Spondyloptosis and multiple-level spondylolysis. (1/167)

An unusual case of a combination of multiple bilateral spondylolyses (L2, 3 and 4), spondylolisthesis at L3/4, spondyloptosis at L4/5 and sacralization of L5 in a teenage female is described. The patient had severely increasing lower back pain radiating to the left lower limb. Radiography identified the abnormalities and myelography revealed complete obstruction and compression of the thecal sac at the L4/5 level. The case was treated surgically by posterior decompression, corpectomy and fusion in a three-stage operation. The follow-up was extended to 2 years with no complications. No similar case has previously been reported.  (+info)

Cervical osteoarthropathy: an unusual cause of dysphagia. (2/167)

PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man complained of progressive dysphagia for solids associated with a sensation of foreign body in his throat for 2 years. A barium swallow showed a bridging osteophyte between C4 and C5 vertebrae indenting the oesophagus posteriorly and displacing it anteriorly. OUTCOME: He refused surgical intervention and was given dietary advice. After 6 months, his weight was steady and he was able to swallow semi-solid food without difficulty.  (+info)

Pitfalls and delay in the diagnosis of Pancoast tumour presenting in orthopaedic units. (3/167)

Pancoast tumours present a difficult and peculiar problem. Their clinical manifestations may be extrapulmonary. The underlying lesion may be missed in patients presenting with predominantly orthopaedic symptoms. We present four consecutive cases, which were referred to our clinic and the diagnosis was made with mean delay of 18.5 months from the beginning of symptoms.  (+info)

Association of transforming growth factor beta1 genotype with spinal osteophytosis in Japanese women. (4/167)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible relationship between a T-->C polymorphism at nucleotide position 29 of the transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) gene and genetic susceptibility to radiographic spinal osteophytosis. METHODS: A total of 540 postmenopausal Japanese women were subjected to radiography of the spine and determination of bone mineral density (BMD) for the lumbar spine and total body. Changes in lumbar intervertebral discs were examined in 67 individuals with either osteoporosis or spinal osteophytosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). TGFbeta1 genotype was determined with an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction assay. The serum concentration of TGFbeta1 was measured in 29 control subjects and in 36 patients with spinal osteophytosis. RESULTS: Among all study subjects, the prevalence of radiographic spinal osteophytosis in individuals with the CC genotype was greater than that in those with the TC or TT genotype. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, height, body weight, time since menopause, smoking status, body fat, lean mass, and either lumbar spine or total body BMD, demonstrated that the frequency of the C allele in subjects with spinal osteophytosis was significantly greater than that in those without this condition. Comparison among control, osteoporosis, and spinal osteophytosis groups also revealed that the C allele was more prevalent in subjects with osteophytosis than in controls, even after adjustment for BMD. In contrast, as previously shown, the frequency of the C allele was lower in osteoporosis patients than in controls. The intervertebral disc area and the ratio of disc area to vertebral body area, as determined by MRI, were also lowest in subjects with the CC genotype. The serum concentration of TGFbeta1 increased with the number of C alleles in both controls and patients with spinal osteophytosis. CONCLUSION: The T29-->C polymorphism of the TGFbeta1 gene exhibited inverse patterns of association with genetic susceptibility to spinal osteophytosis and with osteoporosis. Although radiographic evaluation of osteophytes might not reflect the actual disease severity, the C allele, which protects against osteoporosis, may be a risk factor for genetic susceptibility to spinal osteophytosis.  (+info)

Tricortical cervical inter-body screw fixation. (5/167)

A new tricortical method of screw implantation for anterior cervical interbody plate fixation is described. The screws are placed obliquely such that they engage the anterior cortex of the body and traverse through the cortices adjoining the disc space. By this method the screws not only hold the plate firmly with a tricortical purchase, but by virtue of their course stabilize the two adjoining vertebral bodies by themselves. Sixteen patients were treated by this method. In three of these cases only tricortical screws without the metal plate were used for fixation. The advantages of the technique are discussed.  (+info)

Changes in the loads on an internal spinal fixator after iliac-crest autograft. (6/167)

Spines are often stabilised posteriorly by internal fixation and anteriorly by a bone graft. The effect of an autologous bone graft from the iliac crest on implant loads is unknown. We used an internal spinal fixation device with telemetry to measure implant loads for several body positions and activities in nine patients before and after anterior interbody fusion. With the body upright, implant loads were often higher after than before fusion using a bone graft. Distraction of the bridged region led to high implant loads in patients with a fractured vertebra and to marked changes in load in those with degenerative instability. Leaving the lower of the bridged intervertebral discs intact led to only small changes in fixator load after anterior interbody fusion. A bone graft alone does not guarantee a reduction of implant loads.  (+info)

A case report of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis syndrome presenting with spondylodiscitis. (7/167)

SAPHO syndrome stands for synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis. The common site of skeletal lesions in this syndrome is the sternocostoclavicular area. Spondylodiscitis is rarely described in published studies. In general, skin lesions develop before the onset of skeletal lesions. We report a case of SAPHO syndrome in which spondylodiscitis developed more than 1 year before the onset of pustulosis.  (+info)

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. (8/167)

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. The aging process results in degenerative changes in the cervical spine that, in advanced stages, can cause compression of the spinal cord. Symptoms often develop insidiously and are characterized by neck stiffness, arm pain, numbness in the hands, and weakness of the hands and legs. The differential diagnosis includes any condition that can result in myelopathy, such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and masses (such as metastatic tumors) that press on the spinal cord. The diagnosis is confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging that shows narrowing of the spinal canal caused by osteophytes, herniated discs and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy. Choice of treatment remains controversial, surgical procedures designed to decompress the spinal cord and, in some cases, stabilize the spine are successful in many patients.  (+info)