Enhancement of delayed hypersensitivity reaction with varieties of anti-cancer drugs. A common biological phenomenon.
(9/12)Delayed hypersensitivity reaction in mice was commonly enhanced with various anti-cancer agents administered as single or intermittent high doses but not consecutive divided doses. The effect of anti-cancer agents on the delayed hypersensitivity reaction was thought to be due to elimination of suppressor T cell activity. (+info)
Carboquone therapy for hematologic neoplasms.
(10/12)A daily oral dose of 1-2 mg of Carboquone was administered for remission induction to 38 patients with hematologic malignancy, and the following results were obtained: 2 of the 3 patients with malignant lymphoma, 1 of the 12 patients with multiple myeloma, 13 of the 14 patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia, and all 9 patients with polycythemia vera attained complete remission. (+info)
Effects of pH on cytotoxicity of carboquone.
(11/12)To assess the effects of pH on the cytotoxicity of carboquone (CQ), use was made of the mouse tail skin and HeLa cells in culture. CQ had the most potent cytotoxic effect at pH 6 rather than at pH7 or 8. Regarding the interaction between 14C-CQ and HeLa cells, both the intracellular accumulation of free 14C-CQ and the ratio of bound 14C-CQ to total 14C-CQ uptake were enhanced at pH6. Among the fractionated biomolecules of DNA, RNA and protein, DNA was the most active in binding CQ, under the same conditions of pH. The 14C-CQ binding to nucleic acids at pH 6 was more apparent than was the binding to protein. Thus, the enhancement of CQ cytotoxicity at low pHs is probably due to an increase in the intracellular accumulation of free CQ as well as to an enhanced reactivity of CQ with DNA, within the ranges of a lower pH. (+info)
A prospective study of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy for primary gastric lymphoma stage II.
(12/12)The standard management of primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) (stage II) has not been established despite the use of various treatment modalities. The present prospective trial of combined surgery and chemotherapy for the treatment of PGL (stage II) included 25 consecutive patients treated between July 1978 and December 1993. Twenty-one patients were treated with total gastrectomy and four with partial gastrectomy; this was followed by post-operative chemotherapy with m-VEPA (vincristine, cyclophosphamide, prednisolone and doxorubicin), followed by consolidation chemotherapy with VEMP (vindesine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and prednisolone) or VQEP (vindesine, carbazilquinone, cyclophosphamide and prednisolone). Twenty-one of the 25 patients who completed post-operative chemotherapy were free of relapse 26-203 (median 94) months after the gastrectomy. Of the four patients who did not complete the projected chemotherapy, two relapsed and died of lymphoma. Another patient with recurrent lymphoma died in an accident, and the fourth patient was in remission at 54 months after surgery. The post-operative overall and disease-free survival rates at 10 years for the 25 evaluable patients were 81.6% and 92.0% respectively. Major surgical complications and treatment-related death after chemotherapy were not observed. PGL (stage II) appears to be curable when treated with gastrectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. (+info)