Entomophthoramycosis by Conidiobolus coronatus. Report of a case successfully treated with the combination of itraconazole and fluconazole.
Rhinoentomophthoramycosis caused by Conidiobolus coronatus in a 61-year old woman was unsuccessfully treated during 8 years with all the antifungals available in the Brazilian market, including potassium iodide for 1 month, sulfamethoxazole plus trimethoprim for 2 months, amphotericin B, total dose of 1130 mg, cetoconazole, 400 mg/day for 6 months, fluconazole, 200 mg/day, for at least 2 months and, itraconazole, 400 mg/day for 2 months, followed by 200 mg/day for 4 more months. Complete clinical and mycological cure was achieved using itraconazol 400 mg/day in association with fluconazol 200 mg/day during 24 months. After cure she was submitted to plastic surgery to repair her facial deformation. Today she remains clinically and mycologically cured after 59/60 months (5 years!) without any specific antifungal. We thus suggest the use of the combination of itraconazole and fluconazole as an additional option for the treatment of this mycosis. (+info)
THE DE LANGE SYNDROME: REPORT OF THREE CASES.
Three cases of de Lange's syndrome are described. This condition is characterized by generally severe mental retardation, reduced stature, mild microcephaly, hypertrichosis, various anomalies of hands and feet, and a peculiar facies. The most outstanding features of the latter are the low forehead, profuse, generally confluent eyebrows, abundant long eyelashes, eyes that frequently slant downwards and outwards in antimongoloid fashion, pug nose with prominent anteverted nostrils, increased distance between nose and vermilion border of upper lip, slight reduction in size of chin, and often abnormally low-placed ears. The etiology of de Lange's syndrome is at present unknown. (+info)
Relation between epistaxis, external nasal deformity, and septal deviation following nasal trauma.
OBJECTIVES: To find if the presence of epistaxis after nasal trauma can be used to predict post-traumatic external nasal deformity or a symptomatic deviated nasal septum. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients seen in the fractured nose clinic by the first author between 17 October 2003 and 27 February 2004. Presence of epistaxis, newly developed external nasal deformity, and the presence of a deviated nasal septum with new symptoms of nasal obstruction were noted. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients were included in the study. Epistaxis following injury was noted in 106 (76%). Newly developed external nasal deformity was noted in 71 (51%), and 33 (24%) had a deviated nasal septum with new symptoms of nasal obstruction. Of the 106 patients with post-trauma epistaxis, 50 (67%) had newly developed external nasal deformity and of the 33 patients without post-traumatic epistaxis, 11 (33%) had nasal deformity (p<0.05). Post-trauma epistaxis was not associated with the presence of a newly symptomatic deviated septum (25% in patients with epistaxis after injury versus 18% if there was no epistaxis). CONCLUSIONS: Presence of epistaxis after nasal trauma is associated with a statistically significant increase in external nasal deformity. However, one third of patients without epistaxis following nasal trauma also had external nasal deformity and hence all patients with a swollen nose after injury, irrespective of post-trauma epistaxis, still need to be referred to the fractured nose clinic. (+info)
Palatal development of preterm and low birthweight infants compared to term infants -- What do we know? Part 3: discussion and conclusion.
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that prematurity and adjunctive neonatal care is 'a priori' a risk for disturbances of palatal and orofacial development which increases the need for later orthodontic or orthognathic treatment. As results on late consequences of prematurity are consistently contradictory, the necessity exists for a fundamental analysis of existing methodologies, confounding factors, and outcomes of studies on palatal development in preterm and low birthweight infants. METHOD: A search of the literature was conducted based on Cochrane search strategies including sources in English, German, and French. Original data were recalculated from studies which primarily dealt with both preterm and term infants. The extracted data, especially those from non-English paper sources, were provided unfiltered in tables for comparison (Parts 1 and 2). RESULTS: Morphology assessment of the infant palate is subject to non-standardized visual and metrical measurements. Most methodologies are inadequate for measuring a three-dimensional shape. Several confounding factors were identified as causes contributing to disturbances of palatal and orofacial development. CONCLUSION: Taking into account the abovementioned shortcomings, the following conclusions may be drawn for practitioners and prospective investigators of clinical studies. 1) The lack of uniformity in the anatomical nomenclature of the infant's palate underlines the need for a uniform definition. 2) Metrically, non-intubated preterm infants do not exhibit different palatal width or height compared to matched term infants up to the corrected age of three months. Beyond that age, no data on the subject are currently available. 3) Oral intubation does not invariably alter palatal morphology of preterm and low birthweight infants. 4) The findings on palatal grooving, height, and asymmetry as a consequence of orotracheal intubation up to the age of 11 years are inconsistent. 5) Metrically, the palates of orally intubated infants remain narrower posteriorly, beginning at the second deciduous molar, until the age of 11 years. Beyond that age, no data on the subject are currently available. 6) There is a definite need for further, especially metrical, longitudinal and controlled trials on palatal morphology of preterm and low birthweight infants with reliable measuring techniques. 7) None of the raised confounding factors for developmental disturbances may be excluded until evident results are presented. Thus, early orthodontic and logopedic control of formerly premature infants is recommended up to the late mixed dentition stage. (+info)
Mucocutaneous entomophthoramycosis acquired by conjunctival inoculation of the fungus.
Entomophthoramycoses are classified into subcutaneous, mucocutaneous, and primary visceral forms. The mucocutaneous form, also known as rhinoentomophthoramycosis, involves the mucosa and subcutaneous tissues of the nose and is caused by Conidiobolus coronatus (Entomophthora coronata). In this report, we describe the first case of mucocutaneous entomophthoramycosis acquired by introduction of the fungus through the conjunctival mucosa as a consequence of trauma involving contamination with soil. The patient was a 37-year-old man with no other complaints. The lesion was tumoral and extended into the ethmoidal and maxillary sinuses. The histopathologic appearance of the lesion was characteristic of this infection with a granulomatous process rich in eosinophils and with hyphae surrounded by an eosinophilic, periodic acid-Schiff stain-positive halo (Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon). To the best of our knowledge, this case constitutes the first report of mucocutaneous entomophthoramycosis acquired by ocular contamination. (+info)
Patterns of referral for fractured nose during major sporting events.
Giant rhinophyma in a bronchial asthma patient treated by excision and full thickness skin grafting.
A 72-year-old man presented with an unusually severe case of rhinophyma. The pedunculated mass was widely excised and a skin graft from the medial upper arm was applied. A very satisfactory cosmetic result was obtained. (+info)
Imaging in sinonasal sarcoidosis: CT, MRI, 67Gallium scintigraphy and 18F-FDG PET/CT features.