Photodynamic inactivation of in vitro bacterial cultures from pressure ulcers.
PURPOSE: To evaluate in vitro the antibacterial effect of diode laser light of wavelength 650 nm, in association with the photosensitive substance toluidine blue, on the bacteria in infected skin ulcers. METHODS: Samples were collected by means of swabs containing a medium for transporting infected material from skin ulcers. The material was inoculated into culturing medium containing azide blood agar for the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, and MacConkey agar for Gram-negative bacteria, and incubated for 48 hours. The results obtained from counting the colony-forming units were correlated and subjected to statistical analysis, adopting the significance level of p > or = 0.05. RESULTS: From analysis of variance (ANOVA), the result for the general mean was p = 0.0215. Using the t test with post-hoc test, the result for TBO vs. Control was p = 0.0186, and for TBO + Laser vs. Control it was p = 0.0039. CONCLUSION: There was a significant reduction in colony-forming units when the cultures were subjected to photodynamic therapy. (+info)
Effect of 650 nm low-power laser on bone morphogenetic protein in bone defects induced in rat femors.
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of 650 nm GaAlAs laser on the action of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) in bone defects produced in rat femurs. METHODS: The sample consisted of 12 male albino Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus). The animals were randomly divided into four experimental groups. After undergoing anesthesia, the fur was removed from the lateral face of the right thigh and surgical dissection was performed to view the femur region. A bone defect was created using a spherical diamond-tipped drill bit. In groups 1 and 2, the defect was filled with a paste of Gen-Tech bone-inducing substance. The animals were treated with GaAlAs laser, at a predetermined dose of joules/cm(2) for 80 seconds, over an area of 1 cm(2). Groups 2 and 4 were used as controls. Bone samples were removed to perform histological procedures and morphometric analyses on the 7th, 14th and 21st days after the operation. The results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using ANOVA variance according to two criteria, with four repetitions, followed by the post hoc t test. The rejection level for the nullity hypothesis was 0.05 or 5% (alpha < or = 0.05). RESULTS: In comparisons between G1, G2, G3 and G4, p = 0.024 was observed. In statistical comparisons using the t test for paired samples, only G1 vs. G4 presented a statistically significant result (p = 0.021). CONCLUSION: The association of low-power laser application and Gen-Tech bone-inducing substance achieved a better result than laser application alone or BMP use alone. (+info)
Bone tissue microscopic findings related to the use of diode laser (830 nm) in ovine mandible submitted to distraction osteogenesis.
PURPOSE: To analyze the microscopic characteristics of the effect of Gallium-Aluminum Arsenid diode laser (GaAlAs - 830etam) applied during the activation and consolidation period to ovine mandibles submitted to distraction osteogenesis. METHODS: Eighteen sheep underwent surgery in order to have bone distractors implanted in the left side of the jaw area. They were divided into three groups: 1 - Control; 2 - Laser irradiation during the activation period; 3 - Laser irradiation during the fixation period. The irradiation was carried out in five sessions, on every other day, with 4,0J/cm(2) doses applied to four pre-established areas, totaling 16J per session. After four days of latency under post-operative care, ten days of distractor activation (at 1mm/day) and twenty-one days of fixation the animals were sacrificed and the devices removed for microscopic analysis. RESULTS: The groups that received laser irradiation (GaAlAs) presented a greater amount of mineralized bone trabeculae when compared to the Control Group. Despite that, cartilaginous tissues were also found in Group 2. CONCLUSION: The laser has been more favorable when used in the consolidation period, after bone elongation. (+info)
Long-term outcome of trans-scleral diode laser cyclophotocoagulation in refractory glaucoma.
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcome and complications of diode laser cyclophotocoagulation (DCPC) may be important, since eyes, once treated with DCPC, are less likely to be subjected to other types of interventions in the further follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective review of 131 eyes of 127 patients treated from 2000 through 2004. Success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) at last visit 6-21 mm Hg; hypotony: IOP +info)
The use of light-emitting diodes to stimulate mitochondrial function and liver regeneration of partially hepatectomized rats.
The biostimulating effect of laser radiation has been observed in many areas of Medicine. However, there are still several questions to be answered, among them the importance of light coherence in the stimulatory process. In the present study, we used light-emitting diodes (LED) to promote the stimulation of liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy in rats. Fourteen male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were submitted to partial hepatectomy (70%) followed by LED light irradiation (630 nm) of the remaining part of the liver at two doses, i.e., 10 (N = 7) and 140 (N = 7) J/cm(2). A group irradiated with laser, 590 nm (N = 7, 15 J/cm(2)) was performed for the study of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-labeling index. Data are reported as mean +/- SEM. Statistical comparisons of the groups were performed by analysis of variance for parametric measurements followed by the Bonferroni post-test, with the level of significance set at P < 0.05. Respiratory mitochondrial activity was increased in the irradiated groups (states 3 and 4; P < 0.05), with better results for the group exposed to the lower LED dose (10 J/cm(2)). The proliferating cell nuclear antigen-labeling index, by immunohistochemical staining, was similar for both LED-exposed groups (P > 0.05) and higher than for the control group (P < 0.05). The cell proliferation index obtained with LED and laser were similar (P > 0.05). In conclusion, the present results suggest that LED irradiation promotes biological stimulatory effects during the early stage of liver regeneration and that LED is as effective as laser light, independent of the coherence, divergence and cromaticity. (+info)
Antimicrobial effects of photodynamic therapy on patients with necrotic pulps and periapical lesion.
Effects of Smads and BMPs induced by Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on calcification ability of human dental pulp cells.
We investigated the effects of Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on the mineralization ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells and on Smads and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) production as one mechanism for the transmission of laser photochemical energy to cells. HDP cells in vitro were irradiated once with a Ga-Al-As laser at 1.0 W for 500 s, and calcified nodule formation was assessed by Alizarin red S staining. The laser irradiation was greater in the laser-irradiated group than in the non-irradiated group. Both calcium production and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were higher after laser irradiation. Expression of mRNAs for Smad1, Smad7, BMPs, ALP, and osteocalcin was greater after laser irradiation, whereas expression of Smad6 mRNA was inhibited. Production of BMP-2 and BMP-4 in conditioned medium was also higher after laser irradiation. These results suggest that Smads and BMPs play important roles in ALP activity and calcification upon laser irradiation of HDP cells. (+info)
Near-infrared light via light-emitting diode treatment is therapeutic against rotenone- and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion-induced neurotoxicity.