Isolation and structure determination of bioactive isoflavones from callus culture of Dipteryx odorata.
Crude extracts of callus and roots of Dipteryx odorata were analyzed by HPLC to detect and quantify isoflavone contents. Based on spectroscopic and X-ray crystallography data the structures of two isoflavones were elucidated as 7-hydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyisoflavone and 3',7-dihydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyisoflavone. The production of dry biomass of 7-hydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyisoflavone in cultured callus was 4.12 mg/g, approximately eleven fold higher than the amount accumulated in roots of D. odorata wild-growing plants. The 7-hydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyisoflavone was effective against glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Trypanosoma cruzi. This is the first report on those bioactive isoflavones accumulated in callus of D. odorata. (+info)
Molecular identification of four different alpha-amylase inhibitors from baru (Dipteryx alata) seeds with activity toward insect enzymes.
The endophytic bruchid pest Callosobruchus maculatus causes severe damage to storage cowpea seeds, leading to economical losses. For this reason the use of alpha-amylase inhibitors to interfere with the pest digestion process has been an interesting alternative to control bruchids. With this aim, alpha-amylase inhibitors from baru seeds (Dipteryx alata) were isolated by affinity chromatographic procedures, causing enhanced inhibition of C. maculatus and Anthonomus grandis alpha-amylases. To attempt further purification, this fraction was applied onto a reversed-phase HPLC column, generating four peaks with remarkable inhibition toward C. maculatus alpha-amylases. SDS-PAGE and MALDI-ToF analysis identified major proteins of approximately 5.0, 11.0, 20.0 and 55 kDa that showed alpha-amylase inhibition. Results of in vivo bioassays using artificial seeds containing 1.0% (w/w) of baru crude extract revealed 40% cowpea weevil larvae mortality. These results provide evidence that several alpha-amylase inhibitors classes, with biotechnological potential, can be isolated from a single plant species. (+info)
In vitro antiophidian properties of Dipteryx alata Vogel bark extracts.