Chylothorax after high translumbar aortography. (1/50)

Two patients who had high translumbar aortograms for suspected arterial disease developed shortness of breath 48 hours after aortography and were found to have chylothoraces. Conservative management was initially adopted for both, but surgery had to be resorted to, although the first patient died before arriving in the operating theatre. The literature and the management of this condition are reviewed.  (+info)

Isolated chylopericardium due to mediastinal lymphangiomatous hamartoma;. (2/50)

Isolated chylopericardium is a rare cause of pericardial effusion. Intrapericardial chyle was first noticed by Hasebroek (1888) at necropsy. Twenty years ago Groves and Effler (1954) first reported a clinical case of isolated chylopericardium. The present case is similar to theirs in several respects, and is the nineteenth case to be reported. To our knowledge this is the first British report of an isolated chylopericardium and is the fourth case of isolated chylopericardium due to a mediastinal lymphangiomatous hamartoma to be successfully treated.  (+info)

Chylous ascites following abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy. Management with total parenteral hyperalimentation. (3/50)

Chylous ascites may follow operative injury to retroperitoneal lymphatics. When possible, early reoperation has been advised. This report describes a patient with chylous ascites following emergency abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy. Because the patient was not a candidate for reoperation, total parenteral hyperalimentation was employed in management. This approach resulted in a successful outcome.  (+info)

Multiple chylous cysts of abdomen causing intestinal obstruction. (4/50)

A case of multiple chylous cysts of the abdomen in a 35 years old female is presented here. The patient presented with signs and symptoms of acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy revealed few intestinal adhesions along with multiple small cysts containing blood stained gelatinous material in the abdominal cavity, some of which were excised alongwith lymph nodes. The abdomen was closed after a saline peritoneal lavage. Chylous nature of the cysts was confirmed on histopathology. The post-operative course was asymptomatic.  (+info)

Retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection for chyluria. (5/50)

OBJECTIVE: To report our experiences in retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic stripping for chyluria. METHODS: Six cases of filarial chyluria were admitted to our hospital from November 2001 to June 2002. Of these cases, 4 were men and 2 women, with age ranging from 34 to 52 years (mean, 42 years). Diagnosis was made by using urine test for the presence of chyle and fat globule, cystoscopy, excretory urogram and retrograde pyelography. Chyluria was found on the left renal unit in 2 cases and on the right side in 4 cases. The technique of retroperitoneoscopic management of chyluria consisted of nephrolympholysis, hilar vessel stripping and ureterolympholysis. RESULTS: Operative time ranged from 69 to 120 minutes (mean, 95 minutes). Intraoperative blood loss was 50-180 ml (mean, 85 ml). Chyluria disappeared in all patients immediately after operation. Mild hematuria occurred in 4 cases within 12 hours and disappeared at 24 hours. Subcutaneous emphysema around the lesions was found in 2 cases and was spontaneously absorbed 3 days after the treatment. There was no lymphatic leak at the lesions. The patients were discharged from the hospital 5-9 days after the treatment. All patients gained weight and their haemoglobin and serum protein increased by 13.5 g/L and 3.66 g/L respectively. No chyluria recurrence was reported during 1-1.6 years follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection for chyluria is a safe, effective and efficient surgical procedure with minimal invasion, less pain, lower morbidity, short hospital stay and rapid recovery.  (+info)

Life threatening chylous pleural and pericardial effusion in a patient with Behcet's syndrome. (6/50)

Chylothorax and chylopericardium secondary to thrombosis of the superior vena cava and the innominate and subclavian veins were diagnosed in a patient with Behcet's syndrome. Immunosuppressive treatment, diet, and underwater seal drainage led to a diminished volume of pleural fluid and pericardial fluid and to a diminished concentration of triglyceride in them; pleurodesis with tetracycline was then performed.  (+info)

Persistent chyle leak following radical neck dissection: a solution that can be the solution. (7/50)

A case report of a chyle leak following radical neck dissection for residual lymph nodal disease performed after chemoradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This is the first case report of the use of cyanoacrylate for a persistent chyle leak following radical neck dissection.  (+info)

Successful treatment of chyluria, glomerular and tubular abnormalities in a young lady with silver nitrate instillation. (8/50)

A 21- year-old lady presented with chyluria, severe malnutrition, secondary amenorrhea, profound hypoalbuminemia, heavy proteinuria and renal tubular abnormalities suggestive of Type IV renal tubular acidosis. No particular cause for chyluria could be ascertained. She was successfully treated with an injection of 2% silver nitrate into the left ureter and urinary bladder. She continues to be well after 15 years of follow-up.  (+info)