The partially edentulous adult offers a unique and problem-rich resource as a basis for a case-based learning scenario in clinical dentistry in the field of planning oral rehabilitation. However, there is little resource material available to help students negotiate the territory between diagnosis and treatment options of discrete conditions and treatment sequencing once decisions have been made. To address the educational void surrounding the teaching and learning of oral rehabilitation strategies, the authors have developed a CD-ROM 'Interactive Learning in Dentistry: Decision making in the oral rehabilitation of the partially edentulous adult'. The disc emphasises the distinction between 'doing' and 'planning to do' in the decision-making process. After using the disc the students should be able to apply a generic framework to formulate a custom oral rehabilitation plan for their own patient. The disc was evaluated by final-year students from the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney. Response to the program was essentially positive and comments from students have impacted on further development. (+info)
(2/14) Orthodontically assisted restorative dentistry.
As treatment expectations of dental patients continue to escalate we, as restorative dentists, must provide an interdisciplinary treatment approach to ensure optimum results for our patients. In recent years the disciplines of periodontics, endodontics and oral surgery have continued to develop closer working relationships with the field of restorative dentistry. Unfortunately, this is not the common relationship that exists with the discipline of orthodontics. Most orthodontic therapy is directed at the treatment of malocclusion and is conducted with limited or no input from the restorative dentist. Orthodontics offers countless ways of assisting the restorative dentist in achieving treatment goals. Several of these orthodontic opportunities to enhance the restorative treatment plan are reviewed. (+info)
(3/14) Total oral rehabilitation in a patient with portwine stains.
Sturge-Weber syndrome is an uncommon condition characterized by presence of Portwine stains on the face along with ocular disorders, mental retardation, oral involvement and leptomeningeal angiomas. A report of a case with atypical manifestations of this syndrome along with a step-by-step protocol oral rehabilitation of such patients is described. (+info)
(4/14) Witkop's tooth and nail syndrome: a multifaceted approach to dental management.
Witkop's tooth and nail syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of ectodermal dysplasia characterized by hypodontia and nail dysplasia. Mutations in MSX-1 have been shown to be associated with this syndrome. There is failure of development and eruption of the dentition. Tooth shape may vary; the most common forms are conical and narrow crowns. The nails may be spoon shaped and slow growing and affect both finger and toe nails. The nail involvement is more severe in childhood. The present case describes a 14-year-old boy who showed the characteristic features of Witkop's syndrome. A multifaceted approach to the dental management of the patient is discussed. (+info)
(5/14) The effect of local anesthetic on quality of recovery characteristics following dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia in children.
(6/14) Effect of a multi-faceted intervention on gingival health among adults with systemic sclerosis.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of adaptive oral hygiene devices and orofacial exercise to improve gingival health among adults with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Forty-eight patients with SSc were assigned randomly to the multifaceted oral health intervention or usual dental care control group. Participants in the intervention group received a rechargeable, powered Oral-B(R) oscillating-rotating-pulsating toothbrush and a Reach(R) Access Flosser that has a toothbrush-like handle. For those with an oral aperture of less than 40 mm, orofacial exercises were taught. Participants in the control group were each given a manual toothbrush and dental floss. Participants in both groups received instructions and demonstration on the use of the devices, and were requested to perform the respective intervention twice a day for 6 months. Evaluations were at baseline, 3-, and 6-months. The main outcome was gingival index (GI), an indicator of gingival inflammation. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant reduction in GI scores at 6 months (ps<0.005). Reduction in GI scores of the intervention group at 6 months was 20.8% which is considered to be clinically significant. Compared to the control group, the intervention group showed a significant and larger reduction in GI score by 8% at 6 months (p=0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: Results support the use of adaptive devices and orofacial exercise to improve gingival health in adults with SSc when compared to use of manual toothbrushing and finger-held flossing. Recommending and educating patients with SSc to use adaptive devices to clean the tooth surfaces looks promising for long-term oral health improvement. (+info)
(7/14) Child abuse and neglect.
(8/14) Impact of rehabilitation with metal-ceramic restorations on oral health-related quality of life.