The development of variable MLM editor and TSQL translator based on Arden Syntax in Taiwan.
The Arden Syntax standard has been utilized in the medical informatics community in several countries during the past decade. It is never used in nursing in Taiwan. We try to develop a system that acquire medical expert knowledge in Chinese and translates data and logic slot into TSQL Language. The system implements TSQL translator interpreting database queries referred to in the knowledge modules. The decision-support systems in medicine are data driven system where TSQL triggers as inference engine can be used to facilitate linking to a database. (+info
Information literacy: instrument development to measure competencies and knowledge among nursing educators, nursing administrators, and nursing clinicians: a pilot study.
This poster describes a pilot study conducted to establish validity and reliability of an instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs assessment, implemented to identify gaps in Information Literacy skills, competencies, and knowledge among key nursing groups nationally. Data and information gathered using the tool will guide the profession in developing appropriate education and continuing education programs to close identified gaps and enhance nurses' readiness for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). (+info
Where is the nursing in SNOMED CT? CTGFN has the answer!
The SNOMED" micro CTGFN (Convergent Terminology Group for Nursing) is a working group reporting to the SNOMED International Editorial Board. They are charged with ensuring a terminology supportive of nursing's requirement for describing patient care. The strategies utilized for nursing content follow. (+info
IT-adoption and the interaction of task, technology and individuals: a fit framework and a case study.
BACKGROUND: Factors of IT adoption have largely been discussed in the literature. However, existing frameworks (such as TAM or TTF) are failing to include one important aspect, the interaction between user and task. METHOD: Based on a literature study and a case study, we developed the FITT framework to help analyse the socio-organisational-technical factors that influence IT adoption in a health care setting. RESULTS: Our FITT framework ("Fit between Individuals, Task and Technology") is based on the idea that IT adoption in a clinical environment depends on the fit between the attributes of the individual users (e.g. computer anxiety, motivation), attributes of the technology (e.g. usability, functionality, performance), and attributes of the clinical tasks and processes (e.g. organisation, task complexity). We used this framework in the retrospective analysis of a three-year case study, describing the adoption of a nursing documentation system in various departments in a German University Hospital. We will show how the FITT framework helped analyzing the process of IT adoption during an IT implementation: we were able to describe every found IT adoption problem with regard to the three fit dimensions, and any intervention on the fit can be described with regard to the three objects of the FITT framework (individual, task, technology). We also derive facilitators and barriers to IT adoption of clinical information systems. CONCLUSION: This work should support a better understanding of the reasons for IT adoption failures and therefore enable better prepared and more successful IT introduction projects. We will discuss, however, that from a more epistemological point of view, it may be difficult or even impossible to analyse the complex and interacting factors that predict success or failure of IT projects in a socio-technical environment. (+info
Operational failures and interruptions in hospital nursing.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the work environment of hospital nurses with particular focus on the performance of work systems supplying information, materials, and equipment for patient care. DATA SOURCES: Primary observation, semistructured interviews, and surveys of hospital nurses. STUDY DESIGN: We sampled a cross-sectional group of six U.S. hospitals to examine the frequency of work system failures and their impact on nurse productivity. DATA COLLECTION: We collected minute-by-minute data on the activities of 11 nurses. In addition, we conducted interviews with six of these nurses using questions related to obstacles to care. Finally, we created and administered two surveys in 48 nursing units, one for nurses and one for managers, asking about the frequency of specific work system failures. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Nurses we observed experienced an average of 8.4 work system failures per 8-hour shift. The five most frequent types of failures, accounting for 6.4 of these obstacles, involved medications, orders, supplies, staffing, and equipment. Survey questions asking nurses how frequently they experienced these five categories of obstacles yielded similar frequencies. For an average 8-hour shift, the average task time was only 3.1 minutes, and in spite of this, nurses were interrupted mid-task an average of eight times per shift. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that nurse effectiveness can be increased by creating improvement processes triggered by the occurrence of work system failures, with the goal of reducing future occurrences. Second, given that nursing work is fragmented and unpredictable, designing processes that are robust to interruption can help prevent errors. (+info
Mapping the literature of nursing informatics.
OBJECTIVE: This study was part of the Medical Library Association's Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project to map the nursing literature. It identified core journals in nursing informatics and the journals referenced in them and analyzed coverage of those journals in selected indexes. METHOD: Five core journals were chosen and analyzed for 1996, 1997, and 1998. The references in the core journal articles were examined for type and number of formats cited during the selected time period. Bradford's Law of Scattering divided the journals into frequency zones. RESULTS: The time interval, 1990 to 1998, produced 71% of the references. Internet references could not be tracked by date before 1990. Twelve journals were the most productive, 119 journals were somewhat productive, and 897 journals were the least productive. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association was the most prolific core journal. The 1998 journal references were compared in CINAHL, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index, and OCLC Article First. PubMed/MEDLINE had the highest indexing score. (+info
A feasible strategy of promoting nursing informatics by End User Computing.
The purpose of this study was to report our experiences in promoting NI training and professorship using the strategy of End User Computing in Taiwan. An interview-based survey was made to better understand the pros and cons of this strategy from three successful projects. The results appear promising and cost-effective. (+info
Extraction of specific nursing terms using corpora comparison.
The purpose of the study is to develop and evaluate a bottom-up approach to extract the specific nursing terms from textual nursing records using corpora comparison. A nursing records corpus was developed as the target corpus, and a newspaper corpus and a medical literature abstracts corpus were developed as the reference corpora. Two filters were established to extract the technical terms and the relative frequency ratio was used for corpora comparison. The issues related to the improvement of both the algorithms and the evaluation methods were discussed. (+info