Bringing a virtual library to a small group classroom.
A small group case discussion class would seem to be the ideal setting for a virtual library. Two courses at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine were observed. One hour of observation was of groups with no computer available, one hour of groups with a computer available "incidentally", and two hours of groups with computer integrated case material. Across all groups, at least one student was using a reference source (paper or computer) 55% of the time. In a room with no computer, paper references were used 59% of the time. In a room with a computer, references were used 53% of the time (18% computer only, 13% paper only, 22% both). While the amount of data is insufficient for detecting statistically significant difference, this study does provide important baseline data not previously available concerning reference use behavior for electronic and paper sources. (+info)
Construction of a virtual EPR and automated contextual linkage to multiple sources of support information on the Oxford Clinical Intranet.
We have used internet-standard tools to provide access for clinicians to the components of the electronic patient record held on multiple remote disparate systems. Through the same interface we have provided access to multiple knowledgebases, some written locally and others published elsewhere. We have developed linkage between these two types of information which removes the need for the user to drill down into each knowledgebase to search for relevant information. This approach may help in the implementation of evidence-based practice. The major problems appear to be semantic rather than technological. The intranet was developed at low cost and is now in routine use. This approach appears to be transferable across systems and organisations. (+info)
Circulation of core collection monographs in an academic medical library.
Academic medical librarians responsible for monograph acquisition face a challenging task. From the plethora of medical monographs published each year, academic medical librarians must select those most useful to their patrons. Unfortunately, none of the selection tools available to medical librarians are specifically intended to assist academic librarians with medical monograph selection. The few short core collection lists that are available are intended for use in the small hospital or internal medicine department library. As these are the only selection tools available, however, many academic medical librarians spend considerable time reviewing these collection lists and place heavy emphasis on the acquisition of listed books. The study reported here was initiated to determine whether the circulation of listed books in an academic library justified the emphasis placed on the acquisition of these books. Circulation statistics for "listed" and "nonlisted" books in the hematology (WH) section of Indiana University School of Medicine's Ruth Lilly Medical Library were studied. The average circulation figures for listed books were nearly two times as high as the corresponding figures for the WH books in general. These data support the policies of those academic medical libraries that place a high priority on collection of listed books. (+info)
A medical book collection for physician assistants.
Selecting resources for physician assistants is challenging and can be overwhelming. Although several core lists exist for nursing, allied health, and medical libraries, judging the scope and level of these resources in relation to the information needs of the physician assistant is difficult. Medical texts can be highly specialized and very expensive, in essence, "overkill" for the needs of the physician assistant. This bibliography is meant to serve as a guide to appropriate medical texts for physician assistants. Titles were selected from the Brandon/Hill list, Doody's Electronic Journal, and various other reference resources. Resources were evaluated based on the subject and scope, audience, authorship, cost, and currency. The collection includes 195 titles from 33 specialty areas. Standard texts in each area are also included. (+info)
Presentation of problem-specific, text-based medical knowledge: XML and related technologies.
Systematic reviews of the impact of clinical decision support systems on provider behavior and patient outcome have shown evidence of benefit. Knowledge-based functions for decision support or monitoring that are integrated in clinical information systems are a potentially effective way. But these concepts are restricted by the efforts required for development and maintenance of the information systems and the limited number of implemented medical rules. Physicians are familiar to get their information from text-based sources. It seems to be straight-forward to rely on a document-based solution in order to present problem-specific information at the point of care. We have developed a concept for context-sensitive retrieving and presentation of text-based medical knowledge (textbook of internal medicine) using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) and related technologies. This concept can facilitate the electronic query and presentation of this resource. XML may replace narrative text as a storage format and allows to structure the data in a stepwise fashion. On the basis of structured data we are able to improve the search quality for clinical information and its presentation which forms a crucial pre-requisite for the use of the information and the implementation of evidence-based care in the clinical routine. (+info)
PDA support for outpatient clinical clerkships: mobile computing for medical education.
This project provides educational support for students enrolled in a family practice clerkship by supplying PDA-based clinical references and tools to collect information about the patients they see and the seminars they attend. Each student is supplied with a Handspring Visor Deluxe to use during the clerkship. Supplied software includes a clinical reference (Five Minute Clinical Consult) and Lexidrugs drug reference and a medical calculator. The data collection software consists of a patient log for recording simple demographic and diagnostic information about each patient seen during the clerkship, a seminar evaluation module for recording student feedback about each didactic presentation during the course, and an evaluation form where they students supply their reactions to the use of the Visor. Despite encountering a number of problems, the devices appear to be beneficial tools. The applications provide useful references for students who do not have access to the resources of the University in their family medicine clerkship. They also provide an improved, though not perfect, means to capture data regarding patient encounters and course evaluations. However, the challenge remains to better integrate the PDA with the student s workflow in the clinic. (+info)
Clinician use of a palmtop drug reference guide.
OBJECTIVE: Problems involving drug knowledge are one of the most common causes of serious medication errors. Although the information that clinicians need is often available somewhere, retrieving it expeditiously has been problematic. At the same time, clinicians are faced with an ever-expanding pharmacology knowledge base. Recently, point-of-care technology has become more widely available and more practical with the advent of handheld, or palmtop, computing. Therefore, the authors evaluated the clinical contribution of a drug database developed for the handheld computer. ePocrates Rx (formerly known as qRx; ePocrates, San Carlos, California) is a comprehensive drug information guide that is downloadable free from the Internet and designed for the Palm OS platform align="right". DESIGN: A seven-day online survey of 3,000 randomly selected ePocrates Rx users was conducted during March 2000. MEASUREMENTS: User technology experience, product evaluation and usage patterns, and the effects of the drug reference database on information-seeking behavior, practice efficiency, decision making, and patient care. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 32 percent (n=946). Physicians reported that ePocrates Rx saves time during information retrieval, is easily incorporated into their usual workflow, and improves drug-related decision making. They also felt that it reduced the rate of preventable adverse drug events. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported perceptions by responding clinicians endorse improved access to drug information and improved practice efficiency associated with the use of handheld devices. The clinical and practical value of using these devices in clinical settings will clearly grow further as wireless communication becomes more ubiquitous and as more applications become available. (+info)
Controlling the vocabulary for anatomy.
When confronted with the representation of human anatomy, natural language processing (NLP) system designers are facing an unsolved and frequent problem: the lack of a suitable global reference. The available sources in electronic format are numerous, but none fits adequately all the constraints and needs of language analysis. These sources are usually incomplete, difficult to use or tailored to specific needs. The anatomist's or ontologist's view does not necessarily match that of the linguist. The purpose of this paper is to review most recognized sources of knowledge in anatomy usable for linguistic analysis. Their potential and limits are emphasized according to this point of view. Focus is given on the role of the consensus work of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) giving the Terminologia Anatomica. (+info)