Description of Kingella potus sp. nov., an organism isolated from a wound caused by an animal bite.
We report the isolation and characterization of a hitherto unknown gram-negative, rod-shaped Neisseria-like organism from an infected wound resulting from a bite from a kinkajou. Based on both phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown organism be classified as a new species, Kingella potus sp. nov. (+info)
Utility of extended blood culture incubation for isolation of Haemophilus, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella, and Kingella organisms: a retrospective multicenter evaluation.
The incidence of and average time to detection for Haemophilus, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella, and Kingella (HACEK) bacteria in blood cultures with standard incubation and the utility of extended incubation of blood culture bottles were reviewed at four tertiary care microbiology laboratories. HACEK organisms were isolated from 35 (<0.005%) of 59,203 positive blood cultures. None of 407 blood cultures with extended incubation grew HACEK or other bacteria. Bacteremia from HACEK bacteria is rare, and extended incubation of blood cultures to recover HACEK bacteria is unnecessary. (+info)
Endocarditis after closure of ventricular septal defect by transcatheter device.
Advances in interventional cardiology have enabled the treatment of severe congenital heart defects without the need for surgery. The percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects and, more recently, ventricular septal defects is considered a safe procedure with fewer complications and less morbidity compared with surgery. We report on a 2-year-old child who developed endocarditis after ventricular septal defect closure with an Amplatzer device. The patient recovered after intravenous antibiotics and anticoagulation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of endocarditis associated with ventricular septal defect closure device insertion. (+info)
Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Neisseria elongata subsp. elongata in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome.
A case is reported of prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Neisseria elongata subsp. elongata in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome. This is believed to be only the third case of endocarditis reported due to this subspecies. N. elongata is difficult to identify, and is morphologically and biochemically similar to Kingella spp. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene is useful for identification. The patient was successfully treated with amoxicillin and gentamicin, followed by ceftriaxone. (+info)
HACEK infective endocarditis: characteristics and outcomes from a large, multi-national cohort.
Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Neisseria, Acinetobacter, Moraxella, and Kingella based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis.
We obtained 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data for strains belonging to 11 species of Proteobacteria, including the type strains of Kingella kingae, Neisseria lactamica, Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata, [Neisseria] ovis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella osloensis, [Moraxella] phenylpyruvica, and Acinetobacter lwoffii, as well as strains of Neisseria subflava and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. The data in a distance matrix constructed by comparing the sequences supported the proposal that the genera Acinetobacter and Moraxella and [N.] ovis should be excluded from the family Neisseriaceae. Our results are consistent with hybridization data which suggest that these excluded taxa should be part of a new family, the Moraxellaceae. The strains that we studied can be divided into the following five groups: (i) M. lacunata subsp. lacunata, [N.] ovis, and M. catarrhalis; (ii) M. osloensis; (iii) [M.] phenylpyruvica; (iv) A. calcoaceticus and A. lwoffii; and (v) N. meningitidis, N. subflava, N. lactamica, and K. kingae. We agree with the previous proposal that [N.] ovis should be renamed Moraxella ovis, as this organism is closely related to Moraxella species and not to Neisseria species. The generically misnamed taxon [M.] phenylpyruvica belongs to the proposed family Moraxellaceae, but it is sufficiently different to warrant exclusion from the genus Moraxella. Further work needs to be done to investigate genetically similar species, such as Psychrobacter immobilis, before the true generic position of this organism can be determined. Automated 16S rDNA sequencing with the PCR allows workers to accurately determine phylogenetic relationships between groups of organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) (+info)
Identification of four complete type 4 pilin genes in a single Kingella denitrificans genome.
We have cloned and sequenced four complete type 4 pilin genes from the type strain (ATCC 33394) of Kingella denitrificans. Two of these pilin genes, kdpB and kdpD, are in tandem, oriented in the same direction, and encode pilins of only 50% amino acid identity. The kdpA and kdpC loci are separately located from the kdpB-kdpD locus and from each other. At the DNA level kdpA and kdpC are nearly identical to kdpB and encode pilin proteins that are identical to KdpB. Bands of multiple hybridization previously hypothesized to be due to partial silent pilin gene loci are now shown to be due to the presence of 18-bp repeat sequences (IR18) associated with the pilin gene coding regions. These IR18 sequences exist most often as inverted repeats separated by 8 bp. IR18 sequences are structurally similar to the repetitive extragenic palindromic sequences of Escherichia coli, although they have different DNA sequences. The IR18 sequences also demonstrate homology to the DNA uptake sequences of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and may serve a similar function for K. denitrificans. (+info)