A 12-year-old boy presented with right visual disturbance. Skull radiography and computed tomography (CT) showed an irregular deformity of the sella turcica, hypertrophic change of the dorsum sellae, and an inhomogeneously calcified mass in the sella turcica. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated the mass lesion filled the hypophyseal fossa, and extended to the dorsum sellae, right cavernous sinus, and right suprasellar region. The Dolenc pterional combined epidural and subdural approach was carried out. The histological diagnosis was chondroma. Sellar chondroma requires relief of the compression to the chiasm or optic nerve as soon as possible, so partial resection can still be beneficial. However, follow-up MR imaging or CT, visual examination, and control of pituitary dysfunction are required after the operation. (+info)
Skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma--three case reports.
Three cases of skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma were treated. The metastatic lesion was located at the midline of the skull above the superior sagittal sinus in all cases. Surgery was performed in two patients with solitary skull lesions involving short segments of the superior sagittal sinus without remarkable systemic metastasis, resulting in good outcome. The third patient had extensive, multiple tumors involving the superior sagittal sinus which could not be excised, and died due to intracranial hypertension. The surgical indication for skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma depends on the location and length of the involved superior sagittal sinus, and general condition. (+info)
Multimodality management of a case of primary osteogenic sarcoma of the zygoma.
Craniofacial osteogenic sarcomas are rare primary malignant bone tumors and very few cases involving zygomatic bone were reported in literature. We present our experience of multimodality management of a case of primary osteogenic sarcoma of zygoma. Wide radical excision of the tumor including the parotid gland was done followed by three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy and fifty Gy of external radiotherapy. The patient is disease-free at two years follow-up. Till 1970s, craniofacial osteogenic sarcomas were managed mainly by radical surgery with a high local failure rate. With the advances made in the field of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, multimodality therapy is playing a major role in the treatment of these aggressive tumors with better overall and disease-free survival. (+info)
A heterotopic cerebellum presenting as a suprasellar mass with associated nasopharyngeal teratoma.
We present a case of nasopharyngeal teratoma that was discovered in association with a suprasellar heterotopic cerebellum in a newborn. Well-differentiated, heterotopic, cerebellar masses have been reported in the orbits, spine, and frontal encephalocele but not, to our knowledge, in the suprasellar region. In this report, we describe the imaging findings and discuss the possible origins of the two masses discovered in this case. (+info)
Metastatic tumors in the sellar and parasellar regions: clinical review of four cases.
Metastatic tumors in the sellar and parasellar regions are uncommon and rarely detected in clinical practice. We present four cases of sellar and parasellar metastatic tumors, which metastasized from distant organ in one case and extended directly from adjacent structures in three. Common presenting symptoms were cranial neuropathies, headache and facial pain. Invasion into the cavernous sinus was noted in all cases. We report rare cases of sellar and parasellar metastases. Also, we should consider the possibility of metastasis in these regions for patients who showed the above clinical presentations in systemic cancer patients. In extensive diseases, transient symptomatic relief could be obtained by direct surgical management, even in restricted degree. (+info)
Ossifying fibroma in a llama.
A 4.5-year-old llama was admitted for evaluation of a firm mass rostral and ventral to the medial canthus of the left eye. Mucopurulent nasal discharge and absence of airflow through the left nostril were noted. Radiographs of the skull revealed a sharply demarcated soft tissue mass with faint mineralization. Endoscopy of the nasal passages revealed a mucosa-covered mass originating in the area of the second premolar, extending to the edge of the soft palate, and obstructing the airway. Examination of the oral cavity revealed a missing second molar and a mass protruding 2-cm from the empty alveolus. An ossifying fibroma, a previously unreported tumor in llamas, was diagnosed at postmortem examination. (+info)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor involving the pterygopalatine fossa.
SUMMARY: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) comprise a rare group of lesions characterized histologically by acute and chronic inflammatory cells with a variable degree of fibrous stroma. Occurrence in the extracranial head and neck in children is unusual, and involvement in the pterygopalatine fossa has not, to our knowledge, been reported as occurring in this age group. We present the CT findings of an IMT of the pterygopalatine fossa in a 6-year-old female patient with a 2-week history of fever and a painless swelling of the left cheek. The diagnosis of IMT should be included in the differential diagnosis of a child presenting with an aggressive mass associated with systemic features such as fever, elevated sedimentation rate, and leukocytosis. (+info)
Hemangioendothelioma of the temporal bone with radiologic findings resembling hemangioma.
SUMMARY: Hemangioendotheliomas are rare vascular tumors that can affect bone. They account for 0.5% to 1.0% of malignant primary bone tumors. Only four cases have been reported involving the temporal bone. A 5-year-old child with grade II hemangioendothelioma of the right temporal bone is presented, and the radiologic findings on different imaging studies are described. The patient was treated with preoperative endovascular embolization followed by wide surgical resection. The imaging patterns of this malignant tumor may be similar to those of a benign lesion. (+info)