Assessment of clinical case presentations for the Membership in Orthodontics, Royal College of Surgeons of England 1995, 1996.
The cases presented and treated at successive examinations by the candidates for the Membership Examination in Orthodontics in 1995 and 1996 at The Royal College of Surgeons of England, were of a very high standard and demonstrated a wide range of treatment modalities. All cases had fixed appliances, predominantly with pre-adjusted Edgewise appliances. IOTN confirmed that most cases were in great need of treatment, with PAR scores showing them to be treated to a high standard. (+info)
Undergraduate and postgraduate orthodontics in Australia.
Undergraduate orthodontic education in Australian university dental schools reflects a strong British influence. The Australian Dental Council is now responsible for undergraduate course accreditation and the development of a more distinctly Australian model might be expected, although not in isolation from the traditional British and American influences. Postgraduate specialty training has been more directly influenced by the North American dental schools, and specialist registers in the states and territories reflect that influence. The Australian Dental Council will commence accreditation of postgraduate specialty courses in 1999. (+info)
Sources of stress for orthodontic practitioners.
This paper aims to examine and highlight the difference between sources of stress and burn-out. The first part of the paper examines stress and the second part looks at the concept of burn-out with reference to how orthodontists compare with other dental professionals. (+info)
A clinical comparison of the efficacy and efficiency of two professional prophylaxis procedures in orthodontic patients.
This study compared the efficacy and efficiency of two professional prophylaxis procedures in orthodontic patients performing different oral hygiene regimens: the air powder polishing system (APP), and the rubber cup and pumice (RCP) technique. Sixty-two patients were divided into two groups: group I included 40 subjects who did not use any chlorhexidine mouthwash and group II comprised 22 subjects who regularly rinsed with a chlorhexidine mouthwash (at a 0.12 per cent concentration) and showed increased tooth staining. Using a split-mouth experimental design, the buccal and lingual tooth surfaces were cleaned in half of the mouth by the APP and in the opposite half by the RCP technique. Tooth surfaces were scored before (PRE) and after (POST) the experimental procedures for the plaque index (PI), and for the presence of tooth staining. In addition, the treatment time required by each procedure was recorded. In test group I, significant reductions in the PI after APP and RCP were observed. Likewise, in test group II, both procedures significantly reduced the baseline PI values. In both experimental groups, the percentage of stained sites significantly decreased after APP and RCP, but in test group II, APP seemed to be more effective than RCP. In addition, APP required significantly less time than RCP to remove dental plaque and staining. These data show that both professional prophylaxis procedures are effective in orthodontic patients, with APP being the most time-efficient technique and the most effective method for removal of tooth staining. (+info)
The effectiveness and efficiency of hygienists in carrying out orthodontic auxiliary procedures.
The aim of this study was to compare the ability and efficiency of dental hygienists, after preliminary training as orthodontic auxiliaries, with post-graduate orthodontists. The study was cross-sectional and prospective. The sample consisted of five second-year hygienists and five qualified orthodontists from Manchester University Dental Hospital. All subjects carried out a range of orthodontic exercises on phantom head typodonts. The ability and efficiency for each task was measured, and comparison made between hygienists and orthodontic groups. There was no statistically significant differences between hygienists and orthodontists in terms of their ability to carry out potential orthodontic auxiliary procedures. However, orthodontists were more efficient (P < 0.05). The ability of hygienists to carry out potential orthodontic auxiliary tasks after appropriate training is supported. Trained orthodontists are more efficient than newly trained hygienists in carrying out potential orthodontic auxiliary tasks. (+info)
How do current Senior Registrar job profiles relate to proposed Specialist Registrar FTTA posts? Fixed-term training appointments.
The proposed United Kingdom training pathway for Orthodontic Specialist Registrars is now accepted to be of 3 years duration. In the final year, Specialist Registrars will take the Membership in Orthodontics, with the end point of training marked by the award of the Certificate of Completion on Specialist Training (CCST). There will be a predetermined number of fixed-term training appointments (FTTAs), available through competitive entry, which will provide 2 years of additional training and lead to eligibility to apply for a Consultant appointment. The end point of the Specialist Registrar (FTTA) will be marked by the Intercollegiate Specialty Examination (ISE). The current 3-year Senior Registrar orthodontic training will be reduced to 2 years as the transition to the Specialist Registrar FTTA grade occurs. In the light of these changes, a survey of full time NHS Senior Registrar posts was carried out to examine current job profiles with particular reference to their suitability for assimilation into the Specialist Registrar (FTTA) grade and preparation for the ISE. (+info)
New contracts for specialist orthodontic practitioners?
This paper discusses the possibility of new forms of contacting or commissioning emerging between UK Health Authorities (or other parties such as Primary Care Groups and Primary Care Trusts) and established providers of specialist orthodontic services. (+info)
The influence of dental to facial midline discrepancies on dental attractiveness ratings.
This study investigated the perception of discrepancies between the dental and facial midlines by orthodontists and young laypeople. A smiling photograph of a young adult female was modified by moving the dental midline relative to the facial midline. Twenty orthodontists (10 males and 10 females) and 20 young adult laypeople (10 males and 10 females) scored the attractiveness of the smile on the original image and each of the modified images using a 10-point scale. The results showed that the images were scored as less attractive both by the orthodontists and laypeople as the size of the dental to facial midline discrepancy increased. The scores were unrelated to the direction of the midline discrepancy (left or right) or to the gender of the judge. Further analysis revealed that the orthodontists were more sensitive than laypeople to small discrepancies between the dental and facial midline. It was estimated that the probability of a layperson recording a less favourable attractiveness score when there was a 2-mm discrepancy between the dental and facial midlines was 56 per cent. (+info)