Motivation for and satisfaction with orthodontic-surgical treatment: a retrospective study of 28 patients.
Motivation for starting treatment and satisfaction with treatment results were evaluated on the basis of replies to a 14-item questionnaire and clinical examination of 28 orthognathic patients from 6 months to 2 years after treatment. The most common reasons for seeking professional help were problems in biting and chewing (68 per cent). Another major reason was dissatisfaction with facial appearance (36 per cent). Many patients also complained of temporomandibular joint symptoms (32 per cent) and headache (32 per cent). Women (8/19) were more often dissatisfied with their facial appearance than men (2/9), but the difference was not statistically significant. In agreement with earlier studies, the results of orthognathic treatment fulfilled the expectations of almost every patient. Nearly 100 per cent of the patients (27/28) were satisfied with treatment results, although 40 per cent experienced some degree of numbness in the lips and/or jaw 1 year post-operatively. The most satisfied patients were those who stated temporomandibular disorders as the main reason for seeking treatment and whose PAR-index had improved greatly. The majority of the patients experienced the orthodontic treatment as painful and as the most unpleasant part of the whole treatment, but all the patients were satisfied with the pre-treatment information they were given on orthodontics. Orthodontic-surgical therapy should be of a high professional standard technically, but the psychological aspects are equally important in the treatment protocol. The professionals should make efforts to understand the patient's motivations for and expectations of treatment. Patients should be well prepared for surgery and supported for a long time after to help them to adjust to post-surgical changes. (+info)
Lower frequency of focal lip sialadenitis (focus score) in smoking patients. Can tobacco diminish the salivary gland involvement as judged by histological examination and anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies in Sjogren's syndrome?
OBJECTIVES: Prospectively collected computer database information was previously assessed on a cohort of 300 patients who fulfilled the Copenhagen classification criteria for primary Sjogren's syndrome. Analysis of the clinical data showed that patients who smoked had a decreased lower lip salivary gland focus score (p<0.05). The aim of this original report is to describe the tobacco habits in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome or stomatitis sicca only and to determine if there is a correlation between smoking habits and focus score in lower lip biopsies as well as ciculating autoantibodies and IgG. METHODS: All living patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome or stomatitis sicca only, who were still in contact with the Sjogren's Syndrome Research Centre were asked to fill in a detailed questionnaire concerning present and past smoking habits, which was compared with smoking habits in a sex and age matched control group (n=3700) from the general population. In addition, the patients previous lower lip biopsies were blindly re-evaluated and divided by the presence of focus score (focus score = number of lymphocyte foci per 4 mm(2) glandular tissue) into those being normal (focus score 1). Furthermore the cohort was divided into three groups; 10-45, 46-60 and >/= 61 years of age. Finally the focus score was related to the smoking habits. Seroimmunological (ANA; anti-SSA/Ro antibodies; anti-SSB/La antibodies; IgM-RF and IgG) samples were analysed routinely. RESULTS: The questionnaire was answered by 98% (n=355) of the cohort and the percentage of current smokers, former smokers and historical non-smokers at the time of lower lip biopsy was not statistically different from that of the control group. Cigarette smoking at the time of lower lip biopsy is associated with lower risk of abnormal focus score (p<0.001; odds ratio 0.29, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.50). The odds ratio for having focal sialadenitis (focus score > 1) compared with having a non-focal sialadenitis or normal biopsy (focus score /= 61: odds ratio 0.36, 95%CI 0.10 to 1.43) although there was only statistical significance in the two younger age groups. Moreover, among current smokers at the time of the lower lip biopsy there was a decreasing odds ratio for an abnormal lip focus score with increasing number of cigarettes smoked per week (p trend 0.00). In the group of former smokers, which included patients that had stopped smoking up to 30 years ago, the results were in between those of the smokers and the historical non-smokers (odds ratio 0.57, 95%CI 0.34 to 0.97, compared with never smokers). Present or past smoking did not correlate with the function of the salivary glands as judged by unstimulated whole sialometry, stimulated whole sialometry or salivary gland scintigraphy. Among former smokers, the median time lapse between the first symptom of primary Sjogren's syndrome and the performance of the lower lip biopsy was approximately half as long as the median time lapse between smoking cessation and biopsy (8 versus 15 years). Hence, symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome are unlikely to have had a significant influence on smoking habits at the time of the biopsy. Among the seroimmunological results only anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies reached statistical significance in a manner similar to the way smoking influenced the focus score in lower lip biopsies. On the other hand the level of significance was consistently more pronounced for the influence of smoking on the focus score than for the influence on anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La autoantibodies. CONCLUSION: This is believed to be the first report showing that cigarette smoking is negatively associated with focal sialadenitis-focus score >1-in lower lip biopsy in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. Furthermore, tobacco seems to decrea (+info)
Nodular fasciitis in the oral cavity.
Rapidly growing soft-tissue lesions in the oral and maxillofacial region can represent a variety of diagnoses involving radically different treatment modalities. Accurate diagnosis is important to avoid unnecessary and often mutilating surgery. Nodular fasciitis is a rapidly proliferating fibroblastic lesion that presents as a tumour-like mass. Although up to 20% of cases occur in the head and neck region, lesions of the oral cavity are extremely rare. A case of oral nodular fasciitis is described, and a review of the literature is presented. (+info)
Adverse reactions associated with the use of eugenol in dentistry.
Eugenol is a material commonly used in dentistry with few reported side effects. It is not however, a bio-friendly material when in contact with oral soft tissues. It can produce both local irritative and cytotoxic effects, as well as hypersensitivity reactions. Here we report on two cases of adverse local reaction to eugenol, contained within a temporary restorative material and a temporary cementation material respectively, which illustrate these problems. (+info)
A case of focal acantholytic dyskeratosis occurring on both the lip and the anal canal.
Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis has a distinctive histological pattern that is associated with various clinical expressions. It rarely occurs on the lip or the perianal area. We report a patient with focal acantholytic dyskeratosis occurring on both the upper lip and the anal canal. Histopathologically, the lesions showed hyperkeratosis, suprabasilar clefting, epidermal acantholysis and dyskeratosis. This case represents the first report of a focal acantholytic dyskeratosis occurring on both the lip and the anal canal. (+info)
Clinical presentation and differential diagnosis of nasolabial cyst.
Nasolabial cyst is a rare non-odontogenic, soft-tissue, developmental cyst occurring inferior to the nasal alar region. The patient usually presents with a slowly enlarging asymptomatic swelling, typically without radiographic abnormalities. This paper documents the presentation and management of a 46-year-old woman with a nasolabial cyst. The histopathologic features, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are discussed. (+info)
Goldenhar's syndrome--case report.
Goldenhar's syndrome is a rare condition described initially in the early 1950's. It is characterized by a combination of anomalies: dermal epibulbar cysts, auricular appendices and malformation of the ears. In 1963, Gorlin suggested the name oculo-auriculo-vertebral (OAV) dysplasia for this condition and also included vertebral anomalies as signs of the syndrome. The etiology of this rare disease is not fully understood, as it has shown itself variable genetically and of unclear causes. This work reports a case of Goldenhar's syndrome in an 11-year-old female, who presented all classical signs of this rare condition (+info)
Van der Woude syndrome: a review. Cardinal signs, epidemiology, associated features, differential diagnosis, expressivity, genetic counselling and treatment.
Congenital pits of the lower lip constitute a rare developmental malformation, transmitted by an autosomal dominant mode, with considerable heterogeneity as regards the expression of the disorder. They are present in van der Woude syndrome (VWS), in which clefts of the upper lip and/or palate are often observed. Literature related to the various parameters associated with and relevant to the disorder is extensive. The purpose of this review is to cover, synthesize and categorize the existing knowledge into distinct entities, in order to facilitate understanding of the aetiopathogenesis of the malformation, its clinical manifestations and histological features, the epidemiology of the syndromic situation and the fundamental approach to an integral differential diagnosis. Special emphasis is given to the rationale underlying the treatment modalities that have been suggested, and the necessity for appropriate genetic counselling, as the disorder shows a high affinity with clefts and a familial type of occurrence. (+info)