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(1/4) Better opportunities for women dentists: a review of the contribution of women dentists to the workforce.

In June 2000 the Department of Health commissioned a review to examine the need for improvements to the employment opportunities for women dentists in the National Health Service (NHS) across England. Dame Margaret Seward carried out the review, which was published in September 2001. The review was considered necessary for four main reasons. Firstly, workforce panning, because now more than 50% of new entrants to dental undergraduate courses in the UK are female and by 2020 over 50% of all practising dentists will be female. Secondly, evidence that 50% of women in dentistry work for no more than two days per week for the NHS. Thirdly, most women work either as associates in general dental practice (GDP) or in the Community Dental Service (CDS). Lastly, the perception that women find it difficult to return to dentistry after taking a career break.  (+info)

(2/4) The relationship between gender and postgraduate aspirations among first- and fourth-year students at public dental schools: a longitudinal analysis.

The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences and other predictors of postgraduate plans among U.S. dental students. A national sample of dental students was surveyed in their first and fourth years of dental school. Female first-year students were less likely than male students to express interest in specialization in endodontics and oral surgery. Fourth-year students who had a dental school mentor, a high GPA, and encouragement from significant others were more likely to apply for postgraduate training. Gender and first-year interest in dental specialization did not affect the likelihood of applying for postgraduate training in the fourth year. Female fourth-year students were more likely to predict that they would be an associate in a practice five years following graduation. The results suggest that mentoring and faculty encouragement are important influences on dental students' plans for postgraduate education.  (+info)

(3/4) A survey on orthodontic retention procedures in The Netherlands.

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(4/4) How do dentists perceive poverty and people on social assistance? A qualitative study conducted in Montreal, Canada.

Despite significant needs, people on social assistance are sometimes reluctant to consult dentists because of previous negative experience and communication barriers. They feel poorly understood by oral health professionals and sometimes complain of being stigmatized. It is thus important to know how dentists perceive poverty and this group of patients. The aim of this study was to understand how dentists perceive poverty and people on social assistance. To investigate this largely unexplored question, a qualitative study was conducted based on in-depth interviews with thirty-three dentists practicing in Montreal, Canada. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed for qualitative analysis. The study revealed two perspectives on poverty: 1) the individualistic-deficit perspective and 2) the socio-lifecourse perspective. In the individualistic-deficit perspective, which predominated among these participants, dentists explained poverty by individual factors and emphasized individuals' negative attitudes toward work and lack of capabilities. Conversely, dentists with a socio-lifecourse perspective described poverty as a structural rather than an individual process. Acknowledging individuals' distress and powerlessness, these dentists expressed more empathy toward people on social assistance. The results suggest the individualistic-deficit perspective impedes the care relationship between dentists and poor patients as well as highlighting the need to better prepare dentists for addressing issues of poverty and social inequities in clinical practice.  (+info)