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(1/239) Evaluation of digital optical density of bone repair in rats medicated with ketoprofen.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of ketoprofen on bone repair process in tibiae of rats by means of analysis of the digital optical density. Twenty Wistar rats were assigned to two groups: an untreated control group and a group treated with ketoprofen. The experimental procedures comprised the following stages: general anesthesia, preparation of a unicortical bone defect on the left tibia of each rat, medication with ketoprofen and radiographic examination. Digital radiographic images were acquired using Visualix GX-S-HDI digital sensor and an x-ray equipment. Radiographs were taken at baseline, 7, 14, 21 and 30 days postoperatively and the optical density (OD) was evaluated using the Vix win 1.4 system. The mean values of OD readings were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test with significance level set at a=5%. The control group showed a statistically significant correlation (p=0.001) between time and optical density, while the ketoprofen group exhibited a weak and not statistically significant correlation (p=0.100). The control group presented the smallest OD ratios at days 1 and 7, and the greatest OD ratios at days 14, 21 and 30, with statistically significant difference (p=0.001). There was no significant differences (p=0.100) among the OD ratios in the ketoprofen group, regardless of the evaluation period. The findings of this study suggest that ketoprofen influenced bone repair process because there was an increase in optical density during the first week and delayed new bone formation after the 21st day.  (+info)

(2/239) Low spring constant regulates P-selectin-PSGL-1 bond rupture.

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(3/239) Validation of an off-eye contact lens Shack-Hartmann wavefront aberrometer.

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(4/239) Self-expandable metal stents and trans-stent light delivery: are metal stents and photodynamic therapy compatible?

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(5/239) In vitro strehl ratios with spherical, aberration-free, average, and customized spherical aberration-correcting intraocular lenses.

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(6/239) Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomographic imaging of artificial demineralization on exposed surfaces of tooth roots.

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(7/239) Versatile horizontal force probe for mechanical tests on pipette-held cells, particles, and membrane capsules.

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(8/239) Flexible acoustic particle manipulation device with integrated optical waveguide for enhanced microbead assays.

Realisation of a device intended for the manipulation and detection of bead-tagged DNA and other bio-molecules is presented. Acoustic radiation forces are used to manipulate polystyrene micro-beads into an optical evanescent field generated by a laser pumped ion-exchanged waveguide. The evanescent field only excites fluorophores brought within approximately 100 nm of the waveguide, allowing the system to differentiate between targets bound to the beads and those unbound and still held in suspension. The radiation forces are generated in a standing-wave chamber that supports multiple acoustic modes, permitting particles to be both attracted to the waveguide surface and also repelled. To provide further control over particle position, a novel method of switching rapidly between different acoustic modes is demonstrated, through which particles are manipulated into an arbitrary position within the chamber. A novel type of assay is presented: a mixture of streptavidin coated and control beads are driven towards a biotin functionalised surface, then a repulsive force is applied, making it possible to determine which beads became bound to the surface. It is shown that the quarter-wave mode can enhance bead to surface interaction, overcoming potential barriers caused by surface charges. It is demonstrated that by measuring the time of flight of a microsphere across the device the bead size can be determined, providing a means of multiplexing the detection, potentially detecting a range of different target molecules, or varying bead mass.  (+info)