Epidemic diarrheal disease of suckling mice; the effect of strain, litter, and season upon the incidence of the disease.
Four strains of mice-Harvard, Schwentker, CFW (Carworth Farms), and C (National Cancer Institute)-have been kept and bred underidentical conditions over the course of a year in order to determine the effect of strain, of litter, and of season upon the incidence of diarrheal disease among the suckling mice. 1. Significant strain differences were limited to CFW mice. A consistently lower percentage of these mice were weaned in comparison to the others. 2. The effect of litter was definite and consistent: In all four strains first litters fared worse than second and third ones, while fourth and fifth litters showed the highest percentage of mice weaned. 3. The effect of season seemed clear cut only in the case of one strain CFW; the highest percentage of mice weaned were observed during the summer months and the lowest during the autumn and early winter. (+info)
Epidemic diarrheal disease of suckling mice; cytoplasmic inclusion bodies in intestinal epithelium in relation to the disease.
1. Cytoplasmic inclusions were found in the epithelial cells of the small intestine in a major proportion of suckling mice suffering from the spontaneous or experimentally produced diarrheal disease now prevalent in this laboratory. 2. They were not found in healthy stock mice of corresponding age. 3. Feeding of intestinal extract from healthy mice did not produce diarrhea or inclusions. 4. Feeding of boiled extract from diarrheal mice did not lead to the formation of cytoplasmic inclusions, when precautions were taken to prevent accidental infection. 5. The inclusions were regularly present only in the first few days of the disease. The inclusion-bearing cells desquamated. There was no inflammatory reaction. 6. Attention is called to the frequent presence of large numbers of Gram-positive coccoid bodies in the intestinal contents of suckling mice with diarrhea. (+info)
Exploring the relationship between incidence and the average age of infection during seasonal epidemics.
Evaluation of three immunochromatographic assays for detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 antigen in urine samples.
The Uni-Gold, the SAS and the Binax NOW immunochromatographic test (ICT) urinary antigen assays for the qualitative detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 were compared using 39 unfrozen and nonconcentrated urine samples from patients with Legionnaires disease (LD). The Uni-Gold antigen test detected the urinary antigen in 41% (16/39), the SAS antigen test in 61.5% (24/39), and the Binax NOW antigen test in 74.3% (29/39). The Binax NOW ICT assay showed the best results when detecting L. pneumophila urinary antigen. (+info)
Examining the promise of HIV elimination by 'test and treat' in hyperendemic settings.