Studies on the chemical constituents of stem bark of Millettia leucantha: isolation of new chalcones with cytotoxic, anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-inflammatory activities. (1/19)

Four new chalcone derivatives (1, 4, 7, 10) were isolated from the stem bark of Millettia leucantha KURZ (Leguminosae) along with two known ones (2, 6) and five known flavones (3, 5, 8, 9, 11). Structure elucidation and unambiguous assignment of the isolates were achieved with the aid of 1D and 2D NMR extensive studies. Correlation of 10 to 4 was successfully done by reduction with Et(3)SiH/CF(3)CO(2)H. Moderate cytotoxic activity was observed in chalcones (1, 10), whereas dihydrochalcones (4, 6) showed moderate anti-Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) activity. Interestingly, flavone 8 showed significant anti-inflammatory effects inhibiting both cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and -2.  (+info)

Flavonoids from Millettia nitida var. hirsutissima. (2/19)

From the stems of Millettia nitida var. hirsutissima, three new isoflavone glycosides, formononetin 7-O-beta-D-(6''-ethylmalonyl)-glucopyranoside (1, hirsutissimiside A), 5-O-methyl genistein 7-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3, hirsutissimiside B), retusin 7,8-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4, hirsutissimiside C) and two known isoflavone glycosides (2) and (5) have been isolated. The structures of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic and chemical means.  (+info)

In vitro leishmanicidal constituents of Millettia pendula. (3/19)

The in vitro leishmanicidal constituents of Millettia pendula were examined. Two new compounds, 1 (millettilone A) and 2 (millettilone B), were isolated from the methanol extract of M. pendula, together with six known compounds: 3R-claussequinone (3), pendulone (4), secundiflorol I (5), 3,8-dihydroxy-9-methoxypterocarpan (6), 3,10-dihydroxy-7,9-dimethoxypterocarpan (7), and formononetin (8). Among these, pendulone showed the most potent leishmanicidal activity. Compound 2 was found to be a purple pigment in this heartwood. Their chemical structures were elucidated using spectral methods.  (+info)

Studies on Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre leaves: understanding the mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhea. (4/19)

While data are available on the effect of medicinal plants on intestinal motility and their antibacterial action, there is a paucity of information on their mode of action on various aspects of diarrheal pathogenicity, namely colonization to intestinal epithelial cells and production/action of enterotoxins. Crude decoction of dried leaves of Pongamia pinnata was evaluated for its antimicrobial (antibacterial, antigiardial and antirotaviral) effect; and its effect on production and action of enterotoxins (cholera toxin, CT; Escherichia coli labile toxin, LT; and E. coli stable toxin, ST); and adherence of enteropathogenic E. coli and invasion of enteroinvasive E. coli and Shigella flexneri to epithelial cells. The decoction had no antibacterial, antigiardial and antirotaviral activity, but reduced production of CT and bacterial invasion to epithelial cells. The observed results indicated that the crude decoction of P. pinnata has selective antidiarrheal action with efficacy against cholera and enteroinvasive bacterial strains causing bloody diarrheal episodes.  (+info)

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors from Millettia conraui. (5/19)

A new geranylated isoflavone, 7-O-geranyl-6-methoxypseudobaptigenin (1) was isolated from the stem barks of Millettia conraui, along with known compounds 5-methoxydurmillone (2), conrauinone A (3), beta-amyrine (4), sitosterol (5), 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl sitosterol (6) and n-docosanol (7). Compounds 1 and 4 showed a significant alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The structures of the compounds were determined by analysis of their spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Pongaflavanol: a prenylated flavonoid from Pongamia pinnata with a modified ring A. (6/19)

A new prenylated flavon-4-ol with a modified ring A, which we have named pongaflavanol (1), was isolated from the stem bark of Pongamia pinnata along with the known compound tunicatachalcone (2). The structure of compound 1 was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Isoflavones and rotenoids from the leaves of Millettia brandisiana. (7/19)

A new isoflavone, 4'-gamma,gamma-dimethylallyloxy-5,7,2',5'-tetramethoxyisoflavone, brandisianin A (1), was isolated from the leaves of Millettia brandisiana, along with one synthetically known isoflavone, 7,4'-di-O-prenylgenistein (2) and twelve known compounds. The structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Two isolated compounds were tested for anti-inflammatory activity; 12a-hydroxy-alpha-toxicarol (11) showed significant anti-inflammatory activity.  (+info)

In vitro screening of anti-lice activity of Pongamia pinnata leaves. (8/19)