UCMP and the Internet help hospital libraries share resources.
The Medical Library Center of New York (MLCNY), a medical library consortium founded in 1959, has specialized in supporting resource sharing and fostering technological advances. In 1961, MLCNY developed and continues to maintain the Union Catalog of Medical Periodicals (UCMP), a resource tool including detailed data about the collections of more than 720 medical library participants. UCMP was one of the first library tools to capitalize on the benefits of computer technology and, from the beginning, invited hospital libraries to play a substantial role in its development. UCMP, beginning with products in print and later in microfiche, helped to create a new resource sharing environment. Today, UCMP continues to capitalize on new technology by providing access via the Internet and an Oracle-based search system providing subscribers with the benefits of: a database that contains serial holdings information on an issue specific level, a database that can be updated in real time, a system that provides multi-type searching and allows users to define how the results will be sorted, and an ordering function that can more precisely target libraries that have a specific issue of a medical journal. Current development of a Web-based system will ensure that UCMP continues to provide cost effective and efficient resource sharing in future years. (+info
Maintaining a catalog of manually-indexed, clinically-oriented World Wide Web content.
With no quality controls and a highly distributed means of posting information, finding high-quality, clinically-oriented content on the World Wide Web can be difficult. Maintaining a catalog of such information can be equally challenging. CliniWeb is a catalog of quality-filtered and clinically-oriented content on the Web designed to enhance access to such information. This paper describes a group of semi-automated tools have been developed to maintain the CliniWeb database. One allows easier identification of content by utilizing Web crawling techniques from high-level pages. Another allows easier selection of content for inclusion and its indexing. A final one checks links to help keep the database current. These are augmented by general plans to adopt more detailed metadata and linkages into the medical literature. (+info
An assessment of the visibility of MeSH-indexed medical web catalogs through search engines.
Manually indexed Internet health catalogs such as CliniWeb or CISMeF provide resources for retrieving high-quality health information. Users of these quality-controlled subject gateways are most often referred to them by general search engines such as Google, AltaVista, etc. This raises several questions, among which the following: what is the relative visibility of medical Internet catalogs through search engines? This study addresses this issue by measuring and comparing the visibility of six major, MeSH-indexed health catalogs through four different search engines (AltaVista, Google, Lycos, Northern Light) in two languages (English and French). Over half a million queries were sent to the search engines; for most of these search engines, according to our measures at the time the queries were sent, the most visible catalog for English MeSH terms was CliniWeb and the most visible one for French MeSH terms was CISMeF. (+info
BioWareDB: the biomedical software and database search engine.
A wealth of bioinformatics tools and databases has been created over the last decade and most are freely available to the general public. However, these valuable resources live a shadow existence compared to experimental results and methods that are widely published in journals and relatively easily found through publication databases such as PubMed. For the general scientist as well as bioinformaticists, these tools can deliver great value to the design and analysis of biological and medical experiments, but there is no inventory presenting an up-to-date and easily searchable index of all these resources. To remedy this, the BioWareDB search engine has been created. BioWareDB is an extensive and current catalog of software and databases of relevance to researchers in the fields of biology and medicine, and presently consists of 2800 validated entries. AVAILABILITY: BioWareDB is freely available over the Internet at http://www.biowaredb.org/ (+info
Developing a metadata data model for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is a large and comprehensive health survey utilizing leading edge technologies to produce national estimates of health measures and the nutritional status of the U.S. population. Early NHANES metadata models grouped data by categories with little specificity and often not capturing the complexity of the survey. Subsequently, existing models at the Census Bureau, CDC, and the EPA were evaluated in addition to industry standards, such as DDI, Dublin Core, and ISO 1179. For the NHANES metadata model, the DDI standard and CDC Public Health Conceptual Model were chosen as the backbone for constructing the data model. The new model has led to increased data accuracy and several value-added products for producing codebooks, automatically checking questionnaire skip patterns, and producing questionnaire instrumentation. (+info
A catalog of human cDNA expression clones and its application to structural genomics.
We describe here a systematic approach to the identification of human proteins and protein fragments that can be expressed as soluble proteins in Escherichia coli. A cDNA expression library of 10,825 clones was screened by small-scale expression and purification and 2,746 clones were identified. Sequence and protein-expression data were entered into a public database. A set of 163 clones was selected for structural analysis and 17 proteins were prepared for crystallization, leading to three new structures. (+info
The Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC).
Evaluation of meta-concepts for information retrieval in a quality-controlled health gateway.
BACKGROUND: CISMeF is a French quality-controlled health gateway that uses the MeSH thesaurus. We introduced two new concepts, metaterms (medical specialty which has semantic links with one or more MeSH terms, subheadings and resource types) and resource types. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate precision and recall of metaterms. METHODS: We created 16 pairs of queries. Each pair concerned the same topic, but one used metaterms and one MeSH terms. To assess precision, each document retrieved by the query was classified as irrelevant, partly relevant or fully relevant. RESULTS: The 16 queries yielded 943 documents for metaterm queries and 139 for MeSH term queries. The recall of MeSH term queries was 0.44 (compared to 1 for metaterm queries) and the precision were identical for MeSH term and metaterm queries. CONCLUSION: Metaconcept such as CISMeF metaterms allows a better recall with a similar precision that MeSH terms in a quality controlled health gateway. (+info