Residual antibacterial activity of chlorhexidine digluconate and camphorated p-monochlorophenol in calcium hydroxide-based root canal dressings. (41/184)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the residual antibacterial activity of several calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]-based pastes, placed in root canals of dogs' teeth with induced chronic periapical lesions. Root canals were instrumented with the ProFile rotary system and filled with 4 pastes: G1 (n=16): Ca(OH)2 paste + anesthetic solution; G2 (n=20): Calen paste + camphorated p-monochlorophenol (CMCP); G3 (n=18): Calen; and G4 (n=18): Ca(OH)2 paste + 2% chlorhexidine digluconate. After 21 days, the pastes were removed with size 60 K-files and placed on Petri plates with agar inoculated with Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341. Pastes that were not placed into root canals served as control. After pre-diffusion, incubation and optimization, the inhibition zones of bacterial growth were measured and analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test at 5% significance level. All pastes showed residual antibacterial activity. The control samples had larger halos (p<0.05). The mean residual antibacterial activity halos in G1, G2, G3 and G4 were 7.6; 10.4; 17.7 and 21.4 mm, respectively. The zones of bacterial growth of G4 were significantly larger than those of G1 and G2 (p<0.05). In conclusion, regardless of the vehicle and antiseptic, all Ca(OH)2-based pastes showed different degrees of measurable residual antibacterial activity. Furthermore, unlike CMCP, chlorhexidine increased significantly the antibacterial activity of Ca(OH)2.  (+info)

Anti-flatulence treatment and status epilepticus: a case of camphor intoxication. (42/184)

We describe a case of a young child who lived in Hong Kong who presented with a severe epilepticus status after a return flight to Paris. Routine laboratory tests failed to establish a cause. Upon further questioning, the parents reported that the nanny had given an abdominal massage to the child with an unlabelled solution reported to have anti-flatulence effects. Toxicological analysis of this solution revealed the presence of camphor. Although the highly toxic effects of camphor have long been established, the present case illustrates that camphor continues to be a source of paediatric exposure. This case highlights the importance of systematic questioning and recalls the extreme danger associated with camphor even when administered transcutaneously.  (+info)

Estrogen sensitivity of target genes and expression of nuclear receptor co-regulators in rat prostate after pre- and postnatal exposure to the ultraviolet filter 4-methylbenzylidene camphor. (43/184)


Periradicular repair after two-visit endodontic treatment using two different intracanal medications compared to single-visit endodontic treatment. (44/184)

The number of appointments necessary to treat infected root canals is one of the most controversial issues in endodontics. This study evaluated, in dogs, the response of the periradicular tissues to the endodontic treatment of infected root canals performed in a single visit or in two visits, using different interappointment dressings. Periradicular lesions were induced by inoculating Enterococcus faecalis in the root canals. After confirming that a periradicular lesion developed, the root canals were treated within one or two visits, using either ozonized oil or calcium hydroxide in camphorated paramonochlorophenol (CMCP) as an intracanal medication. After 6 months, the animals were sacrificed and the specimens were processed for histological and histobacteriological analysis. The root canals treated in a single visit showed a success rate of 46%. When a calcium hydroxide/CMCP-based interappointment intracanal medication was used, 74% of the cases were categorized as success. In cases where ozonized oil was used as the intracanal medication, a success rate of 77% was observed. These results of the present study demonstrated that the two-visit treatment offered a higher success rate compared to one-visit therapy. In addition, ozonized oil may potentially be used as an intracanal medication.  (+info)

Ionothermal synthesis of homochiral framework with acetate-pillared cobalt-camphorate architecture. (45/184)


An efficient synthesis of five-membered cyclic ethers from 1,3-diols using molecular iodine as a catalyst. (46/184)

Intramolecular cyclic etherification of 1,3-diols was investigated using iodine as a catalyst under solution reaction conditions. Compounds containing five-membered ether rings were obtained. Propella ether (11-oxatricyclo[,6)]tridecane) was conveniently synthesized from 1,3-diol (6-(2-hydroxyethyl)spiro[4.5]decan-6-ol) in 97% yield via carbon skeleton rearrangement. Spiroethers and bicyclic ethers were also obtained from the corresponding 1,3-diols in yields of over 77%. The most suitable reaction conditions were a temperature of 80 degrees C, a 1:0.2 molar ratio of 1,3-diol:iodine, and a time period of 8 h. In addition, terpenoic ethers were efficiently synthesized from the corresponding 1,3-diols, derived from (+)-camphor and (-)-fenchone, via skeleton rearrangement. In particular, the reaction of the 1,3-diol derived from (+)-camphor proceeded smoothly at room temperature with a yield of 91%. The yield of the cyclic ether using iodine as a catalyst was comparable to the method using sulfuric acid.  (+info)

Region-specific growth effects in the developing rat prostate following fetal exposure to estrogenic ultraviolet filters. (47/184)


Anti colon cancer components from Lebanese sage (Salvia libanotica) essential oil: Mechanistic basis. (48/184)

Lebanese sage essential oil possesses antitumor properties, however, the bioactive components and antitumor mechanisms are not known. Here we show that combining the three sage bioactive compounds, Linalyl acetate (Ly), Terpeniol (Te) and Camphor (Ca), caused synergistic inhibition of the growth of two isogenic human colon cancer cell lines HCT-116 (p53(+/+) and p53(-/-)) and had no effect on growth of FHs74Int normal human intestinal cell line. In p53(+/+) cells, the combination of Ly + Te + Ca (10(-3) M of each) caused significant accumulation of cells in PreG(1) (64% at 48 hours); less preG(1) increase was observed in response to Ly + Te (25%) or Ly + Ca (14%). In p53(-/-) cells, Ly + Te + Ca caused cell accumulation in PreG(1) and G(2)/M phases. In response to the three components, 58% apoptosis occurred in p53(+/+) cells and 38% in p53(-/-) cells. Apoptosis by Ly + Te + Ca, in p53+/+ cells, was associated with increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and pp53/p53 ratio, cleavage and activation of caspase-3, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release. In p53(-/-) cells, the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential was observed but to a lesser extent than in p53(+/+) cells and caspase activation or cleavage did not appear to be involved in drug-induced apoptosis. Sage components induced poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP) cleavage in both p53(+/+) and p53(-/-) cell lines. Pretreatment with the caspase-3 inhibitor and pan caspase inhibitor abrogated drug-mediated apoptosis and blocked procaspase-3 activation and partially blocked PARP cleavage in p53(+/+) cells. Conversely, in p53(-/-) cells, pre-incubation with caspase inhibitors potentiated drug-induced cell death. It appears that apoptosis in p53(+/+) cells is through the mitochondrial-mediated, caspase-dependent pathway, while in p53(-/-) cells apoptosis is mostly caspase independent despite the presence and features indicating caspase-dependent cell death, such as cytochrome c release and PARP cleavage. Our findings encourage further studies of sage oil components as promising chemotherapeutic agents against colon cancer.  (+info)