Rhodium(I)-catalyzed allenic carbocyclization reaction affording delta- and epsilon-lactams. (49/243)

This letter extends the scope of the rhodium(I)-catalyzed allenic Alder-ene carbocyclization reaction to the preparation of delta- and epsilon-lactams from amides. A variety of allenic propiolamides were cycloisomerized to give a number of unsaturated delta-lactams. In addition, allenic propargylamides give good yields of the corresponding epsilon-lactams. Formation of lactams possessing these ring sizes has rarely been accomplished via transition-metal-catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming strategies. Thus, this approach provides an alternative strategy for synthesizing these substructures. [reaction: see text].  (+info)

Highly efficient synthesis of azabicyclo[x.y.0]alkane amino acids and congeners by means of Rh-catalyzed cyclohydrocarbonylation. (50/243)

A highly efficient method for the synthesis of 1-azabicyclo[x.y.0]alkane amino acid derivatives and their congeners by means of extremely regioselective cyclohydrocarbonylation (CHC) is described. The CHC reactions are catalyzed by Rh-BIPHEPHOS complex under mild conditions. These CHC reaction processes involve (i) an extremely linear-selective hydroformylation of the terminal alkene moiety of a dehydrodipeptide substrate, (ii) intramolecular condensation to form cyclic N-acyliminium key intermediate, and (iii) the second cyclization through intramolecular nucleophilic addition of a heteoatom nucleophile to the cyclic N-acyliminium moiety to afford the corresponding 1-azabicyclo[x.y.0] system. This consecutive double cyclization process proceeds with extremely high diastereoselectivity in most cases. This method has been successfully applied to the syntheses of 1-azabicyclo[4.4.0], -[5.4.0], and -[4.3.0] systems. The mechanisms of the reactions and the rationale for the observed extremely high diastereoselectivity are presented. This Rh-catalyzed CHC process would serve as a highly efficient and versatile method for the syntheses of a variety of conformationally restrained dipeptides, peptidomimetics, alkaloids, and other biologically active natural or unnatural products.  (+info)

DNA base mismatch detection with bulky rhodium intercalators: synthesis and applications. (51/243)

This protocol describes the syntheses and applications of two metallointercalators, Rh(bpy)2(chrysi)3+ and Rh(bpy)2(phzi)3+, that target single base mismatches in DNA. The complexes bind mismatched DNA sites specifically and, upon photoactivation, promote strand scission neighboring the mismatch. Owing to their high specificity and sequence context independence, targeting mismatches with these complexes offers an attractive alternative to current mismatch- and SNP-detection methodologies. This protocol also describes the synthesis of these complexes and their use in marking mismatched sites. Irradiation of 32P-labeled duplex DNA with either intercalator followed by denaturing PAGE allows the detection of mismatches in oligonucleotides. The protocol also outlines a method for efficient detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in larger genes or plasmids. Pooled genes are denatured and re-annealed to form heteroduplexes; they are then incubated with either complex, irradiated and analyzed using capillary electrophoresis to probe for mismatches (SNP sites). The synthesis of the metallointercalators requires approximately 5-7 d. The mismatch- and SNP-detection experiments each require approximately 3 d.  (+info)

Synthesis of (+/-)-3H-epivincamine via a Rh(II)-triggered cyclization/cycloaddition cascade. (52/243)

A synthesis of (+/-)-3H-epivincamine is reported. Important steps include (1) a Rh(II)-catalyzed intramolecular [3+2]-cycloaddition of an alpha-diazo indolo amide, (2) a reductive ring opening of the cycloadduct, (3) a decarboethoxylation reaction, and (4) a base-induced keto-amide ring contraction.  (+info)

Enantioselective synthesis of pachastrissamine (jaspin B) using dirhodium(II)-catalyzed C-H amination and asymmetric dihydroxylation as key steps. (53/243)

Enantioselective total synthesis of anhydrophytosphingosine pachastrissamine (jaspin B) was achieved using Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation and dirhodium(II)-catalyzed C-H amination as key steps.  (+info)

Dirhodium(II)-catalyzed C-H amination reaction of (S)-3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-2-methylpropyl carbamate: a facile preparation of optically active monoprotected 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol. (54/243)

Dirhodium(II)-catalyzed C-H amination reaction of (S)-3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-2-methylpropyl carbamate, which was easily prepared from methyl (S)-2-methyl-3-hydroxypropanoate, proceeded more smoothly than those of their 2-(methoxycarbonyl)propyl derivative to give the corresponding oxazolidinone in excellent yield. The resulting oxazolidinone was converted efficiently into both (R)-monoprotected and (S)-monoprotected 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediols.  (+info)

Asymmetric synthesis of the epimeric (3S)-3-((E)-hex-1-enyl)-2-methylcyclohexanones. (55/243)

The asymmetric rhodium-catalysed 1,4-addition of alkenylzirconium reagents to 2-cyclohexenone can be useful in the synthesis of 3-alkenyl-2-methylcyclohexanones, provided that formaldehyde is used in trapping the intermediate zirconium enolates. In this manner a four-step sequence leading to the two epimeric 3-hexenyl-2-methylcyclohexanones in enantiomeric form was developed.  (+info)

Insertion of a bulky rhodium complex into a DNA cytosine-cytosine mismatch: an NMR solution study. (56/243)

The bulky octahedral complex Rh(bpy)2chrysi3+ (chrysi = 5,6-chrysenequinonediimine) binds single-base mismatches in a DNA duplex with micromolar binding affinities and high selectivity. Here we present an NMR solution study to characterize the binding mode of this bulky metal complex with its target CC mismatch in the oligonucleotide duplex (5'-CGGACTCCG-3')2. Both NOESY and COSY studies indicate that Rh(bpy)2chrysi3+ inserts deeply in the DNA at the mismatch site via the minor groove and with ejection of both destabilized cytosines into the opposite major groove. The insertion only minimally distorts the conformation of the oligonucleotide local to the binding site. Both flanking, well-matched base pairs remain tightly hydrogen-bonded to each other, and 2D DQF-COSY experiments indicate that all sugars maintain their original C2'-endo conformation. Remarkably, 31P NMR reveals that opening of the phosphate angles from a BI to a BII conformation is sufficient for insertion of the bulky metal complex. These results corroborate those obtained crystallographically and, importantly, provide structural evidence for this specific insertion mode in solution.  (+info)