Chronic intermittent diarrhea in a 14-month-old Abyssinian cat.
A 14-month-old intact, female Abyssinian cat was presented for chronic intermittent diarrhea and bilateral enlargement of the mammary glands. Gastrointestinal coccidiosis was diagnosed; therapy with sulfadi-methoxine was unsuccessful in the elimination of Isospora felis and clinical signs. Infection with Tritrichomonas foetus was diagnosed by fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and successfully treated with ronidazole and dietary modification. (+info)
Ronidazole toxicosis in 3 society finches (Lonchura striata).
Minimal inhibitory concentrations of five antimicrobials against Treponema hyodysenteriae and Treponema innocens.
The minimal inhibitory concentrations of carbadox, dimetridazole, lincomycin, ronidazole, and tiamulin against isolates of Treponema hyodysenteriae and Treponema innocens were determined by an agar-dilution method. The results obtained indicated that tiamulin was the most effective antimicrobial in vitro against T. hyodysenteriae, followed by carbadox. Dimetridazole, lincomycin, and ronidazole had poor efficacy in vitro against the T. hyodysenteriae isolates. Isolates of T. innocens were more sensitive to the various antimicrobials. Carbadox and tiamulin were the most effective in vitro, followed by ronidazole, dimetridazole, and lincomycin. (+info)
Determination of dimetridazole, metronidazole and ronidazole in salmon and honey by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry.
A liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to determine the residues of dimetridazole (DMZ), metronidazole (MNZ) and ronidazole (RNZ) in salmon and honey. These compounds were extracted with ethyl acetate from samples and cleaned up using a silica solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge. These compounds were determined by reversed-phase LC using a C18 column with distilled water-methanol as the mobile phase, and MS detection in the positive mode by applying selected reaction monitoring (SRM). DMZ-d(3), MNZ-(13)C(2),(15)N(2) and RNZ-d(3) were used as internal standards. The method was validated in salmon and honey spiked with these compounds at 0.4-2 microg/kg, and average recoveries were in the range of 91.2-107.0%. Repeatability was 1.7-17.1% and intermediate precision was less than 20%. The detection limits of DMZ, MNZ and RNZ in salmon and honey were 0.05-0.2 microg/kg. The method was applied to 3 salmon and 20 honey samples. The concentrations of these compounds in all samples were lower than the detection limits established by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan. (+info)
Efficacy of ronidazole for treatment of cats experimentally infected with a Korean isolate of Tritrichomonas foetus.
Probable elimination of swine dysentery after feeding ronidazole, carbadox or lincomycin and verification by feeding sodium arsanilate.
Swine dysentery did not recur during a nine week period after withdrawal of medication in swine fed ronidazole at a level of 60 parts per million of feed for ten weeks or fed either carbadox at 55 ppm or lincomycin at 110 ppm of feed for six weeks. During this period swine dysentery was neither transmitted to accompanying sentinels after the withdrawal of the above medication or was Treponema hyodysenteriae isolated and cultured or observed in stained smears from rectal swabs and feces or from colonic scrapings at necropsy. Beginning three weeks after the withdrawal of medication, all swine were fed sodium arsanilate at a concentration of 220 ppm of feed for three weeks in an attempt to excite the carrier of swine dysentery into developing a swine dysentery diarrhea. A swine dysentery diarrhea did recur during the feeding of sodium arsanilate in swine previously fed ronidazole at a level of 60 ppm of feed for only six weeks. It was concluded: that swine dysentery was probably eliminated with the feeding of ronidazole for the longer duration and with the feeding of carbadox and lincomycin and that sodium arsanilate was of value in identifying the carrier state. (+info)
Susceptibility of Encephalitozoon cuniculi to several drugs in vitro.
In the light of the increased incidence of human Encephalitozoon infections and the absence of an established treatment protocol, a simple in vitro testing method to compare activities of drugs against Encephalitozoon cuniculi was developed. With this in vitro method, the 50% inhibitory concentrations of fumagillin, thiabendazole, albendazole, oxibendazole, and propamidine isethionate for E. cuniculi in rabbit kidney cells were determined. Itraconazole, toltrazuril, metronidazole, ronidazole, and ganciclovir were ineffective in this testing system. (+info)
Typhlitis caused by intestinal Serpulina-like bacteria in domestic guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus).
Between January 1992 and December 1996, Serpulina-like bacteria were demonstrated in intestinal tract lesions from 37 of 88 guinea pigs submitted to the University of Ghent in Ghent, Belgium, for necropsy because of disease and death from different unknown causes. All infected animals had a history of sudden death with minimal introductory clinical signs. Occasionally, they produced yellow, slimy feces or showed nervous signs, but the condition always had a fatal outcome within 24 h. When larger colonies of guinea pigs were involved, the disease spread very rapidly unless treatment with ronidazole was initiated. Lesions consisted of a catarrhal or hemorrhagic inflammation of the colon and cecum (typhlitis). Electron microscopy demonstrated the presence of large numbers of Serpulina-like organisms adhering to the cecal mucosae of these animals. Attempts to isolate the agents failed. The organisms did not stain by an immunofluorescence technique for the detection of Serpulina hyodysenteriae. The present data provide evidence that intestinal Serpulina-like organisms can be important as a cause of disease in guinea pigs. (+info)