Pneumocephalus associated with ethmoidal sinus osteoma--case report.
A 35-year-old female suffered sudden onset of severe headache upon blowing her nose. No rhinorrhea or signs of meningeal irritation were noted. Computed tomography (CT) with bone windows clearly delineated a bony mass in the right ethmoid sinus, extending into the orbit and intracranially. Conventional CT demonstrated multiple air bubbles in the cisterns and around the mass in the right frontal skull base, suggesting that the mass was associated with entry of the air bubbles into the cranial cavity. T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a low-signal lesion that appeared to be an osteoma but did not show any air bubbles. Through a wide bilateral frontal craniotomy, the cauliflower-like osteoma was found to be protruding intracranially through the skull base and the overlying dura mater. The osteoma was removed, and the dural defect was covered with a fascia graft. Histological examination confirmed that the lesion was an osteoma. The operative procedure resolved the problem of air entry. CT is superior to MR imaging for diagnosing pneumocephalus, by providing a better assessment of bony destruction and better detection of small amounts of intracranial air. (+info)
Case report: paraarticular soft-tissue osteoma of the hip.
A case of paraarticular soft-tissue osteoma of the hip is presented. The patient is a 30-year-old white male with a two year history of progressive left hip pain. Plain film and cross-sectional imaging in conjunction with pathologic correlation are used to make the diagnosis. The lesion lacks the typical zoning pattern of myositis ossificans, shows no direct communication with native bone, and is extraarticular in location as opposed to synovial osteochondromatosis. Soft tissue osteomas most commonly occur around the knee, the foot, and the ankle. Soft tissue osteomas are rare tumors and this case is unusual in that it occurs around the hip. (+info)
Skeletal changes in rats given daily subcutaneous injections of recombinant human parathyroid hormone (1-34) for 2 years and relevance to human safety.
Fischer 344 rats (60/sex/group) were given daily subcutaneous injections of recombinant human parathyroid hormone (PTH)(1-34) for 2 years at doses of 0, 5, 30, or 75 microg/kg. Treatment caused substantial increases in bone mass consistent with the known pharmacologic effects of once-daily administration. As determined by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and histomorphometry, bone mass was markedly increased. Substantial new bone formation resulted in a large decrease in marrow space accompanied by altered bone architecture. Bone proliferative lesions were observed in all PTH( 1-34)-treated groups. Osteosarcoma occurred in 3, 21, and 31 male rats and in 4, 12, and 23 female rats in the 5-, 30-, and 75-microg/kg treatment groups, respectively. Focal osteoblast hyperplasia, osteoma, and osteoblastoma were much less frequent. Although the specific cellular or molecular mechanisms responsible for the rat bone tumors have not been fully elucidated, the data suggest that these lesions resulted from the long duration of treatment and the exaggerated pharmacologic response of the rat skeleton to daily treatment with PTH(1-34). Important differences between the rat study and clinical use in adult humans suggest that the increased incidence of bone neoplasia in rats treated for 2 years is likely not predictive of an increased risk of bone cancer in skeletally mature adult humans being given PTH(1-34) for a limited period of time in the treatment of osteoporosis. (+info)
CT and pathologic findings of a case of subdural osteoma.
A 43-year-old female presented with persistent headache and dizziness which had first occurred two years earlier. The physical and neurological findings at admission were unremarkable, though plain radiography revealed the presence of a dense calcified mass in the left frontal area, and CT showed that a homogeneous high-density nodule was attached to the inner surface of the left frontal skull. The hard bony mass found and excised during surgery was shown at histopathologic examination to be a subdural osteoma. We describe the clinicopathologic findings of this entity and discuss the radiological features which suggest its subdural location. (+info)
Gardner's syndrome - a case report.
Gardner's syndrome is the association of multiple colonic polyps (familial adenomatous polyposis coli - FAP) with sebaceous cysts and jaw osteomas. The significance of this dominantly inherited condition to the dentist is that the colonic polyps usually undergo malignant change by the fourth decade and the extra-intestinal lesions may be apparent before those in the bowel. As such, early detection of multiple jaw osteomas and/or multiple sebaceous cysts (particularly on the scalp) may lead to appropriate further investigation and treatment which might be life saving. Diagnosis of this condition also has implications for other family members. (+info)
The Gardner syndrome: increased tetraploidy in cultured skin fibroblast.
Tetraploidy was increased in skin fibroblast cultures grown in the laboratory at the same time under the same conditions and derived from 2 probands with the Gardner syndrome and 9 affected members of one family as compared to that occurring in cultures from 5 relatives by marriage and 10 normals. Tetraploidy was present at the first subculture (2 weeks after the initial biopsy was cultured), and for each line studied the percentage of dividing cells showing tetraploidy remained constant. The relation of the observed tetraploidy to the increased risk of such patients to develop abnormal growths and cancer has not been established. The increased tetraploidy should be of value in identifying the presence of the gene for the Gardner syndrome in high risk families. (+info)
Molecular cloning of osteoma-inducing replication-competent murine leukemia viruses from the RFB osteoma virus stock.
We report the molecular cloning of two replication-competent osteoma-inducing murine leukemia viruses from the RFB osteoma virus stock (M. P. Finkel, C. A. Reilly, Jr., B. O. Biskis, and I. L. Greco, p. 353-366, in C. H. G. Price and F. G. M. Ross, ed., Bone--Certain Aspects of Neoplasia, 1973). Like the original RFB osteoma virus stock, viruses derived from the molecular RFB clones induced multiple osteomas in mice of the CBA/Ca strain. The cloned RFB viruses were indistinguishable by restriction enzyme analysis and by nucleotide sequence analysis of their long-terminal-repeat regions and showed close relatedness to the Akv murine leukemia virus. (+info)
Ossifying fibroma of the sella turcica.
Ossifying fibroma of the sellar turcica is extremely rare. There are only sporadic case reports in the literature. One such case simulating pituitary adenoma is presented in an 18-year-old girl. (+info)