Lymphogranuloma venereum presenting as a rectovaginal fistula.
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a rare form of the sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. In the United States, there are fewer than 350 cases per year. In a review of the world's literature, there has not been a case reported in the last thirty years of a case of LGV presenting as a rectovaginal fistula. We present a case of an otherwise healthy American woman who presented with a rectovaginal fistula. Although uncommon, LGV does occur in developed countries and may have devastating tissue destruction if not recognized and treated before the tertiary stage. (+info)
Ileoanal anastomosis with reservoirs: complications and long-term results.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of complications of ileoanal pouch anastomosis, their treatment and their influence on a successful outcome. DESIGN: A computerized database and chart review. SETTING: Three academic tertiary care health centres. PATIENTS: All 239 patients admitted for surgery between 1981 and 1994 with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatosis coli. INTERVENTIONS: Sphincter-saving total proctocolectomy and construction of either S-type of J-type ileoanal reservoir. OUTCOME MEASURES: Indications, early and late complications, incidence of pouch excision. RESULTS: Of the 239 patients, 228 (95.4%) were operated on for ulcerative colitis and 11 (4.6%) for familial polyposis coli. One patient in each group was found to have a carcinoma not previously diagnosed. Twenty-eight patients had poor results: in 17 (7.1%) the ileostomy was never closed or was re-established because of pelvic sepsis or complex fistulas, sclerosing cholangitis or severe diarrhea; 11 (4.6%) patients required excision of the pouch because of anal stenosis, perirectal abscess-fistula or rectovaginal fistula. Three patients died--of suicide, and complications of liver transplantation and HIV infection. Thus, 208 patients maintained a functioning pouch. The early complication rate (within 30 days of operation) was 57.7% (138 patients) and the late complication rate was 52.3% (125 patients). Pouchitis alone did not lead to failure or pouch excision. Emptying difficulties in 25 patients with anal stenosis were helped in 2 by resorting to intermittent catheterization. Patients with indeterminate colitis had a higher rate of anorectal septic complications, and all patients having Crohn's disease after pouch construction had complicated courses. CONCLUSIONS: The complication rate associated with ileoanal pouch anastomosis continues to be relatively high despite increasing experience with this technique. Overall, however, a satisfactory outcome was obtained in 87% of patients. (+info)
Duplications of the alimentary tract are of a great rarity, particularly so in the rectum. Because of its rarity, the difficulty of making a correct diagnosis and of selection of proper approach for treatment, this entity bears a special significance. The present case report deals with a female newborn who presented with imperforate anus and a rectovestibular fistula and a mass prolapsing at the introitus. Complete excision of the mass was carried out through the perineal approach and the child then underwent, a PSARP for the correction of the rectal anomaly. Histology confirmed the mass to be a rectal duplication. (+info)
Obstetric fistula: evaluation with ultrasonography.
Twenty-two patients with 24 fistulae were examined prospectively with real-time sonography. Sonographic findings were compared with those of intravenous urograms and correlated with the findings at examination under anesthesia and at surgery. Various genital abnormalities not revealed by intravenous urography were demonstrated by sonography preoperatively. These included cervical injuries, vesicovaginal fistula showing "flat tire" sign and hourglass deformities, and identification of the site, size, and course of fistulae in seven (29%) of the cases. However, the demonstration of the fistulae by sonography is poor relative to that of examination under anesthesia, in which 21 (87%) of the fistulae were identified. The factors responsible for the difficulty in demonstrating the fistulae on sonography, which included size and multiplicity, are discussed. Sonography is complementary to examination under anesthesia in preoperative evaluation of the patients with obstetric fistulae in general and in those with previous unsuccessful repairs in particular. (+info)
Demonstration of a recto-vaginal fistula with the ultrasound contrast medium Echovist.
The demonstration of a recto-vaginal fistula in a patient with Crohn's disease is described. The patient was examined by vaginal ultrasound using the contrast medium Echovist-200 (SHU 454, Schering AG, Berlin). This agent had not been used before under these circumstances and proved to be successful. (+info)
Surgical outcome of female genital fistula in Korea.
This purpose of this study was to establish a new standard for the surgical management of female genital fistula in Korea. From January 1992 to October 2001, 117 patients with female genital fistula who were admitted to the departments of obstetrics and gynecology, urology and general surgery were analyzed. Nine patients with congenital etiologies and 48 patients who were treated conservatively were excluded. The relationships between surgical outcome and the cause of fistula, the location of fistula, and the various surgical methods were analyzed. In spite of appropriate surgical treatment, fistulas due to cervix cancer management had the worst prognosis. In terms of location, fistula recurrence after surgical repair was most common in the bladder fundus and base. The transvaginal and transrectal approaches are suitable for fistulas located in the lower vagina. The transabdominal approach is appropriate for fistulas located in the functional portions such as the bladder and ureter, for fistulas which are difficult to expose surgically by either the vaginal or rectal approach, or in cases with severe adhesions. In cases of cervix cancer, extra care should be taken during surgical expiration or definitive radiotherapy, especially when the areas involved are the bladder fundus and base. The nature of the surgical approach should be decided by the location of the fistula, the functional importance of the area, and the degree of surgical exposure during the corrective procedures. (+info)
Congenital H-type anovestibuler fistula.
The congenital H-type fistula between the anorectum and genital tract besides a normal anus is a rare entity in the spectrum of anorectal anomalies. We described a girl with an anovestibuler H-type fistula and left vulvar abscess. A 40-day-old girl presented symptoms after her parents noted the presence of stool at the vestibulum. On the physical examination, anus was in normal location and size, and had normal sphincter tone. A vestibuler opening was seen in the midline just below of the hymen. A fistulous communication was found between the vestibuler opening and the anus, just above the dentate line. There was a vulvar abscess which had a left lateral vulvar drainage opening 15 mm left lateral to the perineum. After the management of local inflammation and abscess, the patient was operated for primary repair of the fistula. A protective colostomy wasn't performed prior the operation. A profuse diarrhea started after 5 hours of postoperation. After the diarrhea, a recurrent fistula was occurred on the second postoperative day. A divided sigmoid colostomy was performed. 2 months later, and anterior sagital anorectoplasty was reconstructed and colostomy was closed 1 month later. Various surgical techniques with or without protective colostomy have been described for double termination repair. But there is no consensus regarding surgical management of double termination. (+info)
Transanal approach in repairing acquired rectovestibular fistula in females.
AIM: To summarize the operative experience of the transanal approach in acquired rectovestibular fistula repair. METHODS: Ninety-six cases of acquired rectovestibular fistula in young females were analyzed retrospectively. The etiology and operative procedure were discussed. Operative essential points were, the patient was laid in prone frog position, with the knees and hips flexed at 90(o); the perineum was elevated; and the anal opening was exposed. Four stay sutures were applied to the margin of the fistular orifice in the anal opening at points 3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock. A circular incision of mucosa surrounding the stay sutures was made. The fistula was dissected from its anal opening to its vestibular opening. The wound of vestibule was sutured, and the rectoanal wound was then sutured transversely. RESULTS: All the 96 patients recovered uneventfully from operation with a successful rate of 93.75%. CONCLUSION: The transanal approach in the treatment of the acquired rectovestibular fistula is a simple and feasible technique. (+info)