Galen (AD 129-200) of Pergamun: anatomist and experimental physiologist. (1/13)

Galen was a brilliant anatomist and pioneer of experimental physiology. His many important discoveries exerted a profound influence on medicine during the next 1400 years. However, his wish to solve all the problems of health and disease led him to speculate and draw mistaken conclusions which were widely believed until after the Renaissance.  (+info)

Hairstyles in the arts of Greek and Roman antiquity. (2/13)

Styling one's hair seems to be an innate desire of humans to emphasize their beauty and power. As reviewed here, hairstyles were influenced by preceding cultures, by religion, by those depicted for gods and emperors on sculptures and coins. In addition, they were determined by aspects of lifestyle such as sports, wealth, and the desire to display inner feelings. The historical changes in fashions can be exemplarily followed by a visitor to an art collection of Graeco-Roman antiquity. The study of hairstyles permits an insight into very basic aspects of the self-conception of individuals and of the respective societies.  (+info)

Hermaphroditism in Greek and Roman antiquity. (3/13)

Since antiquity hermaphrodites have fascinated the mind and excited the imagination. In this paper, such subjects are discussed as legends about the nativity of Hermaphroditus, son of Hermes and Aphrodite, the social status of these bisexual beings, and their fate in Greek-Roman antiquity.  (+info)

The historical origins of the basic concepts of health promotion and education: the role of ancient Greek philosophy and medicine. (4/13)


The astronomical orientation of ancient Greek temples. (5/13)


Asclepius, Caduceus, and Simurgh as medical symbols, part I. (6/13)

This is the first of two articles reviewing the history of medical symbols. In this first article I have briefly reviewed the evolution of the Greek god, Asclepius, (and his Roman counterpart Aesculapius) with the single serpent entwined around a wooden rod as a symbol of western medicine and have alluded to the misplaced adoption of the Caduceus of the Greek god Hermes (and his Roman counterpart Mercury) with its double entwined serpents as an alternative symbol. In the second part of this article (to be published later), I have made a tentative suggestion of why the Simorgh might be adopted as an Eastern or an Asian symbol for medicine.  (+info)

Case notes and clinicians: Galen's "Commentary" on the Hippocratic "Epidemics" in the Arabic tradition. (7/13)


The reported thoracic injuries in Homer's Iliad. (8/13)