Electronic imaging and clinical implementation: work group approach at Mayo Clinic, Rochester.
Electronic imaging clinical implementation strategies and principles need to be developed as we move toward replacement of film-based radiology practices. During an 8-month period (1998 to 1999), an Electronic Imaging Clinical Implementation Work Group (EICIWG) was formed from sections of our department: Informatics Lab, Finance Committee, Management Section, Regional Practice Group, as well as several organ and image modality sections of the Department of Diagnostic Radiology. This group was formed to study and implement policies and strategies regarding implementation of electronic imaging into our practice. The following clinical practice issues were identified as key focus areas: (1) optimal electronic worklist organization; (2) how and when to link images with reports; (3) how to redistribute technical and professional relative value units (RVU); (4) how to facilitate future practice changes within our department regarding physical location and work redistribution; and (5) how to integrate off-campus imaging into on-campus workflow. The EICIWG divided their efforts into two phases. Phase I consisted of Fact finding and review of current practice patterns and current economic models, as well as radiology consulting needs. Phase II involved the development of recommendations, policies, and strategies for reengineering the radiology department to maintain current practice goals and use electronic imaging to improve practice patterns. The EICIWG concluded that electronic images should only be released with a formal report, except in emergent situations. Electronic worklists should support and maintain the physical presence of radiologists in critical areas and direct imaging to targeted subspecialists when possible. Case tools should be developed and used in radiology and hospital information systems (RIS/HIS) to monitor a number of parameters, including professional and technical RVU data. As communication standards improve, proper staffing models must be developed to facilitate electronic on-campus and off-campus consultation. (+info)
Parlaying digital imaging and communications in medicine and open architecture to our advantage: the new Department of Defense picture archiving and communications system.
The Department of Defense (DoD) undertook a major systems specification, acquisition, and implementation project of multivendor picture archiving and communications system (PACS) and teleradiology systems during 1997 with deployment of the first systems in 1998. These systems differ from their DoD predecessor system in being multivendor in origin, specifying adherence to the developing Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) 3.0 standard and all of its service classes, emphasizing open architecture, using personal computer (PC) and web-based image viewing access, having radiologic telepresence over large geographic areas as a primary focus of implementation, and requiring bidirectional interfacing with the DoD hospital information system (HIS). The benefits and advantages to the military health-care system accrue through the enabling of a seamless implementation of a virtual radiology operational environment throughout this vast healthcare organization providing efficient general and subspecialty radiologic interpretive and consultative services for our medical beneficiaries to any healthcare provider, anywhere and at any time of the night or day. (+info)
Establishing radiologic image transmission via a transmission control protocol/Internet protocol network between two teaching hospitals in Houston.
The technical and management considerations necessary for the establishment of a network link between computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) networks of two geographically separated teaching hospitals are presented. The University of Texas Medical School at Houston Department of Radiology provides radiology residency training at its primary teaching hospital and at a second county-run hospital located approximately 12 miles away. A direct network link between the two hospitals was desired to permit timely consultative services to residents and professional colleagues. The network link was established by integrating the county hospital free-standing imaging network into the network infrastructure of the Medical School and the main teaching hospital. Technical issues involved in the integration were reassignment of internet protocol (IP) addresses, determination of data transmission protocol compatibilities, proof of connectivity and image transmission, transmission speeds and network loading, and management of the new network. These issues were resolved in a planned stepwise fashion and despite the fact that the system has a rate-limiting T1 segment between the county hospital and the teaching hospital the transmission speed was deemed suitable. The project has proven successful and can provide a guide for planning similar projects elsewhere. It has in fact made possible several new services for the teaching and research activities of the department's faculty and residents, which were not envisaged before the implementation of this connection. (+info)
Bridging the gap: linking a legacy hospital information system with a filmless radiology picture archiving and communications system within a nonhomogeneous environment.
A health level 7 (HL7)-conformant data link to exchange information between the mainframe hospital information system (HIS) of our hospital and our home-grown picture archiving and communications system (PACS) is a result of a collaborative effort between the HIS department and the PACS development team. Based of the ability to link examination requisitions and image studies, applications have been generated to optimise workflow and to improve the reliability and distribution of radiology information. Now, images can be routed to individual radiologists and clinicians; worklists facilitate radiology reporting; applications exist to create, edit, and view reports and images via the internet; and automated quality control now limits the incidence of "lost" cases and errors in image routing. By following the HL7 standard to develop the gateway to the legacy system, the development of a radiology information system for booking, reading, reporting, and billing remains universal and does not preclude the option to integrate off-the-shelf commercial products. (+info)
Seamless multiresolution display of portable wavelet-compressed images.
Image storage, display, and distribution have been difficult problems in radiology for many years. As improvements in technology have changed the nature of the storage and display media, demand for image portability, faster image acquisition, and flexible image distribution is driving the development of responsive systems. Technology, such as the wavelet-based multiresolution seamless image database (MrSID) portable image format (PIF), is enabling image management solutions that address the shifting "point-of-care." The MrSID PIF employs seamless, multiresolution technology, which allows the viewer to determine the size of the image to be viewed, as well as the position of the viewing area within the image dataset. In addition the MrSID PIF allows control of the compression ratio of decompressed images. This capability offers the advantage of very rapid image recall from storage devices and portability for rapid transmission and distribution using the internet or wide-area networks. For example, in teleradiology, the radiologist or other physician desiring to view images at a remote location has full flexibility in being able to choose a quick display of an overview image, a complete display of a full diagnostic quality image, or both without compromising communication bandwidth. The MrSID algorithm will satisfy Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000 standards, thereby being compatible with future versions of the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) standard for image data compression. (+info)
Radiologist-patient interactions: implications for picture archiving and communications systems and teleradiology.
We analyzed radiologist-patient interactions and found that radiologic examinations can be classified into three categories: those involving direct interaction of the radiologist with each patient, those involving interaction of the radiologist with some of the patients, and those that do not involve interaction between the radiologist and the patient. We then analyzed the staff assignments of a large academic radiology practice and a moderate-sized radiology department. Both departments include a full range of inpatient and outpatient procedures. We concluded that about 50% of the radiologists in these practices could interpret examinations at a location independent of the site where the examination was performed. This type of analysis can be helpful in planning for the reengineering of radiology processes following implementation of picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) and teleradiology. (+info)
Teleradiology in the operating room of the future.
Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are rapidly making this modality the imaging method of choice for image-guided neurosurgical operations. However, to be ready for its prime time in the operating room (OR), utilization of MRI in the OR requires development of better techniques for image-guided navigation, as well as interactive real-time teleradiologic methods that will allow tele-collaboration between the surgeon and the radiologist. This presentation describes our work in progress toward achievement of teleradiology in the OR. (+info)
Patterns of use and satisfaction with a university-based teleradiology system.
The Radiology Department at the University of Arizona has been operating a teleradiology program for almost 2 years. The goal of this project was to characterize the types of cases reviewed, to assess radiologists' satisfaction with the program, and to examine case turnaround times. On average, about 50 teleradiology cases are interpreted each month. Computed tomography (CT) cases are the most common type of case, constituting 65% of the total case volume. Average turnaround time (to generate a "wet read" once a case is received) is about 1.3 hours. Image quality was rated as generally good to excellent, and the user interface as generally good. Radiologists' confidence in their diagnostic decisions is about the same as reading films in the clinical environment. The most common reason for not being able to read teleradiology images is poor image quality, followed by lack of clinical history and not enough images. (+info)