Schistosoma mansoni egg-induced lung pathology requires the actions of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13. Because receptors for IL-4 and IL-13 share chains, we examined the effect of a fusion protein comprised of IL-13 and Pseudomonas exotoxin (IL13-PE) on the development of pulmonary granulomas in mice. At day 8 after an intravenous injection of live S. mansoni eggs, whole lung samples from IL13-PE-treated mice exhibited significantly lower IL-4 and IL-13 gene expression, smaller granulomas, decreased collagen levels, and increased IL-13 receptor alpha2 gene expression compared to controls. The therapeutic effects of IL13-PE were also observed at day 16 despite the termination of IL13-PE treatment at day 8. These studies demonstrate that targeting IL-4- and IL-13- responsive cells with IL13-PE effectively arrests S. mansoni egg granuloma formation. (+info)
A case report of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung: rapid recurrence appearing as multiple lung nodules.
An inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT), known as a plasma cell granuloma, is a relatively uncommon neoplasm with an unidentified etiology. To our knowledge, an early relapse with multiple lung nodules following lung resection and occurrences in multiple organs is extremely rare. The patient was a 49-year-old man who presented with left chest pain and fever. A chest film demonstrated an 8x8 cm mass in the left lower lobe. During thoracotomy in April 2001, a mass was seen to have invaded the diaphragm with remarkable pleural adhesion. The intraoperative pathological diagnosis was infiltration of inflammatory cells with no malignancy. Therefore, a partial resection of the left lower lobe was performed. Three months after the thoracotomy, a chest CT scan disclosed multiple nodular opacities bilaterally, and an open lung-biopsy of the right lung was performed in January 2002. His past history included an excision of a mass on the penis in another hospital in 1994 and a subcutaneous mass that appeared on the right thigh and disappeared spontaneously following a needle biopsy in 1999. Pathologically there was no fundamental difference among his present lesion and the former two. The pathological diagnosis at each occurrence was inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT). In immunohistochemical study, the staining with smooth muscle actin cells was positive, but was negative for the staining with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). With no evidence of a neoplastic process, these histopathological and immunohistochemical findings could imply that this case may be a postinflammatory reparative reaction, although his condition exhibited the clinically aggressive behavior of suspected lung metastasis. (+info)
Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor--a report of 28 cases.
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor is an uncommon benign lesion of the lung. In Korea, most literature of the pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor was case reports. METHODS: We collected 28 cases of pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor in Korea. This collective series included 4 cases from our hospital and 24 cases were reviewed from the literature since 1977. The analysis involved the age, sex, chief complaint, hematologic examination, size and location of the lesion, cavity formation, presence of calcification and treatment method. RESULTS: Male was more prevalent (81.5%) than female and mean age was 37.9 years old (6-63 yrs). Chief complaints were cough (44.4%), chest pain (29.6%), fever (22.2%), hemoptysis (15%), sputum (15%) and dyspnea (11.1%). There were asymptomatic cases in 11.1%. Hematologic examination revealed normal finding (53.3%) and anemia (20%). The mean size of the lesion was 4.76 cm (1.5-14 cm) and the locations were parenchymal (85.7%), endobronchial (10.7%) and endotracheal (3.6%). Except the endotracheal case, the lesions were in the right (46.4%), the left (42.8%) and bilateral (7.1%). Calcifications (18.5%) and cavitations (11.1%) were present. Diagnostic methods were open thoracotomy (82.1%), bronchoscopy (3.6%), needle aspiration biopsy (7.1%) and core needle gun biopsy (7.1%). Treatments were surgery (85.2%), steroid therapy (7.4%), rigid bronchoscopic removal (3.7%) and observation (3.7%). Postoperative recurrence occurred in only 1 case (4.3%). CONCLUSION: Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor was more prevalent in the male, and patients presented with the respiratory symptoms were common. It was necessary to do surgery in most cases for diagnosis and/or treatment. (+info)
Impact of interleukin-13 responsiveness on the synthetic and proliferative properties of Th1- and Th2-type pulmonary granuloma fibroblasts.
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) has emerged as a major cytokine mediator of fibroblast activation and pulmonary fibrosis. Normal (from noninflamed lung), Th1-type (induced by the pulmonary embolization of purified peptide derivative-coated beads in mice sensitized to purified peptide derivative), and Th2-type (induced by the pulmonary embolization of Schistosoma mansoni egg antigen-coated beads in mice sensitized with S. mansoni eggs) primary fibroblast cell lines all exhibited constitutive gene expression of two receptor chains that bind and signal IL-13-mediated cellular events: IL-4Ralpha and IL-13Ralpha1. However, all three fibroblast cell lines exhibited divergent synthetic and proliferative responses to the exogenous addition of either recombinant IL-13 or a chimeric protein comprised of IL-13 and a truncated version of Pseudomonas exotoxin (IL13-PE), which targets and kills IL-13 receptor overexpressing cells. The exogenous addition of IL-13 to Th1-type and Th2-type fibroblast cultures significantly increased the cellular expression of IL-13Ralpha2, which may function as an IL-13 decoy receptor. After a 24-hour exposure to IL-13, the total collagen generation and cellular proliferation by Th2-type fibroblasts were significantly higher than that observed in similar numbers of normal and Th1-type fibroblasts. In addition IL13-PE, which binds with highest affinity to IL-13Ralpha2, exhibited down-regulatory effects on proliferation and matrix generation expression by Th1- and Th2-type, but not normal, fibroblasts. Thus, these data demonstrate that fibroblasts derived from murine pulmonary granulomas exhibit divergent expression of functional IL-13 receptor and this expression dictates the responsiveness and susceptibility to recombinant IL-13 and IL-13 immunotoxin, respectively. (+info)
Seven patients with plasma cell granuloma (inflammatory pseudotumor) of the lung, including two with intrabronchial growth: an immunohistochemical and electron microscopic study.
Seven patients (mean age, 50.7 +/- 20.4 years; range 21-77) with plasma cell granuloma (PCG) of the lung are reported. Cough and sputum were the most common presenting symptoms, followed by fever. Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum C-reactive protein levels were found in all patients tested. Radiologically, five cases presented as solitary, well-circumscribed masses and two as ill-defined, pneumonia-like densities. One showed focal calcification. No predilection of occurrence was observed in either lobe of the lung. Histologically, the lesions consisted of a proliferation of mature plasma cells and reticulo-endothelial cells supported by a stroma of granulation tissue, with varying degrees of myxoid change or collagenization. Angioinvasion within the lesion was observed in 4 of the 7 cases. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the IgG-predominant polyclonal nature of the plasma cells, indicating a reactive inflammatory process rather than a neoplastic one. Electron microscopy confirmed the benign nature of the plasma cells with fibroblast and myofibroblast proliferation admixed with that of other inflammatory cells. (+info)
Endobronchial pseudo-tumour caused by herpes simplex.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes tracheobronchitis and pneumonitis; however, to date, there has only been one report of an endobronchial mass caused by HSV type II. This case study describes a 68-yr-old female with severe kyphoscoliosis who was intubated for acute on chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure and developed blood-tinged endotracheal secretions. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy demonstrated an endobronchial mass in the right middle lobe. Cultures grew HSV type I and biopsy specimens demonstrated cytopathological changes consistent with HSV infection. This is the first reported case of HSV type I presenting as an endobronchial tumour. (+info)
A case of pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor: Recurrence appearing as several consolidative lesions after complete resection.
Inflammatory pseudotumor (plasma cell granuloma) of the lung is an uncommon nonneoplastic tumor of unknown origin. This tumor typically manifests as a solitary, peripheral, and sharply circumscribed mass. Multiple lesions are seen in about 5% of cases. Resection is recommended for both diagnosis and treatment, and this tumor does not generally recur after complete resection. Here, we report a case of recurrent inflammatory pseudotumor after complete resection; the recurrence was detected as a series of bilateral consolidated lesions with an internal air bronchogram. This is an unusual finding with regard to inflammatory pseudotumors. (+info)
Endobronchial inflammatory pseudotumor: a case report.
Inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung is a rare form of benign neoplasia and is generally characterized by a solitary pulmonary nodule. The endobronchial presentation is uncommon. Conservative surgery remains the treatment of choice, and surgeons should always strive to achieve tumor-free margins due to the possibility of local recidivism. This article reports the case of a 36-year-old male patient with recurrent attacks of wheezing and cough. The patient underwent successful bronchoplasty for the resection of an endobronchial inflammatory pseudotumor. (+info)