A new galloylglucoside from Cleyera ochnacea DC.
A new galloylglucoside, 3-hydroxy-5-methylphenol 1-O-beta-D-(6'-galloyl)glucopyranoside (1) was isolated from Cleyera ochnacea DC. (Theaceae). Its structure was elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral analysis. Compound 1 showed inhibitory activity against rat cerebellar nitric oxide synthase (NOS). (+info)
Methanol extracts of Stewartia koreana inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression by blocking NF-kappaB transactivation in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells.
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are involved in various pathophysiological processes such as inflammation and carcinogenesis. In a search for inhibitors of COX-2 and iNOS production we found that extracts of Stewartia koreana strongly inhibited NO and PGE2 production in LPS-treated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. We have now shown that the mRNA and protein levels of iNOS and COX-2 are reduced by the Stewartia koreana extract (SKE). SKE inhibited expression of an NF-kappaB reporter gene in response to LPS, and gel mobility shift assays revealed that SKE reduced NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity. The extract also inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation of IkappaB-alpha and nuclear translocation of p65. Administration of the extract reduced the symptoms of arthritis in a collagen-induced arthritic mouse model. These results indicate that Stewartia extracts contain potentially useful agents for preventing and treating inflammatory diseases. (+info)
Dietzia schimae sp. nov. and Dietzia cercidiphylli sp. nov., from surface-sterilized plant tissues.
A glycosidic spinasterol from Koreana stewartia promotes procollagen production and inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts.
Methanol extract of Koreana stewartia leaves (SKE) stimulated collagen production in ultraviolet-B (UVB)-irradiated human fibroblast cells. An active compound was isolated from SKE by successive partitioning and chromatography, and the chemical structure was determined to be 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylspinasterol (spinasterol-Glc) by spectroscopic characterization. Spinasterol-Glc increased collagen production in the supernatant of UVB-irradiated dermal fibroblast cell cultures in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of spinasteol-Glc on expression of procollagen and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) were further evaluated. We found that the compound stimulated collagen production in UVB-treated fibroblasts than in vehicle-treated control cells by about 3-fold. In addition, we also demonstrate that the compound increased the mRNA and protein levels of procollagen in UVB-treated fibroblast cells, while it inhibited expression of MMP-1. These results indicate that spinasterol-Glc protects fibroblast cells from the adverse effects of UV radiation via stimulation of procollagen synthesis as well as inhibition of MMP-1 expression. Spinasterol-Glc may be useful in the future development of therapeutic and cosmetic applications. (+info)
Isolation and characterization of EST-SSR markers in Schima mertensiana (Theaceae) using pyrosequencing technology.
Three new orcinol-conjugated hydrolysable tannins from the leaves of Cleyera japonica.
Three new orcinol (3-hydroxy-5-methylphenol)-conjugated hydrolysable tannins, together with two known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Cleyera japonica (CJ), and have been tentatively named cleyeratannin A (1), cleyeratannin B (2) and cleyeratannin C (3). The chemical structures of these compounds were elucidated using 1 dimensional (1D)/2D NMR and high resolution FAB-MS, and the absolute configuration was confirmed by circular dichroism (CD). To evaluate their anti-oxidative activities, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)/free radical scavenging activity and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT)/superoxide anion scavenging activity were determined. (+info)