Antipsoriatic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects of an extract of red propolis.
AIM: To study the antipsoriatic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects of ethanolic extract of red propolis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This extract induced the formation of granular layer in the mouse tail test used as a model of psoriasis. Propolis 50 mg.kg-1 i.g. showed anti-inflammatory activity in the cotton-pellet granuloma assay in rats, in croton oil-induced edema in mice at a dose of 25% (2.5 microL), and in the peritoneal capillary permeability test in mice at a dose of 10 mg.kg-1. The extract (25 mg.kg-1 i.g.) showed analgesic effect in the model of acetic acid-induced writhings, whereas 40 mg.kg-1 was effective in the hot plate test in mice. CONCLUSION: Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipsoriatric properties of Cuban red propolis were evident. (+info)
Neuroimaging of a wooden foreign body retained for 5 months in the temporalis muscle following penetrating trauma with a chopstick--case report.
A 48-year-old female was stabbed by her husband with a chopstick made of wood in the left temporal region during a quarrel. She suffered laceration of the left temporal scalp. At initial examination, she concealed the assault with a chopstick. Radiography showed no abnormality, so the wound was sutured. One month after the injury, a painless subcutaneous mass appeared in the left temporal region which grew rapidly for 3 months. She was then admitted to our department. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed a hyperdense area at the center of the mass. This area was hypointense on both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Temporalis muscle tumor with accompanying central necrosis, old hematoma, and inflammatory granuloma was considered. The mass was totally resected for cosmetic purposes and was found to be wooden foreign body granuloma. High density on CT and hypointensity on both T1- and T2-weighted MR images are characteristic of a chronically retained wooden foreign body in the living body and are useful for detecting wooden foreign bodies in the chronic granulomatous phase. (+info)
MR characteristics of muslin-induced optic neuropathy: report of two cases and review of the literature.
Muslin-induced optic neuropathy is a rarely reported but important cause of delayed visual loss after repair of intracranial aneurysms. Most of the previously reported cases were published before the introduction of MR imaging. We describe the clinical features and MR appearance of two cases of delayed visual loss due to "muslinoma," and compare them with the 21 cases reported in the literature. (+info)
The effects of the concentration of high-density polyethylene particles on the bone-implant interface.
We used a rat model in vivo to study the effects of the concentration of polyethylene particles on the bone-implant interface around stable implants in the proximal tibia. Intra-articular injections of 10(4), 10(6) or 10(8) high-density polyethylene (HDPE) particles per joint were given 8, 10 and 12 weeks after surgery. The animals were killed after 14 and 26 weeks and the response at the interface determined. Fibrous tissue was seen at the bone-implant interface when the head of the implant was flush with the top of the tibia but not when it was sunk below the tibial plateau. In the latter case the implant was completely surrounded by a shell of bone. The area of fibrous tissue and that of the gap between the implant and bone was related to the concentration of particles in the 14-week group (p < 0.05). Foreign-body granulomas containing HDPE particles were seen at the bone-implant interface in animals given 10(8) particles. The pathology resembles that seen around prostheses with aseptic loosening and we suggest that this is a useful model by which to study this process. (+info)
Silicone lymphadenopathy mimicking a lymphoma in a patient with a metatarsophalangeal joint prosthesis.
With lymph node enlargement, the possibility of a malignant process such as metastatic carcinoma or lymphoma needs to be excluded. This report describes a 47 year old woman with inguinal lymph node enlargement initially suspicious for lymphoma. Fine needle aspiration findings favoured reactive hyperplasia, but a malignant process could not be excluded. The final histological diagnosis was a foreign body granulomatous inflammatory response as a result of regionally disseminated silicone particles from an over looked metatarsophalangeal joint prosthesis. Because of the large number of joint prostheses world wide, it should be kept in mind that migration of wear particles can create granulomatous inflammation and node enlargement. (+info)
Endothelial cells of hematopoietic origin make a significant contribution to adult blood vessel formation.
Granulation tissue formation is an example of new tissue development in an adult. Its rich vascular network has been thought to derive via angiogenic sprouting and extension of preexisting vessels from the surrounding tissue. The possibility that circulating cells of hematopoietic origin can differentiate into vascular endothelial cells (ECs) in areas of vascular remodeling has recently gained credibility. However, no quantitative data have placed the magnitude of this contribution into a physiological perspective. We have used hematopoietic chimeras to determine that 0.2% to 1.4% of ECs in vessels in control tissues derived from hematopoietic progenitors during the 4 months after irradiation and hematopoietic recovery. By contrast, 8.3% to 11.2% of ECs in vessels that developed in sponge-induced granulation tissue during 1 month derived from circulating hematopoietic progenitors. This recruitment of circulating progenitors to newly forming vessels would be difficult to observe in standard histological studies, but it is large enough to be encouraging for attempts to manipulate this contribution for therapeutic gain. (+info)
Ultrastructural changes associated with accumulation of inclusion bodies in rat retinal pigment epithelium.
PURPOSE: To determine the structural changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and neighboring structures induced by intravitreal injection of a lysosomal protease inhibitor. METHODS: Eleven-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 5 microliter of a lysosomal protease inhibitor, E-64 (2.22 microM), intravitreally once and killed at 24 hours, 48 hours, or 7 days later. Others received two or three injections at 48-hour intervals or three daily injections, and killed at 1, 4, and 7 days after the last injection. Eyes were enucleated and retinal tissues were processed for light and electron microscopy. RESULTS: A single injection of E-64 caused only a transient accumulation of phagosome-like and phagolysosome-like inclusion bodies in the RPE. By contrast, repeated injection caused progressive accumulation of these inclusions followed by altered RPE cell conformation, and changes in organelles such as loss of smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). This was accompanied by shortening and loss of photoreceptor outer segments without prior dysmorphic changes, alteration of choroidal capillaries, and invasion of Bruch's membrane by fibroblasts and pericytes. Intravitreal injection of vehicle as control induced no structural changes. CONCLUSIONS: E-64 treatment induced structural changes in the outer retina. The causal relationship between accumulation of inclusions in RPE and changes in other subcellular organelles and neighboring cells systems is not clear. However, there are possible explanations: physical disturbance of organelles, particularly SER by inclusions; cellular damage by consequent upon accumulation of A2-E; or, shortage of recycled material due to reduced degradation of phagosomes. (+info)
Large cholesterol granuloma arising from the frontal sinus--case report.
A 59-year-old male presented with a large cholesterol granuloma arising from the frontal sinus manifesting as a large, fluctuated, soft mass in his brow, compressing left eye. Skull radiography showed dilation of the frontal sinus. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic mass extending into the left orbit and anterior cranial fossa. Gross inspection at the frontal craniotomy showed mucinous, dark green fluid intermingled with shining material. The histological diagnosis was cholesterol granuloma with epithelial lining. Large cholesterol granuloma with facial deformity is always associated with bone and cosmetic problems. Wide opening of the frontal sinus followed by cyst wall removal and plastic repair of the skull is necessary. (+info)