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(1/250) Evaluation of the allograft-prosthesis composite technique for proximal femoral reconstruction after resection of a primary bone tumour.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and functional outcomes resulting from the allograft-composite technique used for proximal femoral osteoarticular reconstruction in patients who had limb salvage surgery for primary bone tumours. DESIGN: A retrospective review of a prospectively gathered database to provide a descriptive study. SETTING: A tertiary care musculoskeletal oncology unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Patients treated between 1987 and 1993 were eligible for inclusion in this study if they met the following criteria: they were treated surgically for a primary malignant bone tumour; and a proximal femoral allograft-implant composite technique was used for the reconstruction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Major postoperative complications with emphasis on mechanical complications in the reconstructive composite implant. Functional outcome in a subset of patients using the 1987 and 1994 versions of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society instrument, the Short-Form-36 and the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score. RESULTS: There were 5 mechanical and 2 infectious complications requiring surgical intervention. Functional scores were generally low. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the perceived benefits of the composite technique may accrue only to a few patients, partly owing to the risk of mechanical complications. Although these can be reduced by avoiding the use of cement in the host femur, the generally poor functional outcomes suggest that this technique needs to be studied further in this group of patients and compared with other reconstructive techniques, particularly the prosthetic implant.  (+info)

(2/250) Limb salvage surgery in bone tumour with modular endoprosthesis.

Thirty-three patients with bone tumours were treated by resection of the growth and reconstruction with a Kotz modular endoprosthesis. The average follow-up was for 50 months, ranging from 14 to 79 months. At the last review, 12 patients (36%) had died due to the tumour and 9 others (27%) had metastases. All 4 patients with proximal tibial reconstruction had poor functional results, due to an extension lag or to knee stiffness. Four of the six tumours of the proximal femur were complicated by local recurrence or dislocation of the hip, and had poor or fair functional results. Of the patients with distal femoral reconstruction, 17 out of 22 had excellent or good functional results. Reconstruction with a modular prosthesis after resection of a tumour gives excellent or good functional results in more than three-fourths of the cases of distal femur reconstruction, but it should be used with caution in the proximal tibia and proximal femur.  (+info)

(3/250) Doxorubicin-cisplatin chemotherapy for high-grade nonosteogenic sarcoma of bone. Comparison of treatment and control groups.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of chemotherapy with a combination of doxorubicin (adriamycin) and cisplatin in high-grade, nonosteogenic, non-Ewing's sarcoma (non-OSA) of bone. DESIGN: A case series comparison with a literature-derived control group. SETTING: A university-affiliated tertiary care centre. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with a diagnosis of non-OSA. Of these, 8 had low-grade disease (grade 1 or 2) and 22 had high-grade disease (grade 3). Eleven of the 22 with high-grade disease had malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Seventeen patients with nonmetastatic high-grade non-OSA were compared with a literature cohort of 37 patients who met the eligibility criteria of nonmetastatic, high-grade non-OSA treated with surgery, with or without radiotherapy. The mean follow-up was 25.2 months. INTERVENTIONS: Eight patients with low-grade tumour underwent surgery alone; 22 patients with high-grade tumour underwent surgery and 6 courses of adriamycin (75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks) and cisplatin (100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Disease-free survival and overall survival in those with high-grade tumours treated with or without chemotherapy. RESULTS: Of 8 patients who had low-grade tumours and underwent surgery alone, 3 had systemic relapse. Of the 22 having high-grade tumours, 4 did not receive chemotherapy because of age and comorbid conditions. Of the other 18, 13 received 3 courses of chemotherapy preoperatively and 3 courses postoperatively, 4 received all 6 courses postoperatively and 1 received all chemotherapy preoperatively to treat metastatic disease. In the 17-patient cohort used for comparison with the literature control group, disease-free survival was 57% at a mean follow-up of 25.6 months and overall survival was 57% at a mean follow-up of 30.1 months. In the control group, disease-free survival was 16% at a mean follow-up of 20.9 months and overall survival was 26% at a mean follow-up of 29.9 months. These differences are significant: p = 0.0000, chi 2 = 41.61 for disease-free survival and p = 0.0000, chi 2 = 46.49 for overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study support the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with high-grade non-OSA, in whom malignant fibrous histiocytoma was the predominant histologic subtype.  (+info)

(4/250) Reconstruction of the hip abductors after resection of the proximal femur.

Three patients with malignant bone tumors of the proximal femur underwent implantation of an endoprosthesis with reconstruction of the joint capsule and hip abductors using artificial mesh.  (+info)

(5/250) Osteosarcoma metastatic to the kidneys without lung involvement.

Symptomatic renal metastasis is very rare in osteosarcoma. A few reported cases had pulmonary metastases before renal involvement. We present a case of metastatic renal osteosarcoma without pulmonary involvement. The patient presented with hematuria 8 years after initial treatment of osteosarcoma of the left distal femur. Computed tomography revealed a bilateral calcified renal mass. The patient died of disease 4 months after detection of the metastases. At autopsy, metastatic osteosarcoma was discovered in the bilateral kidney, both renal veins, inferior vena cava and right atrium. There was no pulmonary involvement. We emphasize the need for renal evaluation for the follow-up of patients with osteosarcoma.  (+info)

(6/250) Osteoid osteoma. Direct visual identification and intralesional excision of the nidus with minimal removal of bone.

We describe 100 consecutive patients with osteoid osteoma. Of the 97 who had operations, 89 were treated by intralesional excision and eight by wide resection. The three remaining patients were not operated on because the osteoid osteoma was almost painless, or was found in the pedicle of the 12th thoracic vertebra at the site of entrance of the artery of Adamkjewicz. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically in all specimens. No local recurrences were observed at a minimum follow-up of one year. All except one patient were mobilised two to four days after surgery. A precise preoperative diagnosis of the lesion is mandatory, based on clinical findings, standard radiographs, thin-section CT and a bone scan. We compared our operative technique with 247 cases in which the percutaneous technique of removal or coagulation of the nidus had been performed. The latter procedure has a less constant rate of primary cure (83% v 100%). Its principal indication appears to be for osteoid osteomas in the proximal femur and the pelvis.  (+info)

(7/250) Malignant fibrous histiocytoma after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

A 24-year-old woman with CML underwent allogeneic BMT in August 1995 from a one-antigen HLA mismatched brother. Conditioning included BuCy2 and CsA and MTX were used to prevent GVHD. In July 1997 she developed right leg pain, lytic bone lesions of distal femur and a solid mass of soft tissue. Histological diagnosis of malignant fibrous histiocytoma was made. Despite treatment with surgery and chemotherapy (doxorubicin and ifosfamide), the patient died 1 year later with local recurrence of the tumor and liver, lung and brain metastases. The CML was in CR.  (+info)

(8/250) Factors associated with tumor volume and primary metastases in Ewing tumors: results from the (EI)CESS studies.

BACKGROUND: Tumor volumes of more than 100 ml and the presence of primary metastases have been identified as determinants of poor prognosis in patients with Ewing tumors. We sought to assess the prevalence of critical tumor size and primary metastases in a large national sample of patients at the time of first diagnosis and to identify factors that are associated with their occurrence. PATIENTS: The present report is based on data of 945 German patients who were enrolled into the (EI)CESS therapy studies between 1980 and 1997. It is assumed that registration of German patients with Ewing tumors under the age of 15 years was almost complete since around 1985. Diagnoses of primary tumors were ascertained exclusively by biopsies. Analyses were restricted to patients with Ewing tumors of bone due to the few occurrences in soft tissues. METHODS: Tumor volume data as assessed by radiography, computed tomography or nuclear magnetic imaging were available for 821 patients. The diagnosis of primary metastases was based on thoracic computed tomography or on whole body bone scans in 936 patients. Suspicious lesions had to be confirmed by bone marrow biopsies. We explored how year of first diagnosis, age at first diagnosis, sex, histological subtype and site of the primary tumor related to tumor size and presence of metastases by univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. RESULTS: Sixty-eight percent of the patients (n = 559) had a volume above 100 ml with smaller tumors being more common in childhood than in late adolescence and early adulthood. Extensive volumes were observed in almost 90% of the tumors located in femur and pelvis while they were less common in other sites (P < 0.001). On average, 26% of all patients presented with clinically apparent primary metastases. The detection rate of metastases was markedly higher in patients diagnosed after 1991 (P < 0.001). Primary metastases were also significantly more common for tumors originating in the pelvis and for peripheral neuroectodermal tumors (PNET; P < 0.01). Tumors greater than 100 ml were positively associated with metastatic disease (P < 0.001). Multivariate analyses, which included simultaneously all univariate predictors in a logistic regression model, indicated that most of the observed associations were essentially unconfounded. The adjusted odds ratios (OR) for the presence of tumor volumes > or = 100 ml were OR = 1.5 per age rise of 10 years, and OR = 5.8 for pelvis and OR = 7.1 for femur as primary tumor site (all P < 0.001). The presence of metastases was significantly associated with the year of diagnosis (OR = 1.9, after 1991 vs. before 1986), pelvis as site of the primary tumor (OR = 1.8), a PNET (OR = 1.5), and tumor size > or = 100 ml (OR = 1.6). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we find that the prevalence of established factors for an unfavorable prognosis is disturbingly high among patients diagnosed with Ewing tumors. Recent progress in imaging techniques seems to account for much of the rise in the detection rate of metastases after 1991. We identify age and, in particular pelvic and femoral site as the major determinants of local tumor extension. Occurrence of primary metastases is independently related to tumor size, pelvic site, and PNET.  (+info)