Studies on the constituents of Lonicera species. XVII. New iridoid glycosides of the stems and leaves of Lonicera japonica THUNB.
Four new iridoid glycosides, named L-phenylalaninosecologanin (1), 7-O-(4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3-methoxybenzoyl)secologanolic acid (2), 6'-O-(7alpha-hydroxyswerosyloxy)loganin (3) and (Z)-aldosecologanin (5), were isolated, together with a known one, newly named (E)-aldosecologanin (4), from the stems and leaves of Lonicera japonica. Their structures were established on the basis of chemical and spectral data. (+info)
Loniceroside C, an antiinflammatory saponin from Lonicera japonica.
A new triterpenoid saponin, loniceroside C was isolated from the aerial parts of Lonicera japonica. Its structure was established to be 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl hederagenin 28-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1-->2)-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester by spectroscopic techniques and chemical transformations. Loniceroside C showed in vivo antiinflammatory activity against mouse ear edema provoked by croton oil. (+info)
Tannic acid is an inhibitor of CXCL12 (SDF-1alpha)/CXCR4 with antiangiogenic activity.
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that interaction between the chemoattractant CXCL12/stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha and its receptor CXCR4 plays a pivotal role in the metastasis of various tumors. Our previous studies showed that multi-component Chinese herbal medicines inhibited the effects of CXCL12/CXCR4. As a result of sequential chromatographic fractionation of one herbal medicine ingredient, Lianqiao (fruit of Forsythia suspensa), we observed that tannins were, at least in part, responsible for this activity. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-CXCL12/CXCR4 activity of a commercial tannic acid and evaluate its potential to inhibit tumor cell migration and angiogenesis in vitro. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The inhibitory effect of tannic acid on CXCL12/CXCR4 was measured by chemotaxis assay, ligand binding assay, and fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. The antiangiogenic effect of tannic acid was assessed by in vitro endothelial cell tube formation. RESULTS: Tannic acid, at nontoxic concentrations, specifically inhibited CXCL12-induced human monocyte migration (IC(50), 7.5 micro g/ml) but did not inhibit CCL2-, CCL3-, CCL5-, formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP)-, or C5a-induced migration. The compound markedly blocked CXCL12 binding to THP-1 cells (IC(50), 0.36 micro g/ml). Tannic acid also inhibited CXCL12-induced, but not epidermal growth factor-induced, migration of MDA 231 breast tumor cells. Additionally, 0.5 micro g/ml of tannic acid selectively inhibited CXCL12-mediated, but not basic fibroblast growth factor- or endothelial cell growth supplement-mediated, bovine aorta endothelial cell capillary tube formation. CONCLUSION: These studies indicate that tannic acid is a novel selective CXCL12/CXCR4 antagonist and consequently may provide a mechanistic basis for the reported antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties of tannic acid. (+info)
Simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, protocatechuic acid and protocatechuic aldehyde in Chinese herbal preparation by RP-HPLC.
In the present study, a reversed phase high performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was established for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, protocatechuic acid and protocatechuic aldehyde in a Chinese herbal preparation (Fufang-Pugongying-Mixture). The separation was performed on a Hypersil ODS-2 column by isocratic elution with methanol and 0.2 M acetate buffer (pH 3.6) (15 : 85, v/v) as the mobile phase at the flow-rate of 1.0 ml/min with operating temperature of 30 degrees C, and detection wavelength of 300 nm. A good linear regression relationship between peak-areas and concentrations was obtained over the range of 2-200 microg/ml for the five marker compounds mentioned above. The spike recoveries were within 96.72-104.07%. The variation coefficient (CV) values of the precision were in the range of 0.89-4.50%. Moreover the developed method has reference value for quantitative analysis of Taraxacum, Lonicera and Angelica. (+info)
Effects of chlorogenic acid, an active compound activating calcineurin, purified from Flos Lonicerae on macrophage.
AIM: To investigate the activation of chlorogenic acid (CHA) purified from Flos Lonicerae to calcineurin and its effects on macrophage functions in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: According to the screening results that Flos Lonicerae could activate calcineurin, the active component which could activate calcineurin was purified from Flos Lonicerae by column chromatography on silica gel and identified as CHA. The activation of CHA on calcineurin had been validated with both p-NPP and 32P-labeled RII peptide as the substrates. The clearance of charcoal particles in normal mice and the cytotoxicity of U937 to MCF-7 were used together to determine the effects of CHA on macrophage functions. RESULTS: CHA could activate calcineurin, and the concentration of CHA on maximal activating calcineurin was 282.5 micromol/L. CHA administration (10 mg/kg, ig, 7 d) significantly enhanced the macrophage functions in normal mice. CHA (70.6, 141.2, and 282.5 micromol/L) obviously increased the cytotoxicity of U937 to MCF-7. CONCLUSION: CHA could activate calcineurin and enhance the macrophage functions in vivo and in vitro, and its functions in vivo may be realized via the signal pathways of calcineurin. (+info)
Discrimination of Lonicera japonica THUNB. from different geographical origins using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.
Lonicera japonica THUNB. is a commonly used anti-inflammatory herbal medicine. The therapeutic effectiveness of L. japonica depends significantly on its geographical origin. However, it is difficult to define criteria for confirming geographical authenticity using microscopic and chemical characteristics. In the present study, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA loci of L. japonica from different origins and related species was sequenced. The mutation site found in the ITS region from geo-authentic L. japonica can be recognized by the restriction endonuclease EcoN I. Since PCR products from geo-authentic L. japonica cannot be digested completely, a quantitative restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis method was developed. The cleavage rate of PCR products by EcoN I was determined to be more than 70% in all geo-authentic L. japonica and less than 20% in non-geo-authentic L. japonica and other species from genus Lonicera. The rate correlated remarkably with the geographical origin of L. japonica. Therefore, this method can be used to classify geo-authentic L. japonica. (+info)
Simultaneous qualitation and quantification of thirteen bioactive compounds in Flos lonicerae by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector and mass spectrometry.
A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with diode array detector (DAD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was established for the simultaneous determination of thirteen bioactive compounds in Flos Lonicerae. The optimal chromatographic conditions were obtained on a C(18) column (250x4.6 mm, 5.0 microm) with the column temperature at 30 degrees C. The mobile phase was composed of (A) acetic acid aqueous (0.4%, v/v) and (B) acetonitrile using a gradient elution, the flow rate was 1 ml/min. Detection wavelengths were set at 240 nm for iridoids (loganin, sweroside, secoxyloganin and centauroside), 330 nm for phenolic acids (chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 4,5-di-O-caffeoyl quinic acid and 3,4-di-O-caffeoyl quinic acid) and 360 nm for flavonoids (rutin, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-glucoside, luteolin-7-O-glucoside and lonicerin). The identities of the peaks were accomplished by comparing retention times, UV and mass data with reference compounds under the same conditions. All calibration curves showed good linear regression (r(2)>0.9983) within test ranges. The developed method provided satisfactory precision and accuracy with overall intra-day and inter-day variations of 0.78--1.85% and 1.13--2.36%, respectively, and the overall recoveries of 91.3--104.2% for the thirteen compounds analyzed. The verified method was successfully applied to quantitative determination of the three types of bioactive compounds in ten commercial Flos Lonicerae samples from different markets in China. The analytical results demonstrated that the contents of the thirteen analytes were relatively variant. (+info)
Analysis of interaction property of bioactive components in Flos Lonicerae Japonicae with protein by microdialysis coupled with HPLC-DAD-MS.
Interaction of the Flos Lonicerae Japonicae (FLJ) with protein was studied by microdialysis coupled with HPLC-DAD-MS. Eight compounds were identified by comparing their t(R), UV data and MS data with reference compounds. Microdialysis recoveries and binding degrees of compounds in FLJ with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were determined. Recoveries of microdialysis sampling ranged from 51.3 to 73.2% with relative standard deviation (RSD) below 3.1%, and the binding degrees of those compounds to BSA ranged from 4.8 to 61.2 (0.3 mM BSA) and from 11.1 to 76.2% (0.6 mM BSA), respectively. The results showed that the binding properties of compounds in FLJ were influenced by pH. Furthermore, the binding degrees of five reference compounds were determined separately under the same conditions, the binding degrees of chlorogenic acid, luteolin-3-O-glucoside and 4,5-di-O-caffeoyl quinic acid was lower in FLJ than in single compound solution, on the contrary the binding degree of caffeic acid and rutin was higher in FLJ, which indicated that a significant effects of the interaction of compounds with each other on their binding degrees to BSA. The results showed that there were ten compounds had interaction with BSA, eight of them were the proven active compounds, and the other two compounds had similar binding degree with the proven active compounds, so the ten compounds might possess potential activities. (+info)