The environmental genome project: ethical, legal, and social implications.
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is supporting a multiyear research initiative examining genetic influences on environmental response. Proponents of this new initiative, known as the Environmental Genome Project, hope that the information learned will improve our understanding of environmentally associated diseases and allow clinicians and public health officials to target disease-prevention strategies to those who are at increased risk. Despite these potential benefits, the project presents several ethical and social challenges. Of immediate concern is the protection of individual research participants. Other ethical issues relate to the application of research results and how study findings could affect social priorities. Clarifying these emerging areas of concern, many of which have not received adequate attention in the existing bioethics literature, is an important step toward minimizing potential research-related risks and defining research needs. (+info)
Multiple, genital lobular capillary haemangioma (pyogenic granuloma) in a young woman: a diagnostic puzzle.
A 21 year old woman presented with multiple lobulated lesions on the labia majora. The surface of most of the lesions was ulcerated revealing a glistening surface. All lesions were excised. The histopathology revealed features suggestive of lobular capillary haemangioma (pyogenic granuloma). Pyogenic granuloma is considered as a reactive hyperproliferative vascular response to trauma or other stimuli. A literature search revealed reports of a few cases of lobular capillary haemangioma of the glans penis but not on the female genitalia. This case is presented to help physicians become aware that lobular capillary haemangiomas (pyogenic granuloma) may occur at this site. (+info)
Pyogenic granuloma of the penis--don't squeeze them.
We report the case of a pyogenic granuloma on the shaft of the penis presenting with active bleeding secondary to attempted expression. Previously reported cases have documented such lesions on the prepuce and glans. (+info)
Complications of motility peg placement for porous hydroxyapatite orbital implants.
AIM: To evaluate the complications associated with pegging of porous hydroxyapatite orbital implants. METHODS: Complications associated with pegging were retrospectively reviewed from the charts of 100 of 133 patients with hydroxyapatite implantation from 1993 to 2000. RESULTS: 48 (48%) of the 100 hydroxyapatite implanted patients who had undergone pegging were found to have problems with their pegs, including discharge (45.8%), peg falling out (20.8%), pyogenic granulomas (16.7%), popping peg (14.6%), hydroxyapatite visible around peg hole (8.3%), part of peg shaft visible (6.2%), peg drilled off centre (6.2%), peg drilled at an angle (4.2%), and excess movement of peg (4.2%). The standard peg fell out statistically more often than the peg and sleeve system (Yates's corrected chi(2), p=0.038). There was a trend towards complications of the peg with use of a standard peg (versus sleeved peg) (p=0.226). CONCLUSIONS: There are several potential complications of pegging. Most complications are minor and can be managed successfully. (+info)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) detected in two patients with Kaposi's sarcoma-like pyogenic granuloma.
AIMS: To report the finding of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in two patients with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-like pyogenic granuloma. This form of pyogenic granuloma closely resembles KS histologically and it has been reported that immunohistochemistry in such lesions may be positive for smooth muscle actin and factor VIII related antigen, which are typically negative in KS. In both patients the lesions were positive for CD31, CD34, smooth muscle actin, and factor VIII related antigen, a profile typical of KS-like pyogenic granuloma. The lesions were tested for the presence of HHV-8 DNA, which to date has been consistently found in all types of KS. METHODS: The lesions were tested for the presence of HHV-8 DNA using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A known HHV-8 positive KS specimen was used as the positive control. Six samples of non-KS vascular skin lesions were used as negative controls for the PCR reaction. RESULTS: Both lesions were positive on PCR for HHV-8 and the specificity of product was confirmed by direct sequencing. None of the six control vascular skin lesions was positive for HHV-8. These results strongly indicate KS as the true diagnosis and are supported by the reported clinical course in both cases. CONCLUSIONS: Techniques targeting HHV-8 DNA for detection to confirm a diagnosis of KS are both sensitive and specific. In cases where the differential diagnosis includes KS-like pyogenic granuloma, caution should be taken not to diagnose solely on the basis of immunohistochemistry phenotype. In such cases, PCR targeting HHV-8 DNA sequences is a better diagnostic tool. (+info)
Ampullary pyogenic granuloma as a complication of lacrimal plug migration.
We present a patient with ampullary pyogenic granuloma caused by spontaneous migration of a silicone lacrimal plug. A 43-year-old woman with severely dry eyes was treated with non-absorbable silicone punctal plugs insertion in both superior and inferior puncta. Irritation and purulent discharge gradually developed 3 weeks after implantation. A pink, fleshly ampullary lesion over the left superior punctum was noted later. The migrated silicone plug was found close to the common canaliculus during surgery. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma. A migrated lacrimal plug resulting in pyogenic granuloma is a rare complication. The treatment of choice is removal of the migrated plug as early as possible. Patients with lacrimal plugs insertions should be informed of possible complications and should be followed up regularly for early detection of plug-related problems. (+info)
Expression of endomucin, a novel endothelial sialomucin, in normal and diseased human skin.
Endomucin is an endothelial sialomucin that was recently identified with the help of monoclonal antibodies raised against mouse endothelial cells. Cloning of human endomucin allowed us to generate monoclonal antibodies against soluble recombinant forms of human endomucin. In this study, we investigated the expression of this novel molecule in human skin under different conditions, using the monoclonal antibodies. In normal human skin, endomucin was detected for the monoclonal antibody L6H10 by immunoblotting, and immunohistologic analysis of wax-embedded sections revealed that this glycoprotein is expressed on capillaries, venules, and lymphatic vessels. Interestingly, staining of arterial endothelium was either weak or focal using the monoclonal antibodies against endomucin. In situ hybridization of normal human skin confirmed the expression pattern on the messenger RNA level obtained above. We further analyzed the expression of endomucin in skin biopsy specimens from patients with inflammatory skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, lichen planus, cutaneous lupus erythematosus, and T cell lymphoma as well as with vascular skin tumors, such as hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, angiolipoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, and angiosarcoma. We found endomucin expressed on the endothelium of each tissue, concluding that this novel molecule is a new endothelial-specific marker in the study of normal and diseased human skin. (+info)
Pyogenic granuloma arising in port-wine stain after cryotherapy.
Pyogenic granuloma is a reactive vascular tumor that rarely arises in association with port-wine stain, either spontaneously or after trauma. A 21-year-old woman, presented here, developed a pyogenic granuloma within a facial port-wine stain after treatment with cryotherapy. (+info)