Quality of life associated with varying degrees of chronic lower limb ischaemia: comparison with a healthy sample.
OBJECTIVES: To assess quality of life in patients with varying degrees of ischaemia in comparison with controls, and to determine whether the degree of lower limb ischaemia and sense of coherence were associated with quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 168 patients, including 93 claudicants and 75 patients with critical ischaemia and 102 controls were studied. Quality of life was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile in addition to the Sense of Coherence scale. MAIN RESULTS: Patients with lower limb ischaemia scored significantly reduced quality of life in all aspects compared to controls. Pain, physical mobility and emotional reactions were the significant independent factors when using logistic regression analysis. The grade of disease and low sense of coherence were significantly associated with low quality of life. Increasing lower limb ischaemia significantly conferred worse pain, sleeping disturbances and immobility. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the quality of life was impaired among patients with lower limb ischaemia, in all investigated respects. The degree to which quality of life was affected seems to represent an interplay between the grade of ischaemia and the patient's sense of coherence. This suggests the need for a multidimensional assessment prior to intervention. (+info)
Quality of life in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Quality of life is an important determinant of the effectiveness of health technologies, but it has rarely been assessed in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN). PATIENTS/METHODS: The non-disease specific sickness impact profile (SIP) and the disease specific inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ) were used on a cohort of 49 patients receiving HPN, and the results compared with those for 36 non-HPN patients with either anatomical (<200 cm) or functional (faecal energy excretion >2.0 MJ/day (approximately 488 kcal/day)) short bowel. RESULTS: In the HPN patients the SIP scores were worse (higher) overall (17 (13)% v 8 (9)%) and with regard to physical (13 (15)% v 5 (8)%) and psychosocial (14 (12)% v 9 (11)%) dimensions and independent categories (20 (12)% v 9 (8)%) compared with the non-HPN patients (means (SD); all p<0.001). The IBDQ scores were worse (lower) in the HPN patients overall (5.0 (4.3-5.7) v 5.6 (4.8-6.2)) and with regard to systemic symptoms (3.8 (2.8-5.4) v 5.2 (3.9-5.9)) and emotional (5.3 (4.4-6.2) v 5.8 (5.4-6.4)) and social (4.3 (3.4-5. 5) v 4.8 (4.5-5.8)) function (median (25-75%); all p<0.05), but only tended to be worse with regard to bowel symptoms (5.2 (4.8-6.1) v 5.7 (4.9-6.4), p = 0.08). HPN also reduced quality of life in patients with a stoma, whereas a stoma did not reduce quality of life among the non-HPN patients. Female HPN patients and HPN patients older than 45 scored worse. CONCLUSION: Quality of life is reduced in patients on HPN compared with those with anatomical or functional short bowel not receiving HPN, and compares with that reported for patients with chronic renal failure treated by dialysis. (+info)
Correlation of quality of life with clinical symptoms and signs at the time of glaucoma diagnosis.
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between clinical measures of visual function and patient-reported measures of symptoms and health status in a large cohort of glaucoma patients at the time of diagnosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The 607 patients in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS) received standardized examinations of visual acuity and visual field at enrollment. In addition, they completed a health-related quality-of-life instrument, which included the Visual Activities Questionnaire (VAQ), Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), a symptom and a comorbidity chart, a question about their degree of worry about becoming blind, and many other items. RESULTS: The SIP total and dimension scores correlated only weakly, and not significantly, with visual acuity and visual field measures. The VAQ total and subscale scores, particularly the peripheral vision subscale, correlated weakly and significantly with visual acuity and visual field scores, especially those from the better eye. Worry about blindness and symptoms attributed to glaucoma correlated weakly but significantly to visual field scores from the worse eye. Attempts to improve correlations by scoring the visual fields differently, including only paracentral and pericentral test locations in the scores, and simulating binocular visual field scores were largely unsuccessful. CONCLUSIONS: At diagnosis, most patients were relatively free of glaucoma-induced impairments, so clinical measures were poor predictors of a patient's perception of health-related quality of life. The vision-specific VAQ and glaucoma-related symptom score correlated better than the generic SIP with clinical measures at the time of enrollment into CIGTS. (+info)
The relation between funding by the National Institutes of Health and the burden of disease.
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine has proposed that the amount of disease-specific research funding provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) be systematically and consistently compared with the burden of disease for society. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study comparing estimates of disease-specific funding in 1996 with data on six measures of the burden of disease. The measures were total mortality, years of life lost, and number of hospital days in 1994 and incidence, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life-years (one disability-adjusted life-year is defined as the loss of one year of healthy life to disease) in 1990. With the use of these measures as explanatory variables in a regression analysis, predicted funding was calculated and compared with actual funding. RESULTS: There was no relation between the amount of NIH funding and the incidence, prevalence, or number of hospital days attributed to each condition or disease (P=0.82, P=0.23, and P=0.21, respectively). The numbers of deaths (r=0.40, P=0.03) and years of life lost (r=0.42, P=0.02) were weakly associated with funding, whereas the number of disability-adjusted life-years was strongly predictive of funding (r=0.62, P<0.001). When the latter three measures were used to predict expected funding, the conclusions about the appropriateness of funding for some diseases varied according to the measure used. However, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, breast cancer, diabetes mellitus, and dementia all received relatively generous funding, regardless of which measure was used as the basis for calculating support. Research on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, perinatal conditions, and peptic ulcer was relatively underfunded. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of NIH funding for research on a disease is associated with the burden of the disease; however, different measures of the burden of disease may yield different conclusions about the appropriateness of disease-specific funding levels. (+info)
Measuring the impact of Parkinson's disease with the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life questionnaire.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life (PDQL) questionnaire, a patient-specific multi-dimensional quality of life measure, in a community-based sample of patients with Parkinson's disease (PI)) using standardized measures of disease severity, depressive symptomatology and cognitive function. DESIGN: A group of 194 patients with probable PD were randomly selected from a community-based register and were invited to self-complete the 37-item PDQL. Disease severity was measured by the disease-specific Webster scale, cognition by the CAMCOG neuropsychological test and depressive symptomatology by the self-report 15-item GDS-15 geriatric depression scale. RESULTS: A total of 136 patients returned completed PDQL questionnaires. Significant differences (P < 0.05) emerged between the pooled PDQL score of patients grouped on the basis of disease severity. Depressive symptoms and cognition were also associated with poorer perceived quality of life as measured by the PDQL. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study are indicative of the validity of the PDQL as an important additional measurement which reflects the impact of PD from the patient perspective. It shows poorer quality of life to be associated with increasing age, disease severity more severe depressive symptomatology and impaired cognitive functioning. However, the responsiveness of this instrument in the evaluation of care in PD remains to be determined. (+info)
Factors related to impairment of activities of daily living.
OBJECTIVE: We examined the factors related to the impairment of activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: ADL was evaluated by using ADL-20, which consists of 20 items from 4 major categories of activities; mobility, self-care, instrumental, and communication. The patients' gender, birth date, clinical diagnosis, past history, life styles, physical findings, laboratory data, and details of therapy were also recorded. Patients A total of 1,163 outpatients aged 50 years or older were included. Data from 1,093 patients were analyzed. RESULTS: We divided the subjects into two groups; Group I having full marks of ADL-20 (n=582) and group II exhibiting an impairment of ADL (n=511). Multiple logistic analysis revealed that in both sexes age and stroke were common independent factors related to the impairment of ADL. Other factors associated with impairment of ADL were smoking in men and presence of proteinuria in women. The presence of hyperlipidemia was associated with preservation of the ADL in women. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated significant associations of smoking in men and the presence of proteinuria in women with the impairment of ADL in elderly Japanese outpatients. There appears to be a sex difference in the risk factors of impairment of ADL. (+info)
Aspects of certainty in patient classification using a health-related quality-of-life instrument in inflammatory bowel disease.
The study has focused on deriving a certainty measure for the classification of disease activity in patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim is to build an Internet-based health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire to continuously monitor a patient's condition. Data from 109 patients was collected four times in intervals of three months, using a standardized disease-specific quality-of-life questionnaire, the Rating Form of IBD Patient Concern (RFIPC), extended with 11 additional questions. Correlation analysis showed that the RFIPC items along with "general wellbeing" were highly correlated (significance < 0.001). Factor analysis confirmed this high correlation and only one factor was identified among those variables. Multivariate discriminant analysis was successful to 78.1% in classifying between cases of remission and relapse. Implementation of a smooth threshold function decreased the classification error. However, discrimination regarding change in disease activity over time has to be further improved. (+info)
Importance-satisfaction discrepancies are associated with health-related quality of life in five-year survivors of endocrine gastrointestinal tumours.
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the health-related-quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with endocrine gastrointestinal tumours. In this study, HRQoL was investigated in long-term survivors of endocrine GI tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire including the EORTC QLQ-C30 and ratings of importance of and satisfaction with a variety of HRQoL aspects was mailed to patients with carcinoid tumours (n = 64), or endocrine pancreatic tumours (EPT, n = 55). Median time since diagnosis was 120 months (range 60-360). The majority of patients (77 of 119) had ongoing treatment. RESULTS: The EORTC QLQ-C30 ratings suggest that in spite of a long disease duration and treatment, patients perceived their HRQoL as relatively good. There were no major differences in HRQoL ratings between patients with carcinoid tumours and those with EPT. Patients whose ratings of importance was higher than their ratings of satisfaction with a specific HRQoL aspect also evidenced a low HRQoL for that aspect. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that survivors of endocrine GI tumours enjoy a relatively good HRQoL and suggest that importance > satisfaction discrepancies identify patients with a low quality of life. (+info)