Marginal adaptation of commercial compomers in dentin cavity.
The dentin cavity adaptation and setting characteristics of four commercial compomers were evaluated by measuring the wall-to-wall contraction gap width in the cylindrical dentin cavity and measuring the compressive strength for a maximum of 14 days after setting. The dentin cavity wall was pretreated by the dentin adhesives according to each manufacturer's instructions or the experimental contraction gap-free dentin bonding system. Complete marginal integrity was obtained in only one compomer and two resin composites which were combined with the experimental dentin bonding system. The compressive strength of two resin composites and two compomers ten minutes after setting was comparable to that after 14 days which indicated that the compomers exhibited setting characteristics as rapidly as the resin composite. It was concluded that a high efficacy dentin bonding system is required for commercial compomers to prevent gap formation during irradiation caused by the rapid setting shrinkage. (+info)
A review of glass ionomer restorations in the primary dentition.
Glass ionomer cements are tooth-coloured materials that bond chemically to dental hard tissues and release fluoride for a relatively long period. They have therefore been suggested as the materials of choice for the restoration of carious primary teeth. However, the clinical performance of conventional and metal-reinforced glass ionomer restorations in primary molars is disappointing. And although the handling and physical properties of the resin-modified materials are better than their predecessors, more clinical studies are required to confirm their efficacy in the restoration of primary molars. (+info)
Effect of cavosurface angle on dentin cavity adaptation of resin composites.
The effect of the cavosurface angle of dentin cavities prepared in extracted human molars on the cavity adaptation of a resin composite was evaluated by measuring the gap width between the resin composite and the dentin cavity wall. Cavities with cavosurface angles of 90 degrees, 120 degrees, 135 degrees, or 150 degrees were pretreated with one of two commercial dentin bonding systems or an experimental dentin bonding system. The contraction gap width was measured at both the cavity margin and the section cavity using a light microscope. Complete cavity adaptation was obtained with pretreatment of the experimental groups regardless of the cavosurface angle. The contraction gap observed at the cavity margin was prevented with the two commercial dentin bonding systems when the cavosurface angle was increased to 150 degrees. A high correlation was observed between the contraction gap width and the proportion of the free surface to the adhesive surface of the resin composite restoration. (+info)
The influence of configuration factors on cavity adaptation in compomer restorations.
The effect of configuration factor (C-factor) on cavity adaptation was investigated in three compomer and one resin composite restorations. Eighty-four cylindrical dentin cavities (C-factor: approximately 2.5, 3.0 or 4.0) prepared on flat coronal dentin surfaces were filled with the materials in combination with their proprietary adhesive systems. Cavity adaptation was microscopically examined after 15 minutes storage in water at the top surface and at other four sites along the cavity walls. Additionally, indentation testing was performed for each material at 20 minutes and 24 hours after irradiation. Regression analysis revealed no relationship between C-factor and gap dimension in compomer restorations at any of the measuring sites, while a logarithmic relation was found only at the cavity floor of the composite fillings. All materials showed maturation of mechanical properties. The elastic component of the indentation was smaller in compomers than in the composite. It was concluded that C-factor had no influence on the cavity adaptation for compomer restorations. This might be due to reduced stress generation at the bonding interface caused by relatively low mechanical properties immediately after curing, less elasticity, and water absorption in compomers. (+info)
Setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion of resin-modified glass-ionomer in experimental cylindrical cavities.
The effects of the C-value (bonded surface area/unbonded surface area) and the volume of the cavity on the volumetric dimensional changes [volumetric setting shrinkage (VSS) and volumetric hygroscopic expansion (VHE)] of a resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGI) filled in experimental cylindrical cavities were evaluated. The VSS and the VHE rate decreased with increasing C-value. There was a high inverse regression between the cavity C-value and volumetric dimensional changes, but a low regression between cavity volume and volumetric dimensional changes. Therefore, it was thought that greater contraction stress would remain in high C-value cavities than low C-value cavities during the setting process. It was also confirmed that the volumetric dimensional changes of RMGI in cavity were influenced primarily by the cavity C-value. (+info)
Strength and microstructure of gallium alloys.
This study investigated the physical and mechanical properties and the microstructure of four different gallium alloys. For all gallium alloys, the compressive strengths measured at one hour (86-223 MPa) and 24 hours (265-286 MPa) after specimen preparation were found to be well within the range exhibited by many high-copper amalgams. The creep values and dimensional change of the gallium alloys were comparable to those of leading amalgams, except for the dimensional change value of one alloy. The set gallium alloys consisted of a multi-phase structure including beta-Sn, CuGa2, In4Ag9, Ag72Ga28, and Ga5Pd (except for one product that did not contain Pd) that was more complicated than the structure of dental amalgams. Although the gallium alloys had physical and mechanical properties comparable to those of high-copper amalgams, the microstructure, coupled with the instability of the element gallium itself, could make these materials more prone to corrosive attack compared to amalgams. (+info)
The effect of primers on bond strength of polyacid-modified resin composites (compomers).
This study evaluated the effect of primer on shear bond strength and marginal gaps of six new compomers immediately after light-activation. A resin-modified glass ionomer cement, a conventional glass-ionomer cement and a microfilled composite were used for comparison. The marginal gap widths of each of the four compomers and a microfilled composite used with the primer were significantly smaller compared with those used without the primer. The bond strength values of five compomers used with the primer were significantly higher than those used without the primer. The bond strength of conventional glass-ionomer was not affected by the primer (or the conditioner). (+info)
Effect of functional monomer in commercial dentin bonding agents use of an experimental dentin bonding system.
The objective of the present study was to understand the role of the functional monomers in dentin bonding agents of an experimental dentin bonding system by measuring the wall-to-wall contraction gap and tensile bond strength measurement. The efficacy of three commercial dentin bonding agents after using EDTA for conditioning and GM for priming was evaluated by measuring the contraction gap of the resin composite in a cylindrical dentin cavity, and by measuring the tensile bond strength of the composite to a flat dentin surface. The effect of the functional monomers was demonstrated by the contraction gap measurement alone. The value of the contraction gap was significantly different between the commercial dentin bonding agents and these agents without functional monomers (p < 0.05). It was concluded that the functional monomers were essential to obtaining the marginal integrity of the resin composite in the dentin cavities. (+info)