(1/136) Autocrine and paracrine motility factors and their involvement in invasiveness in a human oral carcinoma cell line.
Invasive potentials of malignant cancer cells are regulated by cell motility factors. To examine the regulation of motility and invasiveness in oral squamous carcinoma, we investigated autocrine- and/or paracrine-acting cell motility factors, using a newly established human cell line (IF cells) from oral squamous cell carcinoma, which has highly invasive and metastatic characteristics. Conditioned medium derived from IF cells stimulated cell scattering and migration of GB-d1 gallbladder carcinoma cells, indicating that IF cells secreted cell motility factors. Using antibodies, IF-derived cell motility factors proved to be transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha and TGF-beta1. Antibodies against TGF-alpha and TGF-beta1 inhibited autonomous migration of the IF cells. On the other hand, in vitro invasion of IF cells was strongly enhanced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) but only slightly by TGF-alpha and TGF-beta1. The conditioned medium from fibroblasts enhanced in vitro invasion of IF cells, an event abrogated by anti-HGF antibody, but not by antibodies against TGF-alpha and TGF-beta1. Importantly, IF cells secreted a factor inducing HGF production in fibroblasts and the factor was identified as interleukin-1, which means that a mutual interaction exists between tumour cells and fibroblasts, as mediated by the HGF/HGF-inducer loop. These results indicate that IF cells utilize TGF-alpha and TGF-beta1 as autocrine-acting motility factors and HGF as a paracrine-acting motility factor, and that invasiveness of IF cells is particularly stimulated by HGF derived from stromal fibroblasts. Utilization of multiple cell motility/invasion factors that act in distinct pathways may confer highly invasive and metastatic potentials in IF oral squamous carcinoma cells. (+info)
(2/136) Undefined complications of parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid hyperplasia (primary hyperparathyroidism), thyroid follicular adenoma, thyroid papillary carcinoma, temporal astrocytoma, cerebellar meningioma, and hemangioma of external auditory meatus and oral papilloma.
A 59-year-old woman who had parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid hyperplasia, thyroid follicular adenoma, thyroid papillary carcinoma, astrocytoma of the right temporal lobe, cerebellar meningioma, capillary hemangioma of the left external auditory meatus and papilloma of the left upper gingiva is reported. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography with contrast-enhancement and gastrofiberscopy revealed no remarkable findings in the pituitary, pancreas, adrenals, stomach or duodenum. Similar lesions were not found in any family members. Defect of the causative genes of multiple endocrine neoplasia types I and IIa, MENIN and RET was not detected. Further follow-up of this patient and family members is needed. (+info)
(3/136) Deep extension from carcinoma arising from the gingiva: CT and MR imaging features.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CT and MR imaging are useful for evaluating the extension of carcinomas in the face and neck. We evaluated the involvement by carcinoma arising from the gingiva (ie, gingival cancer) by using CT and MR imaging. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 122 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) in the lower (88 patients) and upper (34 patients) gingiva. Extension of SCCA into the spaces of the face and neck was evaluated with CT and MR imaging, and findings were surgically confirmed. RESULTS: Spread into the face and neck spaces occurred in 58% of patients. The buccal space was the most common site of spread, occurring in 42% of the lower and of 47% of the upper gingival cancers. Spread into the masticator space occurred from the lower gingival cancers in the molar region (20%) but not from the anterior region. Masticator space involvement from the upper gingiva was rare (4%). The retromolar triangle and buccal space immediately anterior to the ramus served as a corridor for cancer extension from the lower gingiva into the masticator space. The sublingual space (11%) was a less common site of spread from the lower gingiva. CONCLUSION: Gingival cancers spread into the masticator, buccal, and sublingual spaces depending on the primary sites in the oral cavity. An understanding of the face and neck-space anatomy is important in diagnosing cancer extension in the oral cavity gingiva and in treating patients with such disease. (+info)
(4/136) Gingival metastasis from gallbladder cancer.
Gallbladder cancer is generally diagnosed at an advanced stage. The liver is the most commonly invaded organ by direct extension and/or metastasis, followed by regional lymph nodes. Oral soft tissue metastasis is extremely unusual. This report describes the case of a 62-year-old woman diagnosed with advanced metastatic gallbladder cancer, who initially presented with abdominal pain. Diagnosis of gallbladder cancer was made about 3 months after her symptoms developed, when a laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed because of the suspicion of gallstones. Liver metastasis was also discovered during surgery. A postoperative investigation revealed additional lung and bone metastases. A visible left gingival tumor was found on physical examination and was confirmed as gallbladder cancer metastasis by compatible histopathology 1 month after surgery. The patient responded poorly to chemotherapy and unfortunately died 5 months after the diagnosis. The clinical presentation of gallbladder cancer was relatively typical, apart from the unusual gingival metastasis. The medical literature contains quite a few examples of metastatic lesions located strictly in the oral soft tissue, however no case of gallbladder cancer metastasizing to the oral soft tissue has been previously reported. (+info)
(5/136) Prenatal diagnosis of congenital epulis: a case report.
Congenital epulis or congenital granular cell tumor, is a benign tumor that has rarely been diagnosed prenatally. We report a case of a large congenital epulis diagnosed at 26 weeks of gestation that increased in size during gestation. Color and power Doppler ultrasound examination showed marked blood flow in the tumor. The tumor could be resected completely following Cesarean section and histologically examined. We discuss the prenatal diagnosis and histogenesis of congenital epulis. (+info)
(6/136) Expression of E-cadherin, alpha-catenin, and beta-catenin in the process of lymph node metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Regional lymph node metastasis is a very important prognostic indicator. In the metastatic process, reduction in cell to cell adhesion including E-cadherin-catenin cell adhesion complex is an essential step. We investigated immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin, alpha-catenin and beta-catenin in 159 tissue samples from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and examined the correlation between their expressions and the presence of regional lymph node metastasis. Significantly greater reduction in expression levels of E-cadherin, alpha-catenin and beta-catenin was found in the metastatic group (n=64) compared to the nonmetastatic group (n=95) (P=0.007, 0.001, 0.001, respectively). However, there was no significant correlation between their expressions and the features of the regional metastasis, the number of metastatic lymph nodes or the presence of extracapsular metastasis. These data suggest that evaluation of the immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin, alpha-catenin and beta-catenin is extremely valuable for the diagnosis of metastatic occurrence. (+info)
(7/136) Cemento-ossifying fibroma of mandibular gingiva: single case report.
We report a case of a woman presenting a giant cementoossifying fibroma depending of the mandibular gingivae. The evolution of the process was 20 years. Cemento-ossifying fibroma is a relatively rare tumour classified between fibroosseous lesions. This lesion appears within the bone although in some occasions it involves the gingivae soft tissues, as the case we present. It is a slow-growing and well-defined tumorous lesion, because of this, it is considered as a benign lesion. The histologic findings alone may be similar to other pathologies such as osteoblastoma, low-grade osteosarcoma and particularly to fibrous dysplasia. An accurate diagnosis requires careful clinical, radiological and histological correlation in order to make an optimal treatment and an excellent outcome. (+info)
(8/136) Malignant ameloblastic fibro-odontoma in a dog.
An 11-year-old male Collie was presented with a swelling of the face caused by tumor masses arising from the gingiva. Postmortem examination revealed metastases to the lymph nodes, lung, liver, and orbital cavity. Histologically, the tumor represented a combination of fibrosarcomatous proliferation, pulpal mesenchyme, and undifferentiated odontogenic epithelium, with a follicular or plexiform growth pattern. In addition, the follicular areas of the tumor showed a biphasic character, and there were numerous apoptotic cells in plexiform areas. Furthermore, acidophilic material resembling dysplastic dentine or enamel matrix was observed in the metastatic lesion in the lung. Based on the histological characters, the present case was diagnosed as malignant ameloblastic fibro-odontoma. This study is the first known description of a possible malignant ameloblastic fibro-odontoma in a dog with metastasis to distant organs. (+info)