The role of fibular length and the width of the ankle mortise in post-traumatic osteoarthrosis after malleolar fracture. (1/515)

We assessed the role of fibular length and the width of the ankle mortise as risk factors in the occurrence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the ankle joint by comparison of radiographs of the affected and unaffected sides. A shortened fibular malleolus (P < 0.01), a wide ankle mortise (P < 0.01) and Weber type B fracture (P < 0.01) were significantly associated with the development of osteoarthrosis but an elongated fibular (P > 0.05) and a narrowing of the ankle mortise (P > 0.07) were not.  (+info)

Avulsion fracture of the anterior half of the foramen magnum involving the bilateral occipital condyles and the inferior clivus--case report. (2/515)

A 38-year-old male presented with an avulsion fracture of the anterior half of the foramen magnum due to a traffic accident. He had palsy of the bilateral VI, left IX, and left X cranial nerves, weakness of his left upper extremity, and crossed sensory loss. He was treated conservatively and placed in a halo brace for 16 weeks. After immobilization, swallowing, hoarseness, and left upper extremity weakness improved. Hyperextension with a rotatory component probably resulted in strain in the tectorial membrane and alar ligaments, resulting in avulsion fracture at the sites of attachment, the bilateral occipital condyles and the inferior portion of the clivus. Conservative treatment is probably optimum even for this unusual and severe type of occipital condyle fracture.  (+info)

Sledging related spinal injuries and fracture patterns: a report on five cases. (3/515)

The cases are reported of five patients who presented to The Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham after a sledging accident. All five patients presented consecutively during the first weekend in 1997 having sustained the accident in the same public park. The mechanism and subsequent fracture type is described for each. These injuries are preventable, and increasing public awareness of the risk of sledging in public places may reduce the incidence.  (+info)

Prevention of skin and soft tissue entrapment in tibial segment transportation. (4/515)

We report of a ten year old patient with soft tissue damage and bone defect of the tibia as a sequel of osteomyelitis. After excision and stabilization with an Ilizarov fixateur segment transportation was started. In order to avoid skin and soft tissue entrapment in the docking region, we used a metal cage as a space provider, which was shortened as segment transportation progressed. To our knowledge this simple method has not been described so far.  (+info)

Failure of reduction with an external fixator in the management of injuries of the pelvic ring. Long-term evaluation of 110 patients. (5/515)

We reviewed 110 patients with an unstable fracture of the pelvic ring who had been treated with a trapezoidal external fixator after a mean follow-up of 4.1 years. There were eight open-book (type B1, B3-1) injuries, 62 lateral compression (type B2, B3-2) and 40 rotationally and vertically unstable (type C1-C3) injuries. The rate of complications was high with loss of reduction in 57%, malunion in 58%, nonunion in 5%, infection at the pin site in 24%, loosening of the pins in 2%, injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in 2%, and pressure sores in 3%. The external fixator failed to give and maintain a proper reduction in six of the eight open-book injuries, in 20 of the 62 lateral compression injuries, and in 38 of the 40 type-C injuries. Poor functional results were usually associated with failure of reduction and an unsatisfactory radiological appearance. In type-C injuries more than 10 mm of residual vertical displacement of the injury to the posterior pelvic ring was significantly related to poor outcome. In 14 patients in this unsatisfactory group poor functional results were also affected by associated nerve injuries. In lateral compression injuries the degree of displacement of fractures of the pubic rami caused by internal rotation of the hemipelvis was an important prognostic factor. External fixation may be useful in the acute phase of resuscitation but it is of limited value in the definitive treatment of an unstable type-C injury and in type-B open-book injuries. It is usually unnecessary in minimally displaced lateral compression injuries.  (+info)

The influence of stiffness of the fixator on maturation of callus after segmental transport. (6/515)

The treatment of large bony defects by callus distraction is well accepted, but the duration of treatment is long and the rate of complications increases accordingly. We have examined the effect of the stiffness of the axial fixator on reducing the time for maturation of callus. We created a mid-diaphyseal defect of 15 mm in the metatarsal bone in sheep and stabilised it with a ring fixator. After four days a bony segment was transported for 16 days at 1 mm per day. After 64 days the animals were divided into four groups, three with axial interfragmentary movement (IFM) of 0.5, 1.2 and 3.0 mm, respectively, and a control group. The 3.0 mm IFM group had the smallest bone density (p = 0.001) and area of callus and the largest IFM after 12 weeks; it also had typical clinical signs of hypertrophic nonunion. The most rapid stiffening of the callus was in the 0.5 mm group which had the smallest IFM (p = 0.04) after 12 weeks and radiological signs of bridging of the defect. These results indicate that suitable dynamic axial stimulation can enhance maturation of distraction callus when the initial amplitude is small, but that a large IFM can lead to delayed union.  (+info)

Fracture sacrum. (7/515)

An extremely rare case of combined transverse and vertical fracture of sacrum with neurological deficit is reported here with a six month follow-up. The patient also had an L1 compression fracture. The patient has recovered significantly with conservative management.  (+info)

The biology of fracture healing: optimising outcome. (8/515)

Optimising the results of fracture treatment requires a holistic view of both patients and treatment. The nature of the patient determines the priority targets for outcome, which differ widely between the elderly and the young, and between the victims of high and low energy trauma. The efficacy of treatment depends on the overall process of care and rehabilitation as well as the strategy adopted to achieve bone healing. The rational basis for fracture treatment is the interaction between three elements: (i) the cell biology of bone regeneration; (ii) the revascularisation of devitalized bone and soft tissue adjacent to the fracture; and (iii) the mechanical environment of the fracture. The development of systems for early fracture stabilisation has been an advance. However, narrow thinking centred only on the restoration of mechanical integrity leads to poor strategy--the aim is to optimise the environment for bone healing. Future advances may come from the adjuvant use of molecular stimuli to bone regeneration.  (+info)