Infection of the Teflon pledgets on the heart suture line after left ventricular aneurysm repair, presenting late with a fistulous tract connecting the heart with the skin (cardiocutaneous fistula) is an uncommon but potentially serious condition. The case is reported of a 73 year old man who developed a cardiocutaneous fistula extending through the left hemidiaphragm and draining at the abdominal wall, which developed six years after left ventricular aneurysmectomy. Following radiographic evaluation, which established the diagnosis, the Teflon pledgets and fistulous tract were successfully surgically removed. Prompt diagnosis depends on a high index of suspicion. Eradication of infection requires excision of infected material, which must be planned on an individual basis. (+info)
Surgical aspects and techniques of lung volume reduction surgery for severe emphysema.
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has become an accepted procedure for palliative treatment of diffuse, nonbullous emphysema. Single or multiple peripheral segmental wedge resections of the most destroyed areas of the lungs are performed with the use of stapling devices, in order to decrease hyperinflation and restore diaphragmatic function. Median sternotomy, videoendoscopy or anterior muscle sparing thoracotomies have been used as surgical approaches. The functional improvement after bilateral resections exceed those after a unilateral approach. LVRS has demonstrated its potential as an alternative to transplantation, and with growing experience, the indications for the procedure have been widened. In selected patients with peripheral lung cancer who have been considered unsuitable for a surgical resection, the combination of both tumour resection and LVRS has successfully been performed. In contrast to LVRS, laser surgery of the emphysematous lung has been abandoned in most institutions. (+info)
Stapled versus sutured closure of loop ileostomy: a randomized controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome after conventional sutured loop ileostomy closure with stapled ileostomy closure. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: A defunctioning loop ileostomy is now widely used in colorectal surgery. Subsequent closure may be associated with early complications, particularly bowel obstruction. The results of a preliminary nonrandomized study suggested that there was no significant difference in the rate of complications between sutured and stapled closure of loop ileostomy. METHODS: One hundred forty-one consecutive patients who underwent loop ileostomy between 1993 and 1998 were randomized before surgery to either sutured or stapled loop ileostomy closure. Seventy-one patients had stapled closure and 70 had sutured closure. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, original operation, duration after original operation, and level of operating surgeon. Postoperative bowel obstruction occurred in 10/70 (14%) patients after sutured closure compared with 2/71 (3%) patients after stapled closure. Subgroup analysis of ileostomy closure in patients having an ileal pouch showed no significant difference in bowel obstruction between stapled and sutured closure (2/30 vs. 7/29). The incidence of other complications, readmissions, and reoperations did not differ between the two groups. The stapled closure was only 4 minutes quicker than sutured closure. The mean total hospital stay tended to be shorter after the stapled closure than the sutured closure, but this did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Bowel obstruction occurred less frequently after stapled closure, but the mean hospital stay and readmission and reoperation rate did not significantly differ between the two groups. (+info)
Ileal pouch anal anastomosis without ileal diversion.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate continued experience with a one-stage stapled ileoanal pouch procedure without temporary ileostomy diversion. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Most centers perform colectomy, proctectomy, and ileal pouch anal anastomoses (IPAA) with a protective ileostomy. Following a previous report, the authors performed 126 additional stapled IPAA procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis, of which all but 2 were without an ileostomy. Outcomes in these patients question the need for temporary ileal diversion, with its complications and need for subsequent surgical closure. METHODS: Two hundred one patients underwent a stapled IPAA since May 1989, 192 as a one-stage procedure without ileostomy, and 1 with a concurrent Whipple procedure for duodenal adenocarcinoma. Patient charts were reviewed or patients were contacted by phone to evaluate their clinical status at least 1 year after their surgery. RESULTS: Among the patients who underwent the one-stage procedure, 178 had ulcerative colitis (38 fulminant), 5 had Crohn's disease (diagnosed after IPAA), 1 had indeterminate colitis, and 8 had familial adenomatous polyposis. The mean age was 38 +/- 7 (range 7--70) years; there were 98 male patients and 94 female patients. The average amount of diseased tissue between the dentate line and the anastomosis was 0.9 +/- 0.1 cm, with 35% of the anastomoses at the dentate line. With 89% follow-up at 1 year or more (mean 5.1 +/- 2.4 years) after surgery, the average 24-hour stool frequency was 7.1 +/- 3.3, of which 0.9 +/- 1.4 were at night. Daytime stool control was 95% and night-time control was 90%. Only 2.3% needed to wear a perineal pad. Average length of hospital stay was 10 +/- 0.3 days, with 1.5 +/- 0.5 days readmission for complications. Abscesses or enteric leaks occurred in 23 patients; IPAA function was excellent in 19 of these patients (2 have permanent ileostomies). In patients taking steroids, there was no significant difference in leak rate with duration of use (29 +/- 8 with vs. 22 +/- 2 months without leak) or dose (32 +/- 13 mg with vs. 35 +/- 3 mg without leak). Two (1%) patients died (myocardial infarction, mesenteric infarction). CONCLUSIONS: The triple-stapled IPAA without temporary ileal diversion has a relatively low complication rate and a low rate of small bowel obstruction, provides excellent fecal control, permits an early return to a functional life, and can be performed in morbidly obese and older patients. (+info)
Testing for anastomotic integrity after reversal of loop ileostomy.
A technique is described to test the integrity of the anastomosis formed during reversal of ileostomy intra-operatively and the early clinical results obtained using the technique. (+info)
Anastomosis of vessels less than 2 mm with the vascular clip system clip applier.
Sutures may cause endothelial trauma and occlusion. The vascular clip system (VCS) clip applier may minimize endothelial injury. Fourteen carotid arteries of nine adult rabbits were transected and re-anastomosed with either #7-0 polypropylene (Group I, n=8) or VCS clips (Group II, n=6). The animals were sacrificed at 1, 3, 8, 14, and 30 days postoperatively. The operation time and bleeding amount were checked for each anastomosis. Carotid angiograms, photography, H&E staining and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed. Fibrin and thrombus, inflammatory cell infiltration, endothelial disruption, luminal distortion, fibrosis, and wall thickening were compared. The luminal diameter was greater in group II. There were minimal differences in thrombosis, wall thickening and fibrosis between the two groups. However, fibrin, inflammatory cell infiltration, multinucleated giant cell formation, endothelial disruption, and luminal distortion were greater in group I. On SEM, group I showed trans-mural penetration. In contrast, group II showed suture margin eversion and no transmural penetration. Stenosis was greater in group I than in group II on carotid angiogram. The operation time was shorter in group II than in group I, i.e. 5+/-1.4 min vs. 11+/-3.8 min, respectively. The current data showed similar or superior results with VCS clips in comparison to conventional suturing with polypropylene. (+info)
Defunctioning loop ileostomy and stapled side-to-side closure has low morbidity.
INTRODUCTION: Low pelvic anastomoses are associated with a high leak rate. Therefore, defunctioning loop ileostomies are being increasingly fashioned to protect against the consequences of a leak. However, the reported complication rates of such stoma creation and closure is between 5.7-69%. AIMS: To determine the outcome associated with construction and side-to-side closure of loop ileostomies in one specialist unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from a computer audit and case note analysis. RESULTS: Between 1994 and 1998, 71 patients (41 M, 30 F) with a median age of 51 years (range 19-88 years) had a loop ileostomy constructed for: (i) 26 ileoanal pouches; (ii) 36 left colonic and rectal resections; and (iii) 9 for other reasons. Side-to-side stoma closure was achieved using a GIA linear stapler through a parastomal incision. The median hospital stay following stoma creation was 12 days (range 7-63 days) and stoma closure was 7 days (range 6-16 days). The median time to closure was 140 days (range 10-790 days). There were no ileostomy-related deaths. There were 10 (13.8%) ileostomy-related complications, 4 following creation and 6 following closure. CONCLUSIONS: Loop ileostomy is easy to create and close and is associated with a low morbidity. Therefore, we recommend a defunctioning ileostomy as a procedure of choice for temporary faecal diversion for complex colorectal surgery. (+info)
Circular stapling procedure for mucosal prolapse of the rectum associated with outlet obstruction.
The aim of this study was designed to investigate the outcome from using the new circular stapling device in the surgical treatment for mucosal prolapse of the rectum associated with outlet obstruction. The treatment consisted of resection of the mucosal prolapse through a transverse incision and resecting a suitable part of the mucosa between the rectum and the anal canal, using an HCS33 circular stapler. Eleven patients successfully underwent this operation without morbidity or mortality, and were assessed clinically and by rectoanal manometry and defecography pre- and post-operation. The mean operating time was 39 (range 22-49) min. The postoperative proctalgia and complications were mild, and the patients were discharged at 4 days after the operation. The pre-operative constipation was improved, and the patient's satisfaction was increased at one month after operation in comparison with the preoperative level. Rectoanal function test at 6 months after the operation demonstrated normalization of the maximum resting and squeezing pressures of the anal canal and rectal compliance to the normal levels. No patient has had recurrence of symptoms during the follow-up period. Our data suggest that this procedure may be a useful surgical treatment, as it causes little postoperative complication and enables early discharge of the patients. However, long-term outcomes of recurrence, continence, and constipation need to be evaluated in a more extended follow-up. (+info)