Synovial chondromatosis of the subcoracoid bursa.
Synovial chondromatosis, is the chondroid metaplasia of the synovial membrane. Large joints such as the knee and hip are most commonly involved. Extraarticular involvement is rarely described. Synovial chondromatosis may be associated with impingement syndrome of the shoulder. We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the subcoracoid bursa, which resulted in impingement symptoms. (+info)
Bursal sporotrichosis: case report and review.
We describe a patient whose prepatellar bursa was infected with Sporothrix schenckii. The infection persisted despite itraconazole therapy and cure was achieved only after surgical excision of the bursa. A review of treatments for bursal sporotrichosis is presented. (+info)
Early reactions after reimplantation of the tendon of supraspinatus into bone. A study in rabbits.
In 14 rabbits we determined the origin of the cells effecting healing of the tendon of supraspinatus inserted into a bony trough. After two weeks both the cellularity of the underlying bone and the thickness of the subacromial bursa were significantly increased in the operated compared with the control shoulders. The cellularity of the stump of the tendon, however, was significantly decreased in the operated shoulders. In this model, both the underlying bone and the subacromial bursa but not the stump of the tendon contributed to the process of repair. We conclude that the medial stump should be debrided judiciously but that cutting back to bleeding tissue is not necessary during repair of the rotator cuff. Moreover, great care should be taken to preserve the subacromial bursa since it seems to play an important role in the healing process. (+info)
The anatomy of the metacarpo-phalangeal joints, with observations of the aetiology of ulnar drift.
One hundred normal fingers were dissected and arthrographs obtained by injection of chromopaque-gelatin mixture, allowing comparison between the radiographic and macroscopic configuration of the synovial capsule. Synovial recesses protruding from each side of every metacarpo-phalangeal joint were found in relation to the collateral ligaments and corresponding exactly with the site of radiological erosions. A group of bursae lying on the superficial aspect of collateral ligaments were also demonstrated. A rudimentary intra-articular meniscus was found. The results of examination of the insertions of the interossei showed differences from traditional descriptions. The cause of rheumatoid deformity was suggested to be the rheumatoid process arising in the lateral recesses and lateral bursae, weakening the collateral ligaments, which give way in the directions of the deforming forces. These are derived from the long flexor tendons, which were shown to exert an ulnar and volar strain on the metacarpo-phalangeal joint of every finger during grip. (+info)
Popliteal cysts in children. The case against surgery.
The natural history of 120 popliteal cysts in children has been reviewed. Of seventy untreated cysts fifty-one disappeared spontaneously during a mean period of one year and eight months. Of fifty cysts submitted to operation, twenty-one recurred in a mean period of seven months. Three children with recurrences had more than one further operation. Most popliteal cysts in children disappear spontaneously, and operation without very good reason is unjustified. (+info)
Pediatric septic bursitis: case report of retrocalcaneal infection and review of the literature.
Septic bursitis in children is rarely discussed in the medical literature. This review summarizes the clinical manifestations and management of 10 cases of septic bursitis involving patients aged <16 years. In every case in this series, acute trauma was the predisposing condition. Group A streptococci were frequently isolated from the infected bursa. Septic bursitis, an underappreciated infection in children, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of common childhood conditions. (+info)
Interleukin-1-induced subacromial synovitis and shoulder pain in rotator cuff diseases.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the expression of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-1 receptor antagonists (IL-1ra) in the subacromial bursa and shoulder pain in rotator cuff diseases. METHODS: Synovial specimens were analysed using various methods including reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and in situ RT-PCR. Thirty-nine patients with rotator cuff diseases were candidates. The degree of their shoulder pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale. RESULTS: The mRNA expression levels of the cytokines were significantly correlated with the degree of pain [IL-1beta: r=0.782; secreted IL-1ra (sIL-1ra): r=0.756; intracellular IL-1ra (icIL-1ra): r=0.806, P<0.001, respectively]. The combined results of immunohistochemistry and in situ RT-PCR analysis indicated that both synovial lining and sublining cells produce IL-1beta, while synovial lining cells predominantly produce icIL-1ra and sublining cells secrete sIL-1ra. CONCLUSIONS: The differential regulation of the two forms of IL-1ra mRNAs may play an important role in shoulder pain in rotator cuff diseases, regulating IL-1-induced subacromial synovitis. (+info)
Immunolocalization of cytokines and growth factors in subacromial bursa of rotator cuff tear patients.
Inflammation in the subacromial bursa causes pain in patients suffering from rotator cuff tear, with this long-lasting inflammation leading to fibrosis and thickening of the subacromial bursa. Both inflammatory cytokines and mechanical stress, and impingement in the subacromial space, might induce and worsen this inflammation. However, little is known of the mechanism of this inflammation. In this study, we used immunohistological staining to demonstrate the expression of Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in subacromial bursa derived from the patients suffering from rotator cuff tear. On the other hand the expression of these inflammatory cytokines and growth factors were little detected only to a small degree in patients with anterior shoulder instability who did not have severe shoulder pain and impingement in the subacromial space. Our findings suggest that those inflammatory cytokines and growth factors may play an important role in inflammation of the subacromial bursa. Controlling the expression of these cytokines and growth factors might be important for treating patients suffering from shoulder pain due to rotator cuff tear. (+info)