Subclinical Legionella infection in workers near the source of a large outbreak of Legionnaires disease.
A survey was conducted of exhibitors at a 1999 floral trade show, where a whirlpool spa on display caused a large outbreak of legionnaires disease (LD). In total, 742 exhibitors without LD returned a questionnaire on their whereabouts during the fair and their health afterward and supplied blood samples for the detection of IgM and IgG antibodies against Legionella pneumophila. The exhibitors had higher average antibody levels than did the general population. The closer to the whirlpool that the exhibitors worked, the higher their antibody levels. Both high-normal and high titer levels were found more frequently among workers with more exposure, suggesting that serosurveys among potentially exposed subjects are a valuable tool for outbreak investigation. Some differences in health complaints were observed between the more and less exposed groups, as estimated by the workplace location, but few differences were found between groups with different antibody levels. (+info)
Some professional schools have replaced microscopes for histology laboratory instruction with printed and electronic media. It is recognized that these media cannot replace experience with the microscope and that there is a cognitive dissonance of completely replacing microscope study. In addition, students believe that their time is not optimally used in the traditional histology laboratory. Therefore, at Loma Linda University, nine weekly microscope exhibits consisting of 10-15 slides each were prepared. For each exhibited slide, a one page "atlas" is provided, consisting of labeled low- and high-power color micrographs taken from that slide and an informative legend. By referring to the atlas, the student can easily identify the exact field and the labeled features with little help from an instructor. A live or taped video demonstration of the microscope exhibit is available on the first day of the exhibit. During the eighth week of the quarter, students were asked to evaluate the various learning resources available to them. No resource was valued significantly more than the microscope exhibits, but the video demonstrations were valued significantly more than the printed black and white atlas or the color atlas on CD. These exhibits have been used for 2 years to instruct a class of 90 dental students. Advantages are (1) students' time is used efficiently, (2) only one slide set and a fourth as many microscopes need be maintained compared with a traditional laboratory, and (3) one-of-a-kind slides derived from research activities provide for high impact learning. (+info)
Computerized scientific exhibit utilization: observations from infoRAD at the radiologic society of North America Scientific Assembly.
No publication has discussed utilization of computer scientific exhibits (CSE) at national symposia, despite their growing numbers. The hypothesis of this project was that, when given a choice, viewers initially would prefer a more conventional paper presentation of a scientific exhibit over that of an electronic presentation. A nearly identical paper version of the introductory screen to an infoRAD CSE was placed adjacent to the workstation. Utilization of the paper introduction, computer introduction, and both, as well as subsequent behavior, was recorded. Of 67 visitors, initial user choice was 56.7% paper and 43.3% computer. Over the entire time at the exhibit 25.4% only looked at the handout, 25.4% only at the computer, and 49.3% perused both. Only 10.5% completed the entire exhibit, and 0.94% of total registrants visited the CSE. Overall, 74.7% perused the CSE when leaving the exhibit area. Upon arrival, viewers preferred the more conventional paper presentation, confirming the project hypothesis. Surprisingly, about 75% eventually perused at least a portion of the computer presentation. Although a small fraction of Radiologic Society of North America (RSNA) registrants visited the CSE, the findings presented are promising and suggest that CSE presence at national meetings is justifiable, providing a "first step" toward CME outcomes analysis of CSE. Overall, these findings are promising and suggest that computer scientific exhibit presence at national meetings is justifiable. (+info)
Comparison of a waterless hand-hygiene preparation and soap-and-water hand washing to reduce coliforms on hands in animal exhibit settings.
Outbreaks of enteric disease associated with exposure to live animals on exhibit have occurred with increasing frequency in recent years. Possibly the most important pathogen causing such outbreaks is Escherichia coli O157:H7, because of the serious illness it can cause. Hand hygiene is consistently protective against disease among persons exposed to animals implicated in these outbreaks. Livestock barns have limited hand-washing facilities, therefore a waterless hand-sanitizing gel would be a potentially preventive measure readily available to visitors and animal exhibitors. This study compared the reduction of bacterial counts on hands of animal exhibitors when soap and water was used or when an ethanol-based hand gel was used after animal handling. Participants were youth and adults involved with showing livestock. The sanitation methods were similar in reducing the total bacteria and coliform counts on the hands of the participants (Wilcoxon rank sum test P values 0.12 and 0.69 respectively). (+info)
Understanding complex systems: lessons from Auzoux's and von Hagens's anatomical models.
Animal and human anatomy is among the most complex systems known, and suitable teaching methods have been of great importance in the progress of knowledge. Examining the human body is part of the process by which medical students come to understand living forms. However, the need to preserve cadavers has led to the development of various techniques to manufacture models for teaching purposes. A variety of materials, such as wax, wood, papier-mache, or glass, have long been used to construct animal and plant models. In the case of the human body, the most innovative, yet controversial, method of preservation has been plastination, invented by the German physician Gunther von Hagens, by which actual human bodies are preserved as odourless and aesthetic models for teaching and exhibitions. We point out in our study that the 'hands-on' approach that some anatomical models allow, namely, the (clastic) disassembly and reassembly of the parts of complex systems and their models, is not only a crucial tool for learning, but is far superior to the simple passive observation that rigid, single-piece models allow. And what is valid for the learning of anatomy can be generalized to the acquisition of knowledge of other complex physical systems. (+info)
Differences between ADEA Annual Session poster abstracts and their corresponding full published articles.
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between abstracts of posters presented at the 79(th) (2002) and 80(th) (2003) Annual Session & Exhibition of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and the published full-length articles resulting from the same studies. The abstracts for poster presentation sessions were downloaded, and basic characteristics of the abstracts and their authors were determined. A PubMed search was then performed to identify the publication of full-length articles based on those abstracts in a peer-reviewed journal. The differences between the abstract and the article were examined and categorized as major and minor differences. Differences identified included authorship, title, materials and methods, results, conclusions, and funding. Data were analyzed with both descriptive and analytic statistics. Overall, 89 percent of the abstracts had at least one variation from its corresponding article, and 65 percent and 76 percent of the abstracts had at least one major and minor variation, respectively, from its corresponding article. The most prevalent major variation was in study results, and the most prevalent minor variation was change in the number of authors. The discussion speculates on some possible reasons for these differences. (+info)
Giant inflatable colon and community knowledge, intention, and social support for colorectal cancer screening.
Visual objects and universal meanings: AIDS posters and the politics of globalisation and history.
Drawing on recent visual and spatial turns in history writing, this paper considers AIDS posters from the perspective of their museum 'afterlife' as collected material objects. Museum spaces serve changing political and epistemological projects, and the visual objects they house are not immune from them. A recent globally themed exhibition of AIDS posters at an arts and crafts museum in Hamburg is cited in illustration. The exhibition also serves to draw attention to institutional continuities in collecting agendas. Revealed, contrary to postmodernist expectations, is how today's application of aesthetic display for the purpose of making 'global connections' does not radically break with the virtues and morals attached to the visual at the end of the nineteenth century. The historicisation of such objects needs to take into account this complicated mix of change and continuity in aesthetic concepts and political inscriptions. Otherwise, historians fall prey to seductive aesthetics without being aware of the politics of them. This article submits that aesthetics is politics. (+info)