Immunological and microbiological activity of Davilla elliptica St. Hill. (Dilleniaceae) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for over 8 million cases of tuberculosis (TB) annually. Natural products may play important roles in the chemotherapy of TB. The immunological activity of Davilla elliptica chloroform extract (DECE) was evaluated in vitro by the determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), nitric oxide (NO), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) release in peritoneal macrophages cultures. DECE was also tested for its antimycobacterial activity against M. tuberculosis using the microplate alamar blue assay. DECE (50, 150, 250 microg/ml) stimulated the production of H2O2 (from 1,79 +/- 0,23 to 7,27 +/- 2,54; 15,02 +/- 2,86; 20,5 +/- 2,1 nmols) (means +/- SD), NO (from 2,64 +/- 1,02 to 25,59 +/- 2,29; 26,68 +/- 2,41; 29,45 +/- 5,87 micromols) (means +/- SD) and TNF-alpha (from 2,44 +/- 1,46 to 30,37 +/- 8,13; 38,68 +/- 1,59; 41,6 +/- 0,90 units/ml) (means +/- SD) in a dose-dependent manner and also showed a promising antimycobacterial activity with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 62,5 microg/ml. This plant may have therapeutic potential in the immunological and microbiological control of TB. (+info)
Genistein-derivatives from Tetracera scandens stimulate glucose-uptake in L6 myotubes.
An EtOAc-soluble partition of the MeOH extract of a branch of Tetracera scandens (Dilleniaceae family) was subjected to a glucose-uptake assay, which led to the isolation and identification of five isoflavones of previously known structure namely, genistein (1), its derivatives 3',5'-diprenylgenistein (2), 6,8-diprenylgenistein (3), derrone (4) and alpinumisoflavone (5). Of these, compounds 2--5 exhibited significant glucose-uptake activity in basal and insulin-stimulated L6 myotubes. The findings from adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK) activation and glucose transport protein4 (GLUT4) and GLUT1 over-expression revealed certain characteristics of compounds 2--5. These compounds inhibited protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) activities with IC50 values ranging from 20.63 +/- 0.17 to 37.52 +/- 0.31 microM. No muscle cell toxicity was reported with compounds 3--5, while compounds 1 and 2 reduced muscle cell viability with IC50 values of 34.27 +/- 0.35 and 18.69 +/- 0.19 microM, respectively. It was concluded that T. scandens and its constituents exerted highly desirable activities on type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment since they significantly stimulated the uptake of glucose, AMPK phosphorylation, GLUT4 and GLUT1 mRNA expressions and PTP1B inhibition in L6 myotubes. (+info)
Chemical studies on an endemic Philippine plant: sulfated glucoside and seco-A-ring triterpenoids from Dillenia philippinensis.
The leaves of the endemic Philippine plant, Dillenia philippinensis yielded 11 compounds including one new sulfated glucoside and a new seco-A-ring oleanane-type triterpenoid. The molecular structures of these compounds were elucidated by means of NMR, MS and other spectroscopic techniques, as well as by comparison with literature data. Anti-Leishmania activity and cytotoxic activity against A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells were also examined. (+info)
Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activities of Dillenia indica extract in diabetic rats.
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to investigate the antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activities of bioactive fraction (ethyl acetate fraction) of Dillenia indica methanolic extract in experimental diabetic Wistar rats. METHODS: Type-1 diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg body weight), and type-2 diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg body weight), 15 min after the intraperitoneal injection of 120 mg/kg nicotinamide. The rats were treated by administering graded oral doses of isolated ethyl acetate fraction of methanolic extract of D. indica (DIEE), 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively, for 21 d. The blood glucose level was estimated at weekly intervals by glucometer. Serum cholesterol, triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were also evaluated in normal and diabetic rats by an autoanalyzer. RESULTS: In both experimental models, daily oral treatment with DIEE for 21 d resulted in a significant reduction in blood glucose (P<0.01), serum cholesterol (P<0.05) and triglycerides (P<0.05) levels whereas HDL-C level was found to be increased (P<0.05) as compared with the diabetic control group. CONCLUSION: DIEE at 400 mg/kg body weight has prominent antidiabetic effect in experimental type-1 and type-2 diabetes models in rats. It may therefore be used as an alternative remedy for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. (+info)
Sympatric species of Hibbertia (Dilleniaceae) vary in dormancy break and germination requirements: implications for classifying morphophysiological dormancy in Mediterranean biomes.