Activity-guided isolation of saponins from Kalopanax pictus with anti-inflammatory activity.
By bioassay-guided separation, a known saponin, kalopanaxsaponin A (1) and a new saponin, pictoside A (2) were isolated from the stem bark of Kalopanax pictus as anti-inflammatory components when evaluated by vascular permeability test. Another novel saponin, pictoside B (3) was also isolated but was inactive in the test system used. The structures of pictosides A and B were elucidated as caulophyllogenin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (2) and pictogenin (3beta,6beta,16alpha,23-tetrahydroxyolean-12-ene-28-oic acid) 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (3), respectively, by spectral analysis and by chemical degradation. Kalopanaxsaponin A and pictoside A showed significant anti-inflammatory activity at the oral doses of 50 mg/kg. (+info)
Antiinflammatory activity of alpha-hederin methyl ester from the alkaline hydrolysate of the butanol fraction of Kalopanax pictus bark extract.
Three antiinflammatory saponin components were isolated from the alkaline hydrolysate of a butanol-soluble portion of Kalopanax pictus bark extract through an in vivo activity-guided fractionation procedure. The hydrolysate showed inhibition of adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. After further fractionation, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited antiarthritic activity, which resulted in the isolation of alpha-hederin, alpha-hederin methyl ester, and kalopanaxsaponin I. All compounds showed inhibition of vascular permeability in mice, but only alpha-hederin methyl ester showed anticarrageenan activity in rats and antiarthritic activity in rats and mice. (+info)
A new triterpene hexaglycoside from the bark of Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz.