Late repair of simultaneous bilateral distal biceps brachii tendon avulsion with fascia lata graft. (1/44)

A 50 year old rock climber sustained a bilateral rupture of the distal biceps brachii tendons. He retained some flexion power in both arms but minimal supination, being weaker on the non-dominant right side. As the patient presented late, with retraction and shortening of the biceps muscle bellies, reconstruction was carried out using fascia lata grafts on both sides. Because of residual weakness on the left (dominant) side, three further surgical procedures had to be carried out to correct for elongation of the graft. A functionally satisfactory outcome, comparable with that on the right side, was eventually obtained. In summary, bilateral fascia lata grafts to bridge the gap between the retracted biceps bellies and the radial tuberosities were successful in restoring function and flexion power to the elbow. Despite being the stronger side, the dominant arm did not respond as well to the initial surgery. This may be due to overuse of this arm after the operation.  (+info)

Treatment of the mobile, painful arthritic elbow by distraction interposition arthroplasty. (2/44)

Between 1986 and 1994, 13 patients with mobile painful arthritic elbows were treated by distraction interposition arthroplasty using fascia lata. The mean period of follow-up was 63 months. An elbow distractor/fixator was applied for three to four weeks to separate the articular surfaces and to protect the fascial graft. Nine of the 13 patients (69%) had satisfactory relief from pain; eight (62%) had an excellent or good result by the objective criteria of the Mayo Elbow Performance score. Four have required revision to total elbow arthroplasty at a mean of 30 months with good results to date. Instability of the elbow, both before and after surgery, was found to be associated with unsatisfactory results. The rate of success when the procedure was performed for inflammatory arthritis was similar to that for post-traumatic arthritis, about 67%. Eight complications occurred in six patients, all in the group with post-traumatic arthritis. Two of these required further surgical procedures such as transposition of the ulnar nerve or repair of hernia of the fascia lata. Although less reliable than prosthetic replacement, distraction interposition arthroplasty is a useful option in the treatment of young, high-demand patients with arthritis of the elbow. It is rarely indicated in the presence of generalised inflammatory arthritis, but may be of value in those patients in whom the disease is limited primarily to the elbow.  (+info)

Reconstruction of the lateral ligaments of the ankle using solvent-dried and gamma-irradiated allogeneic fascia lata. (3/44)

We have described a method of anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ligaments of the ankles with instability using allogeneic fascia lata dried with solvents and sterilised with gamma irradiation. Twenty ankles of 20 patients were assessed objectively and subjectively after a mean follow-up of 4.2 years (3.1 to 10). The result was excellent in 12 (60%), good in seven (35%) and fair in one (5%); none had a poor result. Stress radiography showed that the angle of talar tilt improved from 12.3+/-4.2 degrees (mean +/- SD) to 5.9+/-3.0 degrees and that the anterior drawer distance decreased from 9.2+/-3.9 mm to 4.4+/-2.5 mm. Neither infection nor limitation of movement occurred after operation. Fascia lata allografts provide a good alternative to autogenous grafts such as the peroneus brevis tendon.  (+info)

Scapulothoracic stabilisation for winging of the scapula using strips of autogenous fascia lata. (4/44)

We have used a modified technique in five patients to correct winging of the scapula caused by injury to the brachial plexus or the long thoracic nerve during transaxillary resection of the first rib. The procedure stabilises the scapulothoracic articulation by using strips of autogenous fascia lata wrapped around the 4th, 6th and 7th ribs at least two, and preferably three, times. The mean age of the patients at the time of operation was 38 years (26 to 47) and the mean follow-up six years and four months (three years and three months to 11 years). Satisfactory stability was achieved in all patients with considerable improvement in shoulder function. There were no complications.  (+info)

Subcutaneous extraperitoneal repair of ventral hernias: a biological basis for fascial transplantation. (5/44)

Two fundamental biological differences between normal fascia and scar tissue are rate of collagen turnover and physical weave of collagen subunits. Both factors account for unsatisfactory results following ventral hernia repair unless scar tissue is excised and normal fiscia used. Removal of scar and identification of normal fascia often require extensive dissection, entrance into the peritoneal cavity, and sometimes requires lysis of intestinal adhesions with occasional injury to bowel. Simple imbrication of the hernia sac, as in treatment of a direct inguinal hernia, without excision usually results in recurrence of the hernia because of remodeling and attenuation of scar tissue. A new procedure, based upon the technique of direct inguinal hernia repair without opening peritoneum, has been performed on 12 patients with large ventral hernias. The procedures, performed entirely in a subcutaneous plane, involves imbrication of scar, transfer of a massive fascial onlay graft, and use of an internal stent. Patients have been followed for one to 5 years; there have been no recurrences. Inductive influence of the fascial transplant has been measured in two patients; a tenfold increase in net collagen synthesis and deposition occurs for at least one year following transplantation of fascia to an imbricated scar recipient area.  (+info)

Bronchial stump reinforcement in right pneumonectomy with fascia lata and gelatin resorcin formalin (GRF) glue: case report. (6/44)

We reinforced the bronchial stump with fascia lata and Gelatin Resorcin Formalin (GRF) glue in a right pneumonectomy. This method was found to be simple and useful. We describe our case and the method herein. A 62-year-old woman had a malignant polypoid lesion which completely occluded the introitus of the right main bronchus and deviated to the introitus of the left main bronchus. Right pneumonectomy was done but materials (pleura, pericardium, intercostal muscle, etc.) obtained from the thoracic cavity were insufficient for bronchial stump reinforcement due to severe adhesion caused by prior tuberculosis. Therefore, we reinforced the bronchial stump using the fascia lata and GRF glue. Fascia lata is a superior material for reinforcement in terms of strength and ease of molding, as well as harvesting. GRF glue is a superior adhesive with rapid and strong fixation. We consider this method of reinforcing the bronchial stump with fascia lata and GRF glue to be feasible, in particular, for pneumonectomy or lobectomy without adequate material in the thoracic cavity because of severe adhesion or lesions.  (+info)

Tissue valves in the mitral position. Five years' experience. (7/44)

Between April 1969 and November 1973 103 patients underwent isolated mitral replacement with three-cusp stented tissue valves. Autologous fascia lata was used in 50 patients, homologous fascia lata in 21, and heterologous pericardium in 32. The early mortality rate (14.6%) was influenced by age, the extent of preoperative cardiac disability, and low cardiac output. The survivors were followed up for periods varying from 8 to 60 months (average 37 months). In general, a factor in late death (13.6%) was high preoperative pulmonary artery pressure. In the autologous fascial series valve failure and infective endocarditis were significantly related to late mortality. The results with homologous fascia and pericardium were better than with autologous fascia valves. The incidence of postoperative mitral regurgitation was singificantly lower in the homologous fascial and pericardial series and none of these grafts had to be removed. The incidence of thromboembolism was low without anticoagulants. Actuarial analysis showed a survival rate at five years of 82.2 per cent. We no longer use autologous fascial valves. Though better results have been obtained with both homologous fascia and pericardium we prefer the physical characteristics of heterologous pericardium and it is easy to obtain.  (+info)

Fascia lata valves: a clinicopathological study. (8/44)

Sixteen frame-mounted fascia lata valves removed from the mitral, aortic or--in one patient--pulmonary position have been detailed histologically. These valves had remained in 15 patients (11 men and four women) for periods varying between 10 and 44 months. The reason for the original transplantation was either chronic rheumatic endocarditis or calcific aortic disease. In the mitral position, the leaflet in position nearest the site of the original anterior mitral valve cusp showed the least changes. The remaining two leaflets of the fascia lata valve in the mitral position, as well as those removed from the aortic or pulmonary position, showed more severe changes; these consisted of degeneration of collagen tissue and often a severe decrease of nuclei belonging to the fibroblastic series. These changes, as well as superimposition of fibrin or fibrous tissue, tended to become more pronounced the longer the valve had remained in the patient. Viability studies in valves removed from two patients have also been undertaken showing very greatly reduced activity. The possible causes for valve dysfunction have been reviewed, and the findings in this study suggest that contraction of fibrous tissue, which sandwiches the fascia lata valve cusps, may contribute to failure of satisfactory valve function. It is concluded that fascia lata forms a poor substitute for replacement of diseased cardiac valves.  (+info)