A 54-year-old man presented with lip swelling, which was not altered by a trial of medication discontinuation. Patch tests showed reactions to bromonitropropane and gold, which were not clinically relevant. Treatment included topical and intralesional glucorticoids as well as tacrolimus ointment. Granulomatous chelitis an idiopathic disorder that is characterized by painless lip edema. It may be found as part of the triad of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. Treatment includes intralesional glucocorticoids as well as systemic therapies. (+info)
A monosymptomatic Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome in an 8-year old boy.
Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) is a systemic neuro-mucocutaneous granulomatous disease, characterized in its classical form by a triad of recurrent facial nerve paralysis, swelling of the lips and lingua plicata. However, this classical triad is rarely present, while the monosymptomatic or oligosymptomatic forms are more frequent. The presence of two or one of the manifestations mentioned above, with granulomatous cheilitis in the biopsy, is sufficient to make the diagnosis of monosymptomatic or oligosymptomatic form of MRS. This syndrome is very rare in childhood, instead, it is more frequent in young adults between the second and third decades of life. We present the case of an 8 years old boy who was brought to us because of a non painful swelling of the upper lip, associated with gingival hypertrophy, that had persisted for more than two months. Given the negative results of the hemato-chemical and instrumental assessments, we performed an upper lip biopsy whose histological study showed granulomatous cheilitis. We diagnosed this case as a monosymptomatic MRS and administered an intralesional steroid therapy using triamcinolone, with complete recovery. (+info)
Cheilitis granulomatosa associated with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome.
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) consists of persistent or recurrent orofacial edema, relapsing facial palsy and fissured tongue. The complete triad of symptoms is uncommon, varying from 8 to 25%. The presentation of only one symptom is more common. The most frequent complaint is facial edema and enlargement of the lips. We describe a case of a 17-year-old Brazilian girl with limited edema of the lower lip and fissured tongue due to MRS. Her complaints had started two years before. She referred previous clinical treatments without success. We proposed intralesional injection of triamcinolone at 20 mg every 15 days associated with oral clofazimine at 50 mg/day for three months. The lip became normal after four triamcinolone injections. Recent studies have considered MRS a granulomatous disease, and possibly the initial presentation of Crohn's disease in orofacial area of some patients. MRS patients, therefore, should be screened and monitored for gastrointestinal symptoms. Corticosteroid treatment seems to be effective in reducing lip enlargement. We discuss the clinical features of this disease, the treatment, and the importance of corticosteroid therapy in cases of MRS-related facial palsy. (+info)
Melkersson Rosenthal syndrome associated with ipsilateral facial, hand, and foot swelling.
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is a complex neuromucocutaneous disorder. A 60-year-old woman presented with granulomatous cheilitis of the lower lip, unilateral facial paralysis, and ipsilateral facial and acral swelling. The result of histopathological evaluation in extremities and inferior lip was compatible with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. (+info)
Granulomatous cheilitis secondary to tuberculosis in a child.
Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) is a rare syndrome that is characterized by a triad of facial paralysis, chronic edema of the lip, and a fissured tongue. Most commonly, one element of the triad precedes the development of the other symptoms. We present a case of cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) as a manifestation of incomplete MRS. As the etiology remains unknown, treatment of CG is challenging. Intralesional glucocorticoids remain the first-line treatment, but recurrences are common. We discuss alternative treatment strategies that include combination therapy with other anti-inflammatory agents and biologics, such as infliximab. (+info)
Isolated eyelid edema in Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome: a case series.