Assessment of clinical case presentations for the Membership in Orthodontics, Royal College of Surgeons of England 1995, 1996. (1/104)

The cases presented and treated at successive examinations by the candidates for the Membership Examination in Orthodontics in 1995 and 1996 at The Royal College of Surgeons of England, were of a very high standard and demonstrated a wide range of treatment modalities. All cases had fixed appliances, predominantly with pre-adjusted Edgewise appliances. IOTN confirmed that most cases were in great need of treatment, with PAR scores showing them to be treated to a high standard.  (+info)

Attitudes towards, and utility of, an integrated medical-dental patient-held record in primary care. (2/104)

BACKGROUND: The need for closer coordination between primary care medical and dental services has been recognized. AIM: To assess the attitudes of general medical practitioners (GMPs), general dental practitioners (GDPs), and patients to an integrated medical-dental patient-held record (integrated medical-dental PHR); to examine patients' use of these records, and the utility of the records for doctors and dentists. METHOD: A three-phase study was carried out: (1) postal survey of GMPs and GDPs; (2) randomized trial of patients, using postal questionnaires before and one year after the issue of integrated medical-dental PHRs to cases; (3) assessment by doctors and dentists of anonymized integrated medical-dental PHRs from this trial. The study was carried out in medical and dental practices in affluent and deprived areas in Greater Glasgow Health Board. Two hundred and thirteen GMPs, 183 GDPs, and 369 patients registered with GMPs and GDPs were surveyed. Eighteen GDPs and GMPs assessed the integrated medical-dental PHRs. RESULTS: Eighty per cent of dentists had contacted a doctor and 16% of doctors had contacted a dentist in the previous three months; 87% of dentists and 68% of doctors thought an integrated medical-dental PHR would be of some use. Twenty-one per cent of dentists and 85% of doctors had practice computers. Most patients wanted to be able to see and read their own records. Twenty-four per cent of patients said there were mistakes and 30% noticed omissions in the integrated medical-dental PHR issued. Experience of having an integrated medical-dental PHR made patients more positive towards the idea of having a patient-held record and being able to check the accuracy of records. Integrated medical-dental PHRs contained important information for half the GDPs and one-third of the GMPs. CONCLUSION: Both professionals and patients have reasonably positive attitudes towards the use of patient-held records. Among patients, the experience of having the integrated medical-dental PHR led to greater enthusiasm towards the idea. Dentists in particular would benefit from the transfer of information from doctors, but better methods are needed to ensure that patients take the integrated medical-dental PHR with them. Given the current lack of ability to easily produce an integrated medical-dental PHR, further examination of the routine issue of a copy of their medical summary, by GMPs, to all patients would be worthwhile.  (+info)

The clinical significance of the digital patient record. (3/104)

BACKGROUND: Computer technology has revolutionized the way the world does business, allowing us to work faster, smarter and more efficiently than ever before. Computers first made their way into the dental office in the late 1960s as an accounts receivable device. Today, we can digitize anything and recall it in the operatory with the patient. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This article discusses new trends in the digital patient record and the benefits this technology provides to the dental team in terms of improved data collection and recording. It also discusses the benefits a digital patient record provides to patients, as well as how to communicate patients' oral health needs using these electronic tools.  (+info)

A look at forensic dentistry--Part 1: The role of teeth in the determination of human identity. (4/104)

Forensic dentistry can be defined in many ways. One of the more elegant definitions is simply that forensic dentistry represents the overlap between the dental and the legal professions. This two-part series presents the field of forensic dentistry by outlining two of the major aspects of the profession: human identification and bite marks. This first paper examines the use of the human dentition and surrounding structures to enable the identification of found human remains. Conventional and novel techniques are presented.  (+info)

Evidence-based dentistry: Part IV. Research design and levels of evidence. (5/104)

Previous papers in this series on evidence-based dentistry have discussed the first 2 steps in seeking answers to clinical problems formulating a clear question and strategically searching for evidence. The next step, critical appraisal of the evidence, is made easier if one understands the basic concepts of clinical research design. The strongest design, especially for questions related to therapeutic or preventive interventions, is the randomized, controlled trial. Questions relating to diagnosis, prognosis and causation are often studied with observational, rather than experimental, research designs. The strongest study design should be used whenever possible. Rules have been established to grade research evidence. This paper, the fourth in the series, presents an overview of research methodology most commonly used in the dental literature.  (+info)

What is occlusion? (6/104)

The aim of this series of papers is to explore the role of occlusion in dental practice. The range of opinion in the dental profession as to the importance of occlusion is enormous. It is very important that the profession in general and practising dentists in particular have a balanced view of occlusion. This is more important than every patient having a balanced occlusion. The fact that the study of occlusion is characterised by extremes makes it confusing and possibly difficult for individual dentists to find a philosophy which is in line with contemporary good practice supported by evidence from practice-based research.  (+info)

Clinical record keeping by general dental practitioners piloting the Denplan 'Excel' accreditation programme. (7/104)

BACKGROUND: Denplan is a private capitation-based system of providing primary dental care in the UK. An additional programme called Denplan Excel has been developed which requires General Dental Practitioners to instigate various quality processes within their practices in order to become accredited. Clinical record keeping is one area where standards are monitored. This study reports changes in record keeping at patient recall appointments following the implementation of the Denplan Excel programme. METHOD: Fifty dentists participating in the Denplan Excel pilot programme from different areas of the UK were sampled by means of cluster sampling. Twenty records for each dentist were sampled and items recorded for patients recalled both pre- and post-pilot were compared. RESULTS: The majority of dentists recorded presenting complaint, diagnosis and treatment plan both pre- and post-pilot. However, post-pilot there were a number of improvements in record keeping. Caries recorded on a grid increased from 7% of records to 46%, basic periodontal examination increased from 48% to 85% of records and the updating of medical history increased from 51% to 65% of records. These findings were all significant at the p<0.01 level. CONCLUSION: Changes can be achieved by voluntary participation in a system of structured record keeping.  (+info)

Quality evaluation of clinical records of a group of general dental practitioners entering a quality assurance programme. (8/104)

This paper discusses the importance of maintaining high quality clinical records. Evidence from studies carried out in the USA, Australia and Scandinavia shows that record keeping often falls well below accepted standards. Evidence of current standards in the UK, however, has tended to be anecdotal or circumstantial. An assessment was carried out on 47 general practitioners entering the quality assurance programme of a private capitation scheme. A sample of clinical records from each practitioner was analysed, and the presence or absence of key diagnostic and treatment planning entries were recorded. Overall, the quality of record keeping was poor, and in line with the findings of the other worldwide studies. Fundamental clinical entries that could impact on basic dental care provision were missing from many records. The frequency of recording for patients whose treatment was funded under NHS regulations was significantly worse than for patients whose treatment was privately funded.  (+info)