Follow-up of American Cancer Society Special Postdoctoral Research Fellowship recipients.
A follow-up study of the 44 recipients of American Cancer Society, Inc., Special Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from 1962 to 1973 revealed that 11 of 21 M.D. candidates obtained their second (Ph.D.) degree at the end of training. By contrast, all but one among the 23 Ph.D. candidates were awarded the second (M.D.) degree. A great majority of either group remain in active research, regardless of whether or not they obtained the second degree. A very high percentage of their research is cancer related. (+info)
Bridging the gap between managed care and academic medicine: an innovative fellowship.
Numerous challenges face academic medicine in the era of managed care. This environment is stimulating the development of innovative educational programs that can adapt to changes in the healthcare system. The U.S. Quality Algorithms Managed Care Fellowship at Jefferson Medical College is one response to these challenges. Two postresidency physicians are chosen as fellows each year. The 1-year curriculum is organized into four 3-month modules covering such subjects as biostatistics and epidemiology, medical informatics, the theory and practice of managed care, managed care finance, integrated healthcare systems, quality assessment and improvement, clinical parameters and guidelines, utilization management, and risk management. The fellowship may serve as a possible prototype for future post-graduate education. (+info)
Enabling, empowering, inspiring: research and mentorship through the years.
The interrelationship between research and mentorship in an association such as the Medical Library Association (MLA) is revealed through the contributions of individuals and significant association activities in support of research. Research is vital to the well-being and ultimate survival of health sciences librarianship and is not an ivory tower academic activity. Mentorship plays a critical role in setting a standard and model for those individuals who want to be involved in research and, ultimately, for the preparation of the next generation of health sciences librarians. Research and mentorship are discussed in the context of personal experiences, scholarship, and problem solving in a practice environment. Through research and mentorship, we are enabled to enhance our services and programs, empowered to look beyond our own operations for information puzzles to be solved, and inspired to serve society by improving health. (+info)
Program requirements for residency/fellowship education in neuroendovascular surgery/interventional neuroradiology: a special report on graduate medical education.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroendovascular surgery/interventional neuroradiology is a relatively new subspecialty that has been evolving since the mid-1970s. During the past 2 decades, significant advances have been made in this field of minimally invasive therapy for the treatment of intracranial cerebral aneurysms; acute stroke therapy intervention; cerebral arteriovenous malformations; carotid cavernous sinus fistulas; head, neck, and spinal cord vascular lesions; and other complex cerebrovascular diseases. Advanced postresidency fellowship programs have now been established in North America, Europe, and Japan, specifically for training in this new subspecialty. METHODS: From 1986 to the present, an ad hoc committee of senior executive committee members from the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, the Joint Section of Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery, and the American Society of Neuroradiology met to establish, by consensus, general guidelines for training physicians in this field. RESULTS: In April 1999, the Executive Committee of the Joint Section of Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery voted unanimously to endorse these training standard guidelines. In May 1999, the Executive Committee of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology also unanimously voted to endorse these guidelines. In June 1999, the Executive Council of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons unanimously voted to endorse these guidelines. CONCLUSION: The following guidelines for residency/fellowship education have now been endorsed by the parent organization of both the interventional and diagnostic neuroradiology community, as well as both senior organizations representing neurosurgery in North America. These guidelines for training should be used as a reference and guide to any institution establishing a training program in neuroendovascular surgery/interventional neuroradiology. (+info)
Providing after-hours on-call clinical coverage in academic health sciences centres: the Hospital for Sick Children experience.
An increasing number of admissions of patients requiring complex and acute care coupled with a decreasing number of pediatric postgraduate trainees has caused a shortage of house staff available to provide after-hours on-call coverage in the Department of Pediatrics at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. The Clinical Assistant program created to deal with this problem was short on staff, did not provide adequate continuity of care and was becoming increasingly unaffordable. The Clinical Departmental Fellowship program was created to address the problem of after-hours clinical coverage. The program is aimed at qualified pediatricians seeking additional clinical or research training in one of the subspecialty divisions in the Department of Pediatrics. We describe the hiring process, job description and evolution of the program since its inception in 1996. This program has been mutually advantageous for the individual fellows and their sponsoring divisions as well as the Department of Pediatrics and the Hospital for Sick Children. We recommend the introduction of similar programs to other academic medical departments facing staff shortages. (+info)
Quo vadis? How should we train cardiologists at the turn of the century?
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular medicine is weathering challenges on multiple fronts, and the paradigm of cardiovascular fellowship training has changed as a result. METHODS AND RESULTS: On the basis of a review of the literature and surveys of former trainees, we have evaluated our Cardiovascular Fellowship Program at the University of Iowa. We have identified principles fundamental to the training of fellows. We extend these principles to propose practical ideas for responding to the challenges we face in the rapidly changing landscape of medicine in a new millennium. CONCLUSIONS: We have proposed a few principles and numerous concrete, practical suggestions that will guide our Cardiovascular Fellowship in the future. These ideas may prove useful to other training programs. (+info)
Factors influencing the selection of general internal medicine fellowship programs: a national survey.
Although criteria are available to guide the selection of general internal medicine (GIM) fellowship programs, the factors actually used in this process are unclear. Using a survey of current GIM fellows, we determined that most received information from their residency advisors, and many viewed them as the most important source of fellowship information. Program location was the top selection factor for fellows, followed by research opportunities, availability of a mentor, and the reputation of the program. This information may be useful to both fellowship candidates as an additional selection guide and to program directors seeking to best structure and market their fellowships. (+info)
Integrated Obstetric Curriculum for Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency, Radiology Residency and Maternal-Fetal Medicine Fellowship program at an accredited American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Diagnostic Ultrasound Center.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to demonstrate the approach to developing an integrated curriculum for obstetric ultrasound training by utilizing an accredited American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine teaching platform. METHODS: During the 1996-98 academic years, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine guidelines for ultrasound performance and training were integrated into a multifaceted training program for obstetric and radiological residents and maternal-fetal medicine fellows consisting of a structured reading program, self study of a 35-mm slide program of normal/abnormal anatomy, a basic ultrasound and fetal echocardiography interactive CD program, hands-on supervised scanning program and practical and certificate-bearing fetal echocardiography courses for fellows. All obstetric residents were given pretests and post-tests to measure learning performance in the program. The results from these tests were analyzed for statistical significance. RESULTS: Thirteen obstetric residents completed the training program. The locally developed pretest showed a mean of 16/40 correct questions with an SD of 1.85. After completing the training, the mean obstetric resident scores on the post-test were 32/40 with an SD of 5.9. This difference was statistically significantly different, P < 0.009. Radiology residents showed an improvement from no residents passing the obstetric ultrasound portion on the 1996 Radiology Boards to 100% pass rate in 1997 (four residents per year) after completing the course. Maternal-fetal medicine fellows progressed from inability to perform acceptable fetal echocardiography to full ability to perform fetal echocardiographic examinations. CONCLUSION: An integrated approach to obstetric ultrasound training for obstetric and radiologic residents and maternal-fetal medicine fellows with multifaceted learning methods is easily achieved with available guidance from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. (+info)