Effect of fenbendazole and pyrantel tartrate on the induction of protective immunity in pigs naturally or experimentally infected with Ascaris suum.
An experiment was conducted with 96 weanling pigs (avg initial wt 18.5 kg) divided into six treatment with two replicates of eight pigs each. Pigs in Treatments 1, 2 and 3 were penned in outside pens with dirt lots that previously were contaminated with A. suum ova to induce a natural ascaris infection. Pigs in Treatments 4, 5 and 6 were penned in an open-front building with solid concrete floors and were experimentally infected with 2,000 embryonated A. suum. ova on d 1, 15 and 29 of the experiment. Pigs in Treatments 1 and 4 were medicated with fenbendazole (FBZ, 3 mg/[kg BW.d]) for three consecutive days during three consecutive time periods. Pigs in Treatments 2 and 5 were medicated with pyrantel tartrate (PT, 106 mg/kg feed) for 28 d. Pigs in Treatments 3 and 6 served as infected, unmedicated controls. All pigs were challenged with 100 A. suum eggs 7 d after termination of the final FBZ treatment. All pigs were killed 66 d after challenge and worms were recovered. Fenbendazole treatment resulted in greater (P less than .07) average daily gain than PT treatment in pigs penned outside. Among inside pigs, FBZ treatment resulted in better (P less than .02) feed utilization than in controls. The FBZ and PT treatments reduced (P less than .03) the total number of A. suum, the length and weight of female ascarids and the length of male ascarids compared with controls. A natural continual infection with A. suum was less effective than experimental infection in inducing protective immunity in pigs. (+info)
A collaborative study: high-pressure liquid chromatographic determination of carbadox and pyrantel tartrate in animal feeds.
Carbadox (CBX), an antibacterial agent, and pyrantel tartrate (PT), an anthelmintic, are formulated either separately or together in swine feeds. The official Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) spectrophotometric methods for both drugs are long, nonspecific, and require standard addition techniques. Results by this technique are positively biased. A simple, direct, specific, high-pressure liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method to determine either one or both drugs simultaneously with apparent accuracy and precision is developed. Drugs are released from feed matrices by water, extracted with dimethylformamide (DMF), cleaned up on alumina, and quantitated by direct comparison to standards using a Whatman Partisil 10 ODS-3 column and a mobile solvent containing 23.5 +/- 1.5% DMF in phosphate buffer (pH 2.0). Fourteen laboratories participated in a collaborative study of this method for determination of CBX and PT in animal feeds. (+info)