Nuclear pharmacy, Part I: Emergence of the specialty of nuclear pharmacy.
OBJECTIVE: Nuclear pharmacy was the first formally recognized area in pharmacy designated as a specialty practice. The events leading to nuclear pharmacy specialty recognition are described in this article. After reading this article the nuclear medicine technologist or nuclear pharmacist should be able to: (a) describe the status of nuclear pharmacy before recognition as a specialty practice; (b) describe the events that stimulated pharmacists to organize a professional unit to meet the needs of nuclear pharmacists; and (c) identify the steps by which nuclear pharmacists become board certified in nuclear pharmacy. (+info)
Building a medical history collection.
The importance of a clearly defined policy for building a medical historical collection is stressed in relation to the type of library and to the financial possibilities for building the collection and for the proper housing, preservation, servicing, and bibliographic control of such a collection. (+info)
A further perspective on medical history collecting.
Part of the proper academic function of the medical librarian is to pay attention to the sources of modern medical knowledge. Secondary works on the history of medicine should be acquired and at least one subject field emphasized for collection in depth historically. (+info)
The role of World War II and the European theater of operations in the development of anesthesiology as a physician specialty in the USA.
World War II was a time of growth and development of anesthesia as a physician specialty. Wartime training exposed neophyte physician-anesthetists to role models who showed the potential of anesthesiology and to the richness of practicing anesthesia. Wartime anesthesia required dexterity, imagination, and pluck, and surgeons and other physicians were suitably impressed. Drawing historical conclusions about cause and effect is hazardous. Recognized and unrecognized biases, preconceived notions, and the quality and type of resources available affect writers. With this in mind, consider how the effects of World War II on the growth of physician anesthesia loosely parallel the growth of anesthesia in Great Britain during the 19th century. Anesthesia became a medical profession in Great Britain because of the interest and support of physicians and the complexity of administering chloroform anesthesia. Similarly, World War II physician-anesthetists showed they could provide complex anesthesia care, such as pentothal administration, regional anesthesia, and tracheal intubation, with aplomb and gained the support of surgical colleagues who facilitated their growth within a medical profession. They returned to a medium ready to support their growth and helped to establish the medical profession of anesthesiology in the United States. (+info)
The birth and death of human single-nucleotide polymorphisms: new experimental evidence and implications for human history and medicine.
Extensive, new databases of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) provide a powerful resource for disease gene discovery, and they will be even more useful as more frequency data become available. Interesting observed genomic patterns include SNP deserts (regions of low SNP incidence) and lengthy regions of linkage disequilibrium containing only a few haplotypes. A variety of genetic studies will benefit from SNP resources. (+info)
On medicine and politics.
This paper explores the relationship between medicine and politics, between medical management of the human body and governmental management of the body politic. It argues that the increasing complexity both of society and of governmental administration of society in the modern age has made it impossible completely to separate medicine from politics. It demonstrates that, along with great potential for social benefit, "medico-politics" brought with it great danger; much harm has been done purportedly to heal the body politic. The paper concludes by suggesting a way for physicians to minimize this danger. (+info)
Smallpox has been known as a disease of man since the earliest times. However, its severity increased greatly during the eighteenth century, stimulating physicians and others to find methods of protection against it. Variolation (the inoculation of smallpox material into the skin) was tried, and for a while found general approval, although its practice was not without danger. In 1796, Edward Jenner began his investigations into the use of cow-pox material (vaccination) as a prophylactic against smallpox, and later showed that vaccination could confer protection. Although vaccination centres were first set up in Canada early in the nineteenth century, the disease on occasion assumed epidemic proportions, such as occurred in Montreal in 1885. Sporadic outbreaks have occurred since then, including the recent case in Toronto. From the public health point of view, maintenance of a high level of immunity to smallpox throughout the general population is necessary if serious epidemics are to be avoided. (+info)
A HISTORICAL MEDICAL COLLECTION, AND SOME OF THE PROBLEMS IT PRESENTS.
The organization of a historical collection in a medical library presents many problems. Among these are space limitations, choice of material to be included, and classification. This paper discusses the organization of the historical collection particularly as it relates to books and journals in the Rudolph Matas Medical Library of Tulane University. The problem of classification is discussed at length. The principal classification systems are reviewed, particularly that of the National Library of Medicine Classification. The expansion of the NLM scheme to suit our purpose is presented. This includes classifying Americana imprints by subject rather than state, changing the termination date of Americana to 1900, grouping the history of specialties with books on the history of medicine, and recognizing the problem involved in reclassifying books on military medicine and surgery. The selection and arrangement of periodicals relating to the history of medicine is also discussed. (+info)