Determination of the absolute configuration of (+)-2,7(14),10-bisabolatrien-1-ol-4-one from Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica.
The absolute configuration of (+)-2,7(14),10-bisabolatrien-1-ol-4-one, a peculiar sesquiterpenol in the Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica, was determined as (1S,6R)-2,7(14),10-bisabolatrien-1-ol-4-one by comparing the specific rotation values of cryptomeriones respectively converted from (+)-2,7(14),10-bisabolatrien-1-ol-4-one and synthesized from (R)-(-)-carvone. (+info)
Single-strand conformation polymorphism of sequence-tagged site markers based on partial sequences of cDNA clones in Cryptomeria japonica.
Sixty-seven sequence-tagged site (STS) markers were identified from partial sequences of cDNA clones obtained from the inner bark of Cryptomeria japonica. Polymorphisms of the STSs were investigated for the parental clones of a mapping population, Haara and Kumotooshi, using both single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and sequencing analysis. Twenty-two STSs showed nucleotide differences between Haara and Kumotooshi, of which 19 STS differences were detectable under the electrophoresis conditions we used here. We also analyzed SSC-polymorphism in 10 additional clones derived from various Japanese regions to evaluate the usefulness of the STSs developed here among other populations of C. japonica. Twenty-five, about 40%, of the STSs showed polymorphism under selected electrophoresis conditions. The genotype segregation for 19 STSs was investigated among the Haara x Kumotooshi F(1) population, and these STS markers were mapped on a linkage map. SSCP analysis of STSs was efficient in terms of cost and time, and it allows detection of a sufficiently high proportion of polymorphisms to provide a convenient means for mapping of expressed sequences on a linkage map and for studying various aspects of population genetics. (+info)
Three T-cell determinants of Cry j 1 and Cry j 2, the major Japanese cedar pollen antigens, retain their immunogenicity and tolerogenicity in a linked peptide.
It has been demonstrated in detail that administration of a dominant T-cell determinant to animals induces activation or immunological tolerance of T cells. However, it has not been determined whether multiple T-cell determinants, when integrated into a single peptide, retain their potential to induce T-cell activation and tolerance. We prepared a synthetic peptide comprising three T-cell determinants of Cry j 1 and Cry j 2, the major Japanese cedar pollen antigens, and investigated the immunogenicity and tolerogenicity of each T-cell determinant in the linked peptide by means of lymph node cell proliferation assays using mice. Lymph node cells from mice immunized with each of the three T-cell determinants proliferated against the linked peptide in a dose-dependent manner, similar to that of the immunized peptide. Lymph node cells from mice immunized with the linked peptide proliferated against all of the three T-cell determinants. In addition, the degree of proliferation against the three T-cell determinants occurred according to their original immunogenicity, as observed in the native protein antigens. Oral administration of the linked peptide to mice before they were immunized with Cry j 1 and Cry j 2 inhibited lymph node cell proliferation against the three T-cell determinants, depending on the dose of the linked peptide administered. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that three T-cell determinants retain their original immunogenicity and tolerogenicity in a linked peptide comprising them. (+info)
Oral allergy syndrome induced by tomato in a dog with Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) pollinosis.
A dog with Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica, CJ) pollinosis had oral allergy syndrome (OAS) after ingesting fresh tomato. The dog showed specific IgE to both CJ and tomato allergens. As a negative control, twenty dogs without atopic dermatitis that had no exposure to tomato and no specific IgE to CJ allergen were used. They had no specific IgE to tomato allergen. Furthermore, IgE cross-reactivity was observed between CJ and tomato allergens in the dog. We found that OAS induced by tomato exists in the dog and there is a relationship between CJ and tomato allergens. (+info)
Repellents in the Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica, against the pill-bug, Armadillidium vulgare.
Sandaracopimarinol and (1S,6R)-2,7(14),10-bisabolatrien-1-ol-4-one were isolated and identified from Cryptomeria japonica as repellents against Armadillidium vulgare which is well known as an unpleasant pest in the house and as vegetable pest in Japan. These compounds strongly repelled A. vulgare when they were combined, although each compound alone did not show any activity. (+info)
Isolation and characterization of cDNAs that encode homologs of a pathogenesis-related protein allergen from Cryptomeria japonica.
Many plant pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins are allergenic. We isolated three cDNAs, Cry j 3.1, Cry j 3.2, and Cry j 3.3, that encoded homologs of Jun a 3, a PR protein allergen in Juniperus ashei, from a cDNA library derived from the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica. The predicted amino acid sequences encoded by the three cDNAs were more than 85% identical to each other and about 57% identical to the sequence of Jun a 3. The Cry j 3 genes seemed to form a small multigene family in the genome of C. japonica. Expression of Cry j 3 was strong in roots and in female and male strobili; expression was weaker in cotyledons, leaves, stems, and pollen grains. (+info)
Anti-allergic substances contained in the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica possess diverse effects on the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells.
Following prolonged exposure to some of the flavonoids with RBL-2H3 cells, secretion of hexosaminidase, a granule constituent, stimulated by an immunologic was enhanced. RBL-2H3 cells do not normally respond to polybasic secretagogues, but as reported here, they do so after prolonged exposure. Effect of flavonoids on secretion of hexosaminidase was also investigated. Of the thirteen flavonoids, quercetin and fisetin were the most potent inhibitors. A structure-activity study indicated that the position, number, and substitution of the hydroxy group of the B ring and saturation of the C2-C3 bond are important factors affecting flavonoid inhibition of secretary granules in RBL-2H3 cells. (+info)
An approach for the conquest of the sugi pollinosis using plant growth regulation.
The sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) pollinosis becomes representative allergic disease in early spring in Japan. However, effective treatment for the sugi pollinosis and countermeasure against pollen of C. japonica at its source have not been developed in a practical sense. In this paper, the research aiming to prevent dispersion of pollen of the C. japonica is introduced on application and practical application to the field from the laboratory using the growth regulation of the plant. We found that formation of male flower bud in C. japonica could be suppressed by TNE, since the 3 beta-hydroxylase is inhibited by the action of Trinexysapacethyl, TNE. (+info)