Subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis--case report--.
A 56-year-old female presented with acute subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis. The patient had been treated for breast cancer with disseminated bone and lung metastases. Evacuation of the hematoma with local management of the tumor and bleeding successfully improved her neurological condition and she underwent postoperative radiotherapy. This condition is especially associated with dural metastasis from adenocarcinoma (most frequently stomach cancer) and the clinical outcome depends on the general condition of the patient and the status of the coagulation disorders. If the tumors are multiple, as in this case, extreme caution should be paid to recurrent bleeding in the ipsilateral or contralateral side. (+info)
Simultaneous cranial and spinal subdural hematoma.
A 59-year-old male presented with spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) with concomitant cranial chronic SDH manifesting as mild paraparesis and numbness in both lower extremities. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed simultaneous occurrence of cranial and spinal SDHs. The patient was treated conservatively because of poor medical condition and mild neurological symptoms, and recovered well within 1 month. Serial follow-up MR imaging revealed spontaneous resolution of both lesions, with signal intensity changes suggesting the degenerative process of subacute hematoma. The spinal hematoma may have migrated from the cranial lesion. Spinal SDH is a potential sequela of chronic SDH in the cranium. (+info)
Subacute spinal subdural hematoma associated with intracranial subdural hematoma.
We describe a subacute spinal subdural hematoma in a patient with psot-traumatic subacute intracranial subdural hematoma. CT and MRI demonstrated hematoma within the interhemispheric subdural space and at the lumbar posterior subdural space which extended from the L1 to the S2 level. The lesion showed high signal intensity on both T1 and T2 weighted images. Surgical decompression of the spinal subdural hematoma was performed. The symptoms completely resolved after surgery. Spinal subdural hematoma may be concomitant with or may occur after intracranial subdural hematoma. If a patient with intracranial subdural hematoma complains of low back pain and weakness in both legs; lumbosacral MR examination should be performed to exclude spinal subdural hematoma. (+info)
Delayed hemorrhage following microvascular decompression. Three case reports.
Postoperative hemorrhage is one of the most dangerous complications following microvascular decompression (MVD), and usually occurs within the first 24 hours after MVD operation, whereas delayed hemorrhage is extremely rare. The possible mechanisms of acute and delayed postoperative hemorrhage following MVD seem to be different. Three of 685 patients treated by MVD developed delayed hematoma more than 24 hours after surgery, including two cases at the operative site and one at a remote site. The possible causes of such delayed hemorrhage are discussed. Postoperative monitoring is extremely important after the MVD procedure. If any hemorrhage can be identified at the early stage, valuable time can be won for treatment and better outcome. (+info)
Akinetic mutism responsive to bromocriptine following subdural hematoma evacuation in a patient with hydrocephalus.
An 11-year-old girl with obstructive hydrocephalus developed akinetic mutism after treatment for hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis by ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting. Bilateral chronic subdural hematomas developed about 2 months after insertion of the VP shunt and were evacuated. Postoperatively, the patient developed akinetic mutism, but her condition improved after administration of bromocriptine. Absence of abnormalities on dopamine transporter single photon emission computed tomography, lack of clinical response to levodopa treatment, and normal homovanillic acid concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid all indicated normal dopamine production. Pressure on the periventricular monoamine projections in the thalamus and hypothalamus without major dopamine deprivation in the striatum may have been the most important factors in the development of akinetic mutism in this patient. (+info)
Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma contralateral to an arachnoid cyst.
Arachnoid cysts (AC) are extra-cerebral cerebrospinal fluid collections of unknown origin. They correspond to 1% of all intracranial nontraumatic space-occupying lesions and appear more frequently in the middle fossa (50%). More than 25% of these cysts are incidental findings and the majority of patients are asymptomatic. Seizures, intracranial hypertension signs, neurological deficits, macrocrania, developmental delay and bulging of the skull are the main signs and symptoms of the lesion. AC rupture and bleeding are rare, usually occurring in young adults and associated with trauma. The risk of hemorrhage does not exceed 0.04% / year. We describe the case of a ten-year-old boy who presented with acute signs of intracranial hypertension secondary to a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma, contralateral to an AC of the middle fossa. Three factors were significant in this case: signs and symptoms occurred spontaneously; the presence of an acute subdural hematoma exclusively contralateral to the AC; successful outcome of the conservative treatment. (+info)
Subdural hematoma following spinal cord stimulator implant.
Headache following interventional procedures is a diagnostic challenge due to the multitude of possible etiologies involved. Presentation can be simple (PDPH alone) or complex (exacerbation of pre-existing chronic headache along with PDPH) or headache associated with a new onset intracranial process. Subdural hematoma is a rare complication of cranio-spinal trauma. Cranial subdural hematoma may present in an acute, sub-acute, or chronic fashion. Diagnosis of a subdural hematoma in the wake of a PDPH is difficult, requiring a high level of suspicion. Delayed diagnosis of subdural hematoma is usually related to failure to consider it in the differential diagnosis. Thorough history, assessment of the evolution of symptoms, and imaging studies may identify the possible cause and help direct treatment. Change in the character of initial presenting symptoms may be a sign of resolution of the headache or the onset of a secondary process. We report a case of acute intracranial subdural hematoma secondary to unintentional dural puncture during placement of a permanent spinal cord stimulator lead for refractory angina. There is need for careful follow-up of patients with a known post-dural tear. Failure to identify uncommon adverse events in patients with complicated spinal cord stimulator implantation may lead to permanent injury. (+info)
Subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis of gastric carcinoma: report of two cases.
We treated two cases of a subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis of gastric cancer, from which both patients died. Case 1: A 60-year-old female patient was hospitalized with a diagnosis of type 4 gastric cancer of the antrum. The patient suddenly collapsed, and, subsequently, left hemiplegia and a depressed level of consciousness were noted. A head computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a subdural hematoma with midline shift. The patient was diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma and underwent emergency burr hole irrigation. Case 2: A 73-year-old man was diagnosed with type 4 gastric cancer and a total gastrectomy plus splenectomy were performed together with dissection of the N1 and N2 lymph node groups (D2 dissection) in March 2006 (T3, N2, P0, H0, INFgamma, ly3, v0, por2). Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was performed using oral TS-1; following tests revealed no recurrence in the abdomen. In December 2006, gingival bleeding was noted with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and 10 days later, the patient was hospitalized with chief complaints of impaired consciousness and anorexia. CT scan revealed a right subdural hematoma with a midline shift. The patient was diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma and underwent emergency burr hole irrigation and drainage. The dural biopsy of the two cases revealed adenocarcinoma noted in the dural blood vessel. Special staining revealed CEA-positive adenocarcinoma, and a diagnosis of the dural metastasis of gastric cancer was made. These patients' level of consciousness significantly improved postoperatively. However, DIC developed concurrently, and the patients died on the 13th and 14th postoperative day, respectively. (+info)