OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, significance, and anatomy of spermatic cord and round ligament lipomas. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 280 hernia repairs on 217 patients performed by a single surgeon (M.E.A.) from January 1996 to January 2000. The incidence of cord lipoma and relationship to inguinal hernia were evaluated. Further, when identified at the time of laparoscopic preperitoneal hernia repair, the anatomy of the lipomas was studied both at the time of surgery and again on review of videotapes. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-nine laparoscopic and 81 open inguinal hernia repairs were performed on 192 male patients and 25 female patients. Sixty-three lipomas of the cord were identified for an incidence of 22.5%. Overall, 18 cord lipomas were found in groins without hernias, and these were identified before surgery in 10 (2 by physical examination, 7 by groin ultrasound, and 1 by magnetic resonance imaging). The remaining nine were misidentified as a hernia before surgery. Fourteen of these patients presented with groin pain and four were asymptomatic. Forty-five lipomas were associated with hernias and were characterized as a hernia by examination in 43 instances. There were 32 (51%) cord lipomas associated with indirect hernias, 11 (17%) with direct hernias, and 1 each with pantaloon and femoral hernias. Nine lipomas were found in women, seven presenting with groin pain and six found without an associated peritoneal defect. Two patients presented with symptomatic cord lipomas after laparoscopic hernia repair. A lipoma of the cord is herniated fat that appears to originate from the retroperitoneal fat outside and posterior to the internal spermatic fascia and protrudes through the internal ring lateral to the cord. They are generally not visible by transperitoneal inspection unless manually reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Lipomas of the cord and round ligament occur with a significant incidence. They can cause hernia-type symptoms in the absence of a true hernia (associated with a peritoneal defect). They should be considered in the patient with groin pain and normal examination results. They can be easily overlooked at the time of laparoscopic hernia repair, and this can lead to an unsatisfactory result. (+info)
Endometriosis of the inguinal canal mimicking a hernia.
We report a 37-year-old Chinese woman who presented with a groin lump associated with constant and non-catamenial pain. Ultrasonography was suggestive of an inguinal hernia. Intraoperatively, an endometriotic lump with no laparoscopical evidence of endometriosis in the abdominopelvic region was found. Isolated endometriotic lesions in the inguinal canal is a rare occurrence. Surgeons, however, should consider this diagnosis in women of reproductive age who present with a painful groin lump. (+info)
Round ligament varices: sonographic appearance in pregnancy.
Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumour of the round ligament mimics leiomyoma on computed tomography.
We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who had a palpable mass in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen. Computed tomography (CT) showed a circumscribed mass in the left round ligament of the uterus. The mass had heterogeneous density and enhancement accompanied by mottled calcification, which was initially identified as a leiomyoma. A histopathological examination revealed a malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumour (PEComa), which is a rare soft tissue tumour. This case demonstrates that the appearance of malignant PEComa on the CT can mimic leiomyoma, which is the most common tumour of the round ligament. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a CT appearance of this round ligament tumour. The radiological features and differential diagnosis are discussed. (+info)
Mesothelial cyst of the round ligament mimicking a metastasis: a case report.
Exposure during pancreatic surgery. Do we have to examine the falciform and round ligaments for pancreatic cancer metastasis?
CONTEXT: Metastatic and locally advanced disease is unfortunately a common clinical occurrence in patients affected by pancreatic cancer. The most frequent sites of metastasis are the liver and the peritoneal lining. The falciform and round ligaments are routinely resected and sent for pathology, but no metastases have ever been reported. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we assess whether the falciform and round ligaments are possible sites for metastases and if routine pathology examination of these structures is justified. DESIGN: Retrospective, single institution study. PATIENTS: The charts of all patients who underwent pancreatic resection from June 2005 through January 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Data on age, gender, type of operation performed, preoperative CA 19-9 levels, vascular and perineural invasion, tumor differentiation and pathological staging were retrieved from the hospital electronic data base. Only patients with malignant lesions of the pancreas were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of pancreatic metastasis in the falciform and round ligaments. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were included in the study. Forty patients had undergone pancreaticoduodenectomies, 10 subtotal pancreatectomies, 2 total pancreatectomies, and 1 distal pancreatectomy. Four patients had exploratory laparotomy but exploration revealed stage III or IV disease, thus the planned resection was not carried out. The falciform and round ligaments were all negative for metastasis in all patients. DISCUSSION: Metastatic progression of pancreatic cancer is poorly understood. Theoretically, metastases to the falciform and round ligaments could occur by either contiguous, hematogenic or lymphatic spread. In our study, none of the patients had metastases to the falciform and round ligaments, regardless of the pathological staging. CONCLUSION: We concluded that routine pathological examination of the falciform and round ligaments is not justified if the surgeon elects to remove the structures for ease of exploration and retraction during surgery. This may lighten the workload and reduce costs in a busy pathology laboratory. (+info)
Laparoscopic hysteropexy in a patient with spina bifida and ventriculoperitoneal shunt.