patients with metastatic spinal tumors at the C7-T3 levels and three patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament at the T1-3 levels. No postoperative neurological deterioration occurred. Two patients had postoperative hoarseness. The sternal splitting approach to the upper thoracic spine is recommended for hard lesions, extensive lesions requiring radical resection, and lesions requiring postoperative stabilization with spinal instrumentation.  (+info)

(4/341) Comparison of dual-head coincidence PET versus ring PET in tumor patients.

This study compared the multiring detector (Ring-PET) and the dual-head coincidence imaging system (DH-PET) for staging/ restaging neoplastic patients before or after surgery or radiochemotherapy. METHODS: Seventy patients with suspected tumor recurrence or metastatic dissemination received an intravenous dose of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) under overnight fasting and were studied in sequence with a dedicated positron emission tomograph with Ring-PET and a DH-PET. Ring-PET studies were performed 45-75 min postinjection and were followed by a DH-PET scan approximately 3 h postinjection. Number and location of the hypermetabolic lesions detected on DH-PET and Ring-PET reconstructed images were blindly assessed by three independent observers. RESULTS: DH-PET identified all 14 head lesions detected by Ring-PET, 53 of 63 thoracic lesions and 36 of 45 abdominal lesions. Of the 19 lesions not identified by DH-PET, 6 were smaller than 10 mm, 8 were between 10 and 15 mm and 1 was 18 mm; dimensions of 4 bone lesions were not available. A concordant restaging, based on location and number of lesions detected, was found in all 14 patients with head tumors, in 28 of 30 patients with thoracic tumors and in 24 of 26 patients with abdominal tumors. CONCLUSION: We found a good agreement between Ring-PET and DH-PET assessment of oncologic patients in detecting hypermetabolic lesions > or = 10-15 mm.  (+info)

(5/341) Moderate dose-escalation of combination chemotherapy with concomitant thoracic radiotherapy in limited-disease small-cell lung cancer: prolonged intrathoracic tumor control and high central nervous system relapse rate. Groupe d'Oncologie-Pneumologie Clinique de l'Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels and Liege, Belgium.

BACKGROUND: The role of chemotherapy dose-intensification in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains unclear. This phase I-II study evaluates feasibility and outcome of combination chemotherapy at moderately elevated doses with concomitant thoracic radiotherapy in limited-disease SCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Moderately elevated doses of ifosfamide-epirubicin (cycles 1 and 3) and of carboplatin-etoposide (cycles 2 and 4) were given with G-CSF and peripheral blood stem-cell (PBSC) support. Thoracic radiotherapy (40 Gy) was given once daily during the first five days of each cycle. RESULTS: Overall toxicity was acceptable; most common side-effects were myelosuppression and asthenia. All 35 eligible patients responded (23 CR, 12 PR). Median time to progression was 15 months: median overall survival was 24.6 months. Only 6 of 25 relapsing patients (24%) presented with a locoregional recurrence while 12 of 25 (48%) relapsed in the central nervous system (CNS). CONCLUSIONS: This regimen is a feasible dose-intensification with an acceptable toxicity profile. Its efficacy was demonstrated by a 100% response rate, an excellent local tumor control rate and a median survival of 24.6 months. In the absence of PCI, CNS relapse is a major problem if adequate local control is achieved.  (+info)

(6/341) How do general practitioners respond to reports of abnormal chest X-rays?

General practitioners (GPs) in the UK have long had direct access to hospital radiological services, which in theory shortens investigation time and improves the quality of service. Chest X-rays (CXRs) account for a substantial proportion of requests, and we investigated what happened when an abnormality was detected. In one year, 204 GPs in the Nottingham area requested CXRs in 605 patients. 362 were reported normal, 165 abnormal but hospital follow-up not indicated and 71 abnormal with radiological follow-up or hospital referral indicated (mass lesion suspicious of tumours 27, infective shadowing 35, other 9). 64 of the 71 were seen in hospital within three months, and in those with suspected cancer the median time to follow-up was 20 days. These results show that GPs do act on the results of abnormal CXRs, but only 37% of those with a mass suspicious of cancer were seen in hospital within two weeks as recommended by the British Thoracic Society. Time might be saved if GPs agreed to direct referral from the radiology department to respiratory physicians.  (+info)

(7/341) Extramedullary myeloid cell tumour: presentation as anterior chest wall mass during AML relapse.

Acute myeloid leukaemia is an uncommon but an important cause of soft tissue swellings. Such extrameningeal, extramedullary leukaemic infiltrates are called extramedullary myeloid cell tumours. Despite their large size they may respond well to chemotherapy and local radiotherapy, as is demonstrated in this case.  (+info)

(8/341) LMCE3 treatment strategy: results in 99 consecutively diagnosed stage 4 neuroblastomas in children older than 1 year at diagnosis.

PURPOSE: To tailor postinduction therapy for stage 4 neuroblastoma in children who are older than 1 year at diagnosis according to status after induction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 1987 to December 1992, 99 patients who were consecutively admitted were included in the Lyon-Marseille-Curie East of France (LMCE)3 strategy. After induction with the French Society of Pediatric Oncology NB87 regimen and surgery, patients who were in complete remission immediately proceeded to consolidation therapy with vincristine, melphalan, and fractionated total-body irradiation (VMT). All other patients underwent a postinduction strategy before VMT, either an additional megatherapy regimen or further chemotherapy with etoposide/carboplatin. RESULTS: The progression-free survival (PFS) is 29% at 7 years from diagnosis, which compares favorably with that of a similar cohort of 72 patients previously reported by our group (LMCE1; PFS of 20% at 5 years and 8% at 14 years, P =.004). In the multivariate analysis, only age younger than 3 years at diagnosis (P =.0085) and achievement of complete or very good partial remission after NB87 and surgery (P =.00024) remained significant. The PFS of the 87 patients who were included in the postinduction strategy was significantly better than that of the comparable 62 patients on the LMCE1 study (32% v 11% at 7 years; P =.005). CONCLUSION: The progressive improvements in the LMCE results over the last 10 years suggest that improvements in supportive care measures and increases in each component of this strategy (induction, postinduction, consolidation) may all contribute to increased survival rates.  (+info)